Died on November 13

867 Pope Nicholas I Pope from 24 April 858 to his death in 867. He is remembered as a consolidator of papal authority and power, exerting decisive influence upon the historical development of the papacy and its position among the Christian nations of Western Europe. Nicholas I asserted that the pope should have suzerain authority over all Christians, even royalty, in matters of faith and morals
1004 Abbo of Fleury a monk, and later abbot, of Fleury Abbey in present day Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire near Orléans, France.
1009 Dedo I of Wettin a son of Theodoric I of Wettin and Jutta of Merseburg.
1093 Malcolm III of Scotland King of Scots. He was the eldest son of King Duncan Malcolm's long reign, lasting 35 years, preceded the beginning of the Scoto-Norman age. He is the historical equivalent of the character of the same name in Shakespeare's Macbeth
1143 Fulk King of Jerusalem Count of Anjou from 1109 to 1129, and King of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death. He was also the paternal grandfather of Henry II of England
1154 Iziaslav II of Kiev the oldest son of Mstislav Vladimirovich, Kniaz' , and Christina Ingesdotter of Sweden.
1197 Saint Homobonus the patron saint of business people, tailors, shoemakers, and clothworkers, as well as of Cremona, Italy.
1239 Henry II Count of Bar a Count of Bar who reigned from 1214 to 1239. He was son of Count Theobald I of Bar and his first wife, Ermesinde of Bar-sur-Seine. He died in Gaza while on Crusade
1278 Barnim I Duke of Pomerania a Duke of Pomerania from 1220 until his death.
1319 Eric VI of Denmark King of Denmark and a son of Eric V and Agnes of Brandenburg.
1345 Constance of Peñafiel the daughter of Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena , called "el escritor" , Duke of Peñafiel, and his second wife Constance of Aragon, a daughter of James II of Aragon.
1359 Ivan II of Moscow the Grand Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir in 1353. Until that date, he had ruled the towns of Ruza and Zvenigorod. He was the second son of Ivan Kalita, and succeeded his brother Simeon the Proud, who died of the Black Death
1369 Thomas de Beauchamp 11th Earl of Warwick an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War. In 1348 he became one of the founders and the third Knight of the Order of the Garter
1442 Elisabeth of Bavaria Electress of Brandenburg an Electress of Brandenburg.
1460 Henry the Navigator an important figure in 15th-century Portuguese politics and in the early days of the Portuguese Empire. Through his administrative direction, he is regarded as the main initiator of what would be known as the Age of Discoveries. Henry was the fifth child of the Portuguese king John I and responsible for the early development of Portuguese exploration and maritime trade with other continents through the systematic exploration of Western Africa, the islands of the Atlantic Ocean, and the search for new routes
1462 Anne of Austria Landgravine of Thuringia a Duchess of Luxembourg in her own right, and as consort, Landgravine of Thuringia and of Saxony.
1549 Paul Fagius a Renaissance scholar of Biblical Hebrew.
1567 Pedro de la Gasca a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to January 27, 1550.
1571 Marfa Sobakina Tsaritsa of the Tsardom of Russia and was the third wife of Ivan the Terrible. The daughter of a Novgorod based merchant Vasiliy Sobakin, Marfa was selected by Ivan among 12 marriage finalists. A few days after her selection, Marfa began to succumb to a mysterious ailment. It was rumoured that she was unintentionally poisoned by her mother, who gave her a potion supposedly meant to increase her fertility. Despite rapidly losing weight and barely standing, Marfa was nonetheless married to Ivan on 28 October 1571 in Aleksandrovska Sloboda. Marfa died a few days later. Her death increased her husband's paranoia, because she died in what was meant to be an impregnable fortress filled with loyal subjects. Ivan, remembering the death of his first wife, immediately suspected poison and put to death many of his subjects, including Mikail Temjruk who was impaled
1587 Hai Rui a Chinese official of the Ming Dynasty. In China he is remembered as a model of honesty and integrity in office. A play based on his career, Hai Rui Dismissed from Office, gained political significance in the 1960s during the Cultural Revolution
1606 Girolamo Mercuriale an Italian philologist and physician, most famous for his work De Arte Gymnastica.
1619 Ludovico Carracci an Italian, early-Baroque painter, etcher, and printmaker born in Bologna. His works are characterized by a strong mood invoked by broad gestures and flickering light that create spiritual emotion and are credited with reinvigorating Italian art, especially fresco art, which was subsumed with formalistic Mannerism. He died in Bologna in 1619
1624 Thomas van Erpe born at Gorinchem, in Holland.
1650 Thomas May an English poet, dramatist and historian of the Renaissance era.
1689 Philipp von Zesen a German poet, hymnist and writer. Some of his works are published under his pen name Ritterhold von Blauen
1726 Sophia Dorothea of Celle the repudiated wife of George I of Great Britain and mother of George The union with her first cousin was an arranged marriage of state, instigated by the machinations of his mother, Sophia of Hanover. She is best remembered for her alleged affair with Philip Christoph von Königsmarck that led to her being imprisoned in the Castle of Ahlden for the last thirty years of her life
1765 Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia the ninth child and fifth daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. By marriage, she was a Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
1770 George Grenville a British Whig statesman who rose to the position of Prime Minister of Great Britain. Grenville was born into an influential political family and first entered Parliament in 1741 as an MP for Buckingham. He emerged as one of Cobham's Cubs, a group of young members of Parliament associated with Lord Cobham
1771 Konrad Ernst Ackermann a German actor.
1777 William Bowyer (printer) an English printer.
1785 Joaquín Ibarra a Spanish printer who was known for several important technical developments on the work of the press, books and typography. His work was extremely anticipated
1810 Marie Joséphine of Savoy the wife of the future King Louis XVIII of France. She was a princess of Savoy by birth, became Countess of Provence upon her marriage in 1771, and then titular Queen of the French when her husband's nephew, the titular King Louis XVII of France, died in 1795
1819 Alexander Tormasov a Russian cavalry general prominent during the Napoleonic Wars.
1841 Caroline of Baden an Electress of Bavaria and later the first Queen consort of Bavaria as the spouse of King Maximilian I Joseph.
1848 Robert Darwin best known as the father of the naturalist Charles Darwin. He was a member of the influential Darwin-Wedgwood family
1849 William Etty an English painter, best known for his paintings of nudes.
1854 Louis de Beaupoil de Saint-Aulaire a French politician.
1861 Arthur Hugh Clough an English poet, an educationalist, and the devoted assistant to ground-breaking nurse Florence Nightingale. He was the brother of suffragist Anne Clough, who became principal of Newnham College, Cambridge
1862 Ludwig Uhland a German poet, philologist and literary historian.
1862 Pierre Deland a Swedish actor and theatre director. As director of the Deland travelling theatre, he was one of the most famous artists in both Sweden and Finland during the mid 19th century. His troupe inaugurated several of the first theatres founded in the Swedish and Finnish towns during this period. They toured between the theatres of the countryside. Such theatres did not have a standing ensemble and therefore regarded these troupes as their regular staff
1863 Ignacio Comonfort a Mexican politician and soldier. He became President of Mexico in 1855 after a revolt based in Ayutla overthrew Santa Anna
1866 Sir William Parker 1st Baronet of Shenstone a Royal Navy officer. As a captain's servant he took part in the Battle of The Glorious First of June in June 1794 during the French Revolutionary Wars and, as a captain, he participated in the capture of the French ships Marengo and Belle Poule at the Action of 13 March 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars. He was detached on an independent command on the Tagus in September 1831 with a mission to protect British interests during the Portuguese Civil War. As Commander-in-chief of the East Indies and China Station, he provided naval support at various actions between 1841 and 1842 during the First Opium War. Appointed Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet in February 1845, he was briefly First Naval Lord in the First Russell ministry from 13 July 1846 to 24 July 1846 but gave up the role due to ill health before returning to his command with the Mediterranean Fleet
1866 Kapaakea a Hawaiian chief who was the patriarch of the House of Kalākaua that ruled the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi from 1874 to 1893.
1867 Adolphe Napoléon Didron a French art historian and archaeologist.
1868 Bonaventura Genelli a German painter.
1873 Gabrio Casati an Italian politician, born in Milan.
1876 Pietro Antonio Coppola an Italian composer and conductor. Born in Castrogiovanni, he was trained by his father and at the Naples Conservatory. He is chiefly known for his many operas, of which his most famous, Nina pazza per amore, premiered at the Teatro Valle in Rome in February 1835. While his works have rarely been performed after the 19th century, during his lifetime they enjoyed success in major opera houses in Italy, France, Portugal, and Spain. As a conductor he was particularly active at the Teatro Nacional de São Carlos in Lisbon. He died in Catania at the age of 82
1878 Carl Heissler an Austrian violinist and violist.
1880 August Karl von Goeben a Prussian infantry general. He was awarded the Iron Cross for his service in the Franco-Prussian War
1882 Gottfried Kinkel a German poet also noted for his revolutionary activities and his escape from a Prussian prison in Spandau with the help of his friend Carl Schurz.