Died on November 12

607 Pope Boniface III the Pope from 19 February to his death in 607. Despite his short time as Pope he made a significant contribution to the organization of the Catholic Church
973 Burchard III Duke of Swabia the count of Thurgau and Zürichgau, perhaps of Rhaetia, and then Duke of Swabia from 954 to his death.
1035 Cnut the Great a king of Denmark, England, Norway, and parts of Sweden, together often referred to as the Anglo-Scandinavian or North Sea Empire. After his death, the deaths of his heirs within a decade, and the Norman conquest of England in 1066, his legacy was largely lost to history. Historian Norman Cantor has made the statement that he was "the most effective king in Anglo-Saxon history", despite not being Anglo-Saxon
1087 William I Count of Burgundy Count of Burgundy from 1057 to 1087 and Mâcon from 1078 to 1087. He was a son of Renaud I and Alice of Normandy, daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy. William was the father of several notable children, including Pope Callixtus II
1094 Duncan II of Scotland king of Scots. He was son of Malcolm III and his first wife Ingibiorg Finnsdottir, widow of Thorfinn Sigurdsson
1139 Magnus IV of Norway King of Norway from 1130 to 1135 and again from 1137 to 1139. His period as king marked the beginning of the civil war era in Norway, which lasted until 1240
1202 Canute VI of Denmark King of Denmark. Canute VI was the eldest son of King Valdemar I and Sophia of Polotsk
1209 Phillipe de Plessis the 13th Grand Master of the Knights Templar. He was born in the fortress of Plessis-Macé, Anjou, France. In 1189 he joined the Third Crusade as a simple knight, and discovered the Order of the Temple in Palestine. After the death of Gilbert Horal he became Grand Master. He helped uphold the treaty between Saladin and Richard In the renewal of this treaty in 1208 he suggested that the Teutonic Order and Hospitallers should make a new peace treaty offer with Malek-Adel. The accord was criticised by Pope Innocent III
1347 John of Viktring a late medieval chronicler and political advisor to the rulers of Carinthia. He is also known as Johannes Victorensis, Johannes de Victoria, John of Victring, Johann von Viktring, or Joannes Victoriensis. In Slovene he is called Janez Vetrinjski
1375 John Henry Margrave of Moravia Count of Tyrol from 1335 to 1341 and Margrave of Moravia from 1349 until his death.
1422 Albert III Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg the last Wittenberg Ascanian and prince-elector of the German Nation.
1434 Louis III of Naples titular King of Naples 1417–1426, Count of Provence, Forcalquier, Piedmont, and Maine and Duke of Anjou 1417–1434, and Duke of Calabria 1426–1434.
1463 Didacus of Alcalá a Spanish lay brother of the Order of Friars Minor who served as among the first group of missionaries to the newly conquered Canary Islands. He died at Alcalá de Henares on 12 November 1463 and is now honored by the Catholic Church as a saint
1555 Stephen Gardiner an English Roman Catholic bishop and politician during the English Reformation period who served as Lord Chancellor during the reign of Queen Mary I of England.
1560 Caspar Aquila a German reformer.
1567 Anne de Montmorency a French soldier, statesman and diplomat. He became Marshal of France and Constable of France
1595 John Hawkins (naval commander) an English naval commander and administrator, merchant, navigator, shipbuilder, pirate and slave trader. He was considered the first English trader to profit from the Triangle Trade, based on selling supplies to colonies ill-supplied by their home countries, and their demand for African slaves in the Spanish colonies of Santo Domingo and Venezuela in the late 16th century. He styled himself "Captain General" as the General of both his own flotilla's of ships and those of the English Royal Navy and to distinguish himself from those Admirals that served only in the administrative sense and were not military in nature. His death and that of his cousin and mentee, Sir Francis Drake heralded the decline of the Royal Navy for decades before its recovery and eventual dominance again helped by the propaganda of the Navy's glory days under his leadership
1623 Josaphat Kuntsevych a monk and archeparch of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, who was killed at Vitebsk, Vitebsk Voivodeship, in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth , on 12 November 1623. He has been declared a martyr and saint of the Catholic Church
1656 Hendrick van Anthonissen a Dutch marine painter.
1656 Albrycht Stanisław Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic, a Reichfürst and a politician from Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He served as the Lesser Lithuanian Chancellor from 1619, the Grand Chancellor of Lithuania and Starosta of Vilnius from 1623, was a member of the powerful Radziwiłł family, last of the Ołyka line, fourth to bear the name of Albert. During his life he was the influential politician. He was Catholic and staunch supporter of Counter-Reformation and enemy of Protestants
1662 Adriaen van de Venne a versatile Dutch Golden Age painter of allegories, genre subjects and portraits, as well as a miniaturist, book-illustrator and designer of political satires and a versifier.
1665 Jerzy Białłozor a Polish nobleman, bishop of Smoleńsk since 1658 and Wilno since 21 November 1661, secretary of the King.
1667 Hans Nansen a Danish statesman.
1671 Thomas Fairfax a general and parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil War. An adept and talented commander, Fairfax led Parliament to many victories, notably the crucial battle of Naseby, becoming effectively military ruler of the new republic, but was eventually overshadowed by his subordinate Oliver Cromwell, who was more politically adept and radical in action against Charles Fairfax became unhappy with Cromwell's policy and publicly refused to take part in Charles's show trial. Eventually he resigned leaving Cromwell to control the republic. Because of this, and also his honourable battlefield conduct and his active role in the Restoration of the monarchy after Cromwell's death, he was exempted from the retribution exacted on many other leaders of the revolution. His dark hair and eyes and a swarthy complexion earned him the nickname "Black Tom"
1712 Tokugawa Ienobu the sixth shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty of Japan. He was the eldest son of Tokugawa Tsunashige, thus making him the nephew of Tokugawa Ietsuna and Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, the grandson of Tokugawa Iemitsu, the great-grandson of Tokugawa Hidetada, and the great-great grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu
1720 Peter Tordenskjold a Norwegian nobleman and an eminent naval flag officer in the service of the Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy. He rose to the rank of Vice-Admiral for his services in the Great Northern War. Born in Trondheim, Peter Wessel travelled to Copenhagen in 1704, and was employed in the navy. He won a name for himself through audacity and courage, and was ennobled as Peter Tordenskiold by King Frederick IV in 1716. His greatest exploit came later that year, as he destroyed the supply fleet of Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Dynekilen. In 1720, he was killed in a duel. In Denmark and Norway he is among the most famous national naval heroes. He experienced an unusually rapid rise in rank and died when he was only 30 years old
1722 Adriaen van der Werff an accomplished Dutch painter of portraits and erotic, devotional and mythological scenes. His brother, Pieter van der Werff , was his principal pupil and assistant
1723 Joseph Clemens of Bavaria a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty of Bavaria and Archbishop-Elector of Cologne from 1688 to 1723.
1729 Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov a Russian statesman, whose official titles included Generalissimus, Prince of the Russian Empire and Duke of Izhora , Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Duke of Cosel. A highly appreciated associate and friend of Tsar Peter the Great, he was the de facto ruler of Russia for two years
1742 Friedrich Hoffmann a German physician and chemist.
1754 Jacob de Wit a Dutch artist and interior decorator who painted many religious scenes.
1758 Nicola Michetti an Italian architect, active in a late-Baroque style in mostly Rome, Italy and St Petersburg, Russia.
1793 Jean Sylvain Bailly a French astronomer, mathematician, freemason, and political leader of the early part of the French Revolution. He presided over the Tennis Court Oath, served as the mayor of Paris from 1789 to 1791, and was ultimately guillotined during the Reign of Terror
1817 Aleksey Gorchakov a Russian general and statesman from the Gorchakov family.
1829 Jean-Baptiste Regnault a French painter.
1836 Juan Ramón Balcarce an Argentine military leader and politician.
1851 Jean Gabriel Marchand 1st Count Marchand went from being an attorney to a company commander in the army of the First French Republic in 1791. He fought almost exclusively in Italy throughout the French Revolutionary Wars and served on the staffs of a number of generals. He participated in Napoleon Bonaparte's celebrated 1796-1797 Italian campaign. In 1799, he was with army commander Barthélemy Catherine Joubert when that general was killed at Novi. Promoted to general officer soon after, he transferred to the Rhine theater in 1800
1854 Friedrich August Peter von Colomb a Prussian general.
1857 Maximilian Spinola an Italian entomologist.
1857 Manuel Oribe the 2nd Constitutional president of Uruguay.
1858 Aloys II Prince of Liechtenstein the sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein between 1836 and 1858. He was a son of Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein and wife Landgravine Josepha of Fürstenberg-Weitra, nephew of Aloys I and father of Johann II and Franz Alois contributed actively to Liechtenstein's economic and political development
1865 Elizabeth Gaskell a British novelist and short story writer during the Victorian era. Her novels offer a detailed portrait of the lives of many strata of society, including the very poor, and are of interest to social historians as well as lovers of literature. Gaskell was also the first to write a biography of Charlotte Bronte, The Life of Charlotte Bronte, which was published in 1857
1865 Preston King (politician) a United States Representative and Senator from New York.
1869 Carl Georg Brunius a classical scholar, art historian, archaeologist and architect working in the university town of Lund in southern Sweden.
1869 Gheorghe Asachi a Moldavian-born Romanian prose writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist and translator. An Enlightenment-educated polymath and polyglot, he was one of the most influential people of his generation. Asachi was a respected journalist and political figure, as well as active in technical fields such as civil engineering and pedagogy, and, for long, the civil servant charged with overseeing all Moldavian schools. Among his leading achievements were the issuing of Albina Românească, a highly influential magazine, and the creation of Academia Mihăileană, which replaced Greek-language education with teaching in Romanian. His literary works combined a taste for Classicism with Romantic tenets, while his version of the literary language relied on archaisms and borrowings from the Moldavian dialect
1869 Johann Friedrich Overbeck a German painter and member of the Nazarene movement. He also made four etchings
1870 Auguste Duméril a French zoologist. His father, André Marie Constant Duméril , was also a zoologist. In 1869 he was elected as a member of the Académie des sciences
1879 Jean-Charles Chenu a French physician and naturalist. Chenu is the author of an Encyclopaedia of Natural History
1880 Karl Heinzen a revolutionary author who resided mainly in Germany and the United States. He was one of the German Forty-Eighters
1887 Mikołaj Kruszewski a Polish linguist, most significant as the co-inventor of the concept of phonemes, and relative of Anya Lucia Kruszewski. From 1883, he was a professor at Kazan University. His notable works include On Sound Alternation and Outline of Linguistic Science. The former is actually the introduction to his master's thesis on morphophonemic alternation in Old Slavic and the latter is his doctoral thesis