November 14 events in history

1770 James Bruce discovers what he believes to be the source of the Nile
1862 American Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln approves General Ambrose Burnside's plan to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia, leading to the Battle of Fredericksburg
1889 Pioneering female journalist Nellie Bly (aka Elizabeth Cochrane) begins a successful attempt to travel around the world in less than 80 days. She completes the trip in 72 days
1910 Aviator Eugene Burton Ely performs the first take off from a ship in Hampton Roads, Virginia. He took off from a makeshift deck on the USS Birmingham in a Curtiss pusher
1916 World War I: The Battle of the Somme ends
1918 Czechoslovakia becomes a republic
1921 Foundation of the Communist Party of Spain
1922 The British Broadcasting Company begins radio service in the United Kingdom
1940 World War II: In England, Coventry is heavily bombed by German Luftwaffe bombers. Coventry Cathedral is almost completely destroyed
1941 World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sinks due to torpedo damage from the German submarine U-81 sustained on November 13
1941 World War II: In Slonim, German forces engaged in Operation Barbarossa murder 9,000 Jews in a single day
1952 The first regular UK Singles Chart published by the New Musical Express
1957 The Apalachin Meeting outside Binghamton, New York is raided by law enforcement, and many high level Mafia figures are arrested
1965 Vietnam War: The Battle of Ia Drang begins – the first major engagement between regular American and North Vietnamese forces
1967 The Congress of Colombia, in commemoration of the 150 years of the death of Policarpa Salavarrieta, declares this day as "Day of the Colombian Woman"
1967 American physicist Theodore Maiman is given a patent for his ruby laser systems, the world's first laser
1969 Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 12, the second crewed mission to the surface of the Moon
1970 Soviet Union enters ICAO, making Russian the fourth official language of organization
1970 Southern Airways Flight 932 crashes in the mountains near Huntington, West Virginia, killing 75, including members of the Marshall University football team
1971 Enthronment of Pope Shenouda III as Pope of Alexandria
1971 Mariner 9 enters orbit around Mars
1973 In the United Kingdom, Princess Anne marries Captain Mark Phillips, in Westminster Abbey
1975 Spain abandons Western Sahara
1979 Iran hostage crisis: US President Jimmy Carter issues Executive order 12170, freezing all Iranian assets in the United States in response to the hostage crisis
1982 Lech Wałęsa, the leader of Poland's outlawed Solidarity movement, is released after eleven months of internment near the Soviet border
1984 Zamboanga City mayor Cesar Climaco, a prominent critic of the government of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos, is assassinated in his home city
1990 After German reunification, the Federal Republic of Germany and Poland sign a treaty confirming the Oder–Neisse line as the border between Germany and Poland
1991 American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103
1991 Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh after thirteen years of exile
1991 In Royal Oak, Michigan, a fired United States Postal Service employee goes on a shooting rampage, killing four and wounding five before committing suicide
1995 A budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans in the U.S. Congress forces the federal government to temporarily close national parks and museums and to run most government offices with skeleton staffs
2001 War in Afghanistan: Afghan Northern Alliance fighters take over the capital Kabul
2003 Astronomers Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz discover 90377 Sedna, a Trans-Neptunian object
2008 The first G-20 economic summit opens in Washington, D.C
2010 Germany's Sebastian Vettel of Red Bull Racing wins Formula One's Drivers Championship to become the sport's youngest champion
2012 Israel launches a major military operation in the Gaza Strip, as hostilities with Hamas escalate