November 13 events in history

1002 English king Æthelred II orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice's Day massacre
1160 Louis VII of France marries Adela of Champagne
1553 Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer and four others, including Lady Jane Grey, are accused of high treason and sentenced to death under Catholic Queen "Bloody" Mary I
1642 First English Civil War: Battle of Turnham Green: The Royalist forces withdraw in the face of the Parliamentarian army and fail to take London
1775 American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Gen. Richard Montgomery occupy Montreal
1841 James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnotism
1851 The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, before moving to the other side of Elliott Bay to what would become Seattle
1864 The new Constitution of Greece is adopted
1887 Bloody Sunday clashes in central London
1901 The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster
1914 Zaian War: Berber tribesmen inflict the heaviest defeat of French forces in Morocco at the Battle of El Herri
1916 Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription
1918 Allied troops occupy Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire
1927 The Holland Tunnel opens to traffic as the first Hudson River vehicle tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City
1940 Walt Disney's animated musical film Fantasia is first released, on the first night of a roadshow at New York's Broadway Theatre
1941 World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is torpedoed by U-81, sinking the following day
1942 World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal: U.S. and Japanese ships engage in an intense, close-quarters surface naval engagement during the Guadalcanal Campaign
1947 The Soviet Union completes development of the AK-47, one of the first proper assault rifles
1950 General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, President of Venezuela, is assassinated in Caracas
1954 Great Britain defeats France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators
1956 The Supreme Court of the United States declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott
1965 The SS Yarmouth Castle burns and sinks 60 miles off Nassau with the loss of 90 lives
1966 In response to Fatah raids against Israelis near the West Bank border, Israel launches an attack on the village of As-Samu
1969 Vietnam War: Anti-war protesters in Washington, D.C. stage a symbolic March Against Death
1970 Bhola cyclone: A 150-mph tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people in one night. This is regarded as the 20th century's worst natural disaster
1974 Ronald DeFeo, Jr. murders his entire family in Amityville, Long Island in the house that would become known as The Amityville Horror
1982 Ray Mancini defeats Duk Koo Kim in a boxing match held in Las Vegas. Kim's subsequent death (on November 17) leads to significant changes in the sport
1982 The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans
1985 The volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts and melts a glacier, causing a lahar (volcanic mudslide) that buries Armero, Colombia, killing approximately 23,000 people
1985 Xavier Suárez is sworn in as Miami's first Cuban-born mayor
1986 The Compact of Free Association becomes law, granting the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands independence from the United States
1988 Mulugeta Seraw, an Ethiopian law student in Portland, Oregon is beaten to death by members of the Neo-Nazi group East Side White Pride
1989 Hans-Adam II, the present Prince of Liechtenstein, begins his reign on the death of his father
1990 In Aramoana, New Zealand, David Gray shoots dead 13 people in a massacre before being tracked down and killed by police the next day
1992 The High Court of Australia rules in Dietrich v The Queen that although there is no absolute right to have publicly funded counsel, in most circumstances a judge should grant any request for an adjournment or stay when an accused is unrepresented
1994 In a referendum, voters in Sweden decide to join the European Union
1995 A truck-bomb explodes outside of a US-operated Saudi Arabian National Guard training center in Riyadh, killing five Americans and two Indians. A group called the Islamic Movement for Change claims responsibility
2000 Philippine House Speaker Manny Villar passes the articles of impeachment against Philippine President Joseph Estrada
2001 War on Terror: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States
2002 Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441
2007 Russia officially withdraws from the Soviet-era Batumi military base, Georgia
2012 A total solar eclipse occurred in parts of Australia and the South Pacific