Died on November 15

565 Justinian I a Byzantine emperor from 527 to 565. During his reign, Justinian sought to revive the empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the historical Roman Empire
621 Malo (saint) the mid-6th century founder of Saint-Malo in Brittany, France. He is one of the seven founder saints of Brittany
655 Æthelhere of East Anglia King of East Anglia from 653 or 654 until his death. Æthelhere was a member of the ruling Wuffingas dynasty and was one of three sons of Eni to rule East Anglia as Christian kings. He was a nephew of Rædwald, who was the first of the Wuffingas of which more than a name is known
655 Penda of Mercia today the English Midlands. A pagan at a time when Christianity was taking hold in many of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, Penda took over the Severn Valley in 628 following the Battle of Cirencester before participating in the defeat of the powerful Northumbrian king Edwin at the Battle of Hatfield Chase in 633
1037 Odo II Count of Blois the Count of Blois, Chartres, Châteaudun, Beauvais and Tours from 1004 and Count of Troyes and Meaux from 1022. He twice tried to make himself a king: first in Italy after 1024 and then in Burgundy after 1032
1136 Leopold III Margrave of Austria the Margrave of Austria from 1095 to his death in 1136. He was a member of the House of Babenberg. He was canonized on 6 January 1485 and became the patron saint of Austria, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, and Vienna. His feast day is 15 November
1184 Beatrice I Countess of Burgundy the only daughter of Renaud III, Count of Burgundy and Agatha of Lorraine. She was the second wife of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor and as such was styled Empress. Her maternal grandparents were Simon I, Duke of Lorraine and his wife Adelaide of Leuven. Beatrice was active at the Hohenstaufen court, encouraging literary works and chivalric ideals. She accompanied her husband on his travels and campaigns across his kingdom, and Frederick Barbarossa was known to be under Beatrice's influence. She was crowned Holy Roman Empress by Antipope Paschal III in Rome on 1 August 1167, and later as Queen of Burgundy at Vienne in August 1178
1184 William de Beaumont 3rd Earl of Warwick an English nobleman.
1194 Margaret I Countess of Flanders countess of Flanders suo jure from 1191 to her death. She was the daughter of Thierry, Count of Flanders, and Sibylla of Anjou, and the heiress of her childless brother, Philip of Flanders
1226 Frederick of Isenberg a German noble, the younger son of Count Arnold of Altena. His family castle was the Isenburg near Hattingen, Germany
1280 Albertus Magnus O.P. also known as Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, is a Catholic saint. He was a German Dominican friar and a Catholic bishop. He was known during his lifetime as doctor universalis and doctor expertus and, late in his life, the term magnus was appended to his name. Scholars such as James Weisheipl and Joachim Söder have referred to him as the greatest German philosopher and theologian of the Middle Ages. The Catholic Church honours him as a Doctor of the Church, one of only 35 so honoured
1347 James I Count of Urgell the fourth son of Alfonso IV King of Aragon and Teresa d'Entença & Cabrera, 17th Countess of Urgell.
1379 Otto V Duke of Bavaria a duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg as Otto VII. Otto was the fourth son of Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV by his second wife Margaret II of Avesnes, countess of Hainaut and Holland
1463 Giovanni Antonio Del Balzo Orsini Prince of Taranto, Duke of Bari, Count of Lecce, Acerra, Soleto and Conversano, as well as Count of Matera and of Ugento.
1520 Idris Bitlisi an Ottoman Kurdish religious scholar and administrator from Bitlis. There is some controversy about his actual place of birth possibly having been around Diyarbekir
1527 Catherine of York the ninth child and sixth daughter of King Edward IV by his wife Elizabeth Woodville. From birth to death, she was daughter to Edward IV, sister to Edward V, niece to Richard III, sister-in-law to Henry VII and aunt to Henry VIII
1553 Lucrezia de' Medici (1470–1553) an Italian noblewoman, the eldest daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici and Clarice Orsini and mother of Maria Salviati and Giovanni Salviati, who was a cardinal from 1517 until his death. Her portrait was considered as the baby Jesus in Our Lady of the Magnificat of Sandro Botticelli
1557 Ferrante Gonzaga an Italian condottiero, a member of the House of Gonzaga and the founder of the branch of the Gonzaga of Guastalla.
1560 Domingo de Soto a Dominican priest and Scholastic theologian born in Segovia, Spain, and died in Salamanca at the age of 66. He is best known as one of the major figures of the philosophical movement known as the School of Salamanca, together with Francisco de Vitoria
1579 Ferenc Dávid a Transylvanian Nontrinitarian and Unitarian preacher, the founder of the Unitarian Church of Transylvania.
1591 Barnabé Brisson a French jurist and politician.
1594 Martin Frobisher an English seaman who made three voyages to the New World to look for the Northwest Passage. All landed in northeastern Canada, around today's Resolution Island and Frobisher Bay. On his second voyage, Frobisher found what he thought was gold ore and carried 200 tons of it home on three ships, where initial assaying determined it to be worth a profit of £5.2 per ton. Encouraged, Frobisher returned to Canada with an even larger fleet and dug several mines around Frobisher Bay. He carted 1,350 tons of the ore back where, after years of smelting, it was realised that both that batch of ore and the earlier one he had taken were worthless iron pyrite. As an English privateer/pirate, he collected riches from French ships. He was later knighted for his service in repelling the Spanish Armada in 1588
1628 Roque González de Santa Cruz a Jesuit priest of Spanish descent, missionary among the Guarani people, in the Reductions of Paraguay. He was the son of Don Bartolomé González de Villaverde and Doña María de Santa Cruz who were Spanish nobles. Roque González spoke Guaraní fluently from an early age
1629 Gabriel Bethlen a Protestant King of Hungary , Prince of Transylvania and Duke of Opole who led an anti-Habsburg insurrections in Royal Hungary. Bethlen is accused of duplicity in his foreign affairs
1630 Johannes Kepler a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion, based on his works Astronomia nova, Harmonices Mundi, and Epitome of Copernican Astronomy. These works also provided one of the foundations for Isaac Newton's theory of universal gravitation
1670 John Amos Comenius a Czech teacher, educator and writer. He served as the last bishop of Unity of the Brethren and became a religious refugee and one of the earliest champions of universal education, a concept eventually set forth in his book Didactica Magna. He is considered the father of modern education. Comenius was the innovator who first introduced pictorial textbooks, written in native language instead of Latin, applied effective teaching based on the natural gradual growth from simple to more comprehensive concepts, supported lifelong learning and development of logical thinking by moving from dull memorization, presented and supported the idea of equal opportunity for impoverished children, opened doors to education for women, made instruction universal and practical. He lived and worked in many different countries in Europe, including Sweden, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Transylvania, the Holy Roman Empire, England, the Netherlands and Royal Hungary
1673 Thomas Wharton (anatomist) an English physician and anatomist best known for his descriptions of the submandibular duct and Wharton's jelly of the umbilical cord.
1691 Aelbert Cuyp one of the leading Dutch landscape painters of the Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century. The most famous of a family of painters, the pupil of his father Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp , he is especially known for his large views of the Dutch countryside in early morning or late afternoon light
1705 Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach a German noblewomen, and by her marriage to Ernest Louis countess of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage took place in 1 December 1687
1706 6th Dalai Lama the sixth Dalai Lama. He was a Monpa by ethnicity and was born at Urgelling Monastery, 5 kilometres from Tawang Town, India and not far from the large Tawang Monastery in the northwestern part of present-day Arunachal Pradesh
1709 Teofila Ludwika Zasławska a member of the Polish nobility. She was the daughter of Katarzyna Sobieska, who was the sister of Jan III Sobieski, the king of The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Her father was Władysław Dominik Zasławski, a Polish nobleman of Ruthenian stock of the house of Ostrogski, one of the richest magnates in Poland
1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun an English politician best known for his frequent participation in duels and for his reputation as a rake.
1712 James Hamilton 4th Duke of Hamilton a Scottish nobleman, the Premier Peer of Scotland and Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse. He was a Master of the Great Wardrobe, Master-General of the Ordnance, Ambassador, and Colonel-in-Chief of his regiment. Hamilton was a major investor in the failed Darien Scheme, which cost many of Scotland's ruling class their fortunes, and he played a leading role in the events leading up to the Act of Union in 1707. He died on 15 November 1712 as the result of a duel in Hyde Park, Westminster, with Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun, over a disputed inheritance
1716 François Louis de Rousselet Marquis de Châteaurenault a French vice-admiral, maréchal, and nobleman.
1718 Moritz Wilhelm Duke of Saxe-Zeitz a duke of Saxe-Zeitz and member of the House of Wettin.
1776 Fernando de Silva 12th Duke of Alba a Spanish politician and general.
1781 Túpac Katari an early leader of the independence activists in Bolivia and a leader of an indigenous rebellion against the Spanish Empire in the early 1780s. His wife was Bartolina Sisa
1787 Christoph Willibald Gluck a German composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period. After many years at the Habsburg court at Vienna, Gluck brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices that many intellectuals had been campaigning for over the years. With a series of radical new works in the 1760s, among them Orfeo ed Euridice and Alceste, he broke the stranglehold that Metastasian opera seria had enjoyed for much of the century
1793 Jean-Marie Roland vicomte de la Platière a French manufacturer in Lyon and became a leader of the Girondist faction in the French Revolution, largely influenced in this direction by his wife, Marie-Jeanne "Manon" Roland de la Platiere. He served as a minister of the interior in King Louis XVI's government in 1792
1793 Charles-Joseph Mathon de la Cour a French art critic, mathematician, financier, and essayist. He was the son of the mathematician Jacques Mathon de la Cour
1794 Paisius Velichkovsky an Eastern Orthodox monk and theologian who helped spread staretsdom or the concept of the spiritual elder to the Slavic world. He is a pivotal figure in Orthodox Church history
1794 John Witherspoon a Scots Presbyterian minister and a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Jersey. As president of the College of New Jersey , he trained many leaders of the early nation and was an active clergyman and the only college president to sign the Declaration
1794 Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach the daughter of Joseph Karl, Count Palatine of Sulzbach and Countess Palatine Elizabeth of Neuburg. She married Frederick, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld on 6 February 1746
1795 Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo a French painter of allegorical scenes and portraits.
1798 Angelo Maria Amorevoli a leading Italian tenor in Baroque opera.
1801 Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria an Austrian archduchess and the tenth child and third daughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Luisa of Spain. In 1797 she married her first cousin Hereditary Prince Francis of Naples, heir of Naples and Sicily. She was modest, well educated and kind becoming popular in her adoptive country. Afflicted with frail health, she died of tuberculosis, age twenty four. Her only surviving child was the famous duchesse de Berry
1802 George Romney (painter) an English portrait painter. He was the most fashionable artist of his day, painting many leading society figures - including his artistic muse, Emma Hamilton, mistress of Lord Nelson
1808 Alemdar Mustafa Pasha an Ottoman military commander and a Grand Vizier born in Khotyn in then Ottoman land Ukraine in 1765. Both alemdar and bayraktar mean "the standard bearer" and were the names given to the same rank in the Janissary corps
1808 Mustafa IV the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1807 to 1808.
1822 Karl von Normann-Ehrenfels a Württembergian soldier who fought in the Napoleonic Wars. As a Philhellene he sailed to Greece to assist the Greek rebels in the Greek War of Independence, and died there of wounds received in the Battle of Peta