Born on November 16

42 Tiberius Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 Born Tiberius Claudius Nero, a Claudian, Tiberius was the son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla. His mother divorced Nero and married Augustus in 39 BC, making him a step-son of Octavian
1109 Ingulf a Benedictine abbot of Crowland, head of Crowland Abbey in Lincolnshire. He was an Englishman who, having travelled to England on diplomatic business as secretary of William, Duke of Normandy, in 1051, was made Abbot of Crowland in 1087 at Duke William's instigation after he had become king of England and the abbacy had fallen vacant. 1087 was in the last year of William's reign
1436 Leonardo Loredan the doge of the Republic of Venice from 1501 until his death, in the course of the War of the League of Cambrai.
1457 Beatrice of Naples the daughter of Ferdinand I of Naples and Isabella of Clermont. She was twice Queen of Hungary and of Bohemia, having married both Matthias Corvinus and Vladislaus II
1466 Francesco Cattani da Diacceto a Florentine Neoplatonist philosopher of the Italian Renaissance.
1528 Jeanne d'Albret the queen regnant of Navarre from 1555 to 1572. She married Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, and was the mother of Henry of Bourbon, who became King Henry III of Navarre and King Henry IV of France, the first Bourbon king of France. She became the Duchess of Vendôme by marriage
1531 Anna d'Este an important princess with considerable influence at the court of France and a central figure in the French Wars of Religion. In her first marriage she was Duchess of Aumale, then of Guise, in her second marriage Duchess of Nemours and Genevois
1538 Turibius of Mogrovejo a Spanish missionary Archbishop of Lima.
1566 Anna Juliana Gonzaga an Archduchess of Austria who became a Religious Sister of the Servite Order after the death of her husband, the Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria. The cause for her canonization was opened but to date has not advanced
1567 Anna of Saxony (1567–1613) a German noblewoman member of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach.
1569 Paul Sartorius (composer) a German composer and organist.
1584 Barbara Sophie of Brandenburg the daughter of the Catherine of Küstrin and Elector of Joachim Frederick of Brandenburg. She was married to Duke John Frederick of Württemberg and after his death guardian for their minor son, Duke Eberhard III of Württemberg
1603 Augustyn Kordecki a prior of the Jasna Góra Monastery, Poland.
1617 Frederick VI Margrave of Baden-Durlach the Margrave of Baden-Durlach from 1659 until his death.
1624 Barent Fabritius a Dutch painter.
1643 Jean Chardin regarded as one of the finest works of early Western scholarship on Persia and the Near East.
1684 Allen Bathurst 1st Earl Bathurst a British politician.
1715 Girolamo Abos a Maltese-Italian composer of both operas and church music.
1717 Jean le Rond d'Alembert a French mathematician, mechanician, physicist, philosopher, and music theorist. Until 1759 he was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. D'Alembert's formula for obtaining solutions to the wave equation is named after him. The wave equation is sometimes referred to as d'Alembert's equation
1720 Mateo de la Mata Ponce de León a Spanish colonial official in Peru. He was president of the Audiencia of Quito from 1691 to 1699. From March 2 to August 15, 1716 he served as interim viceroy of Peru
1720 Carlo Antonio Campioni an Italian composer, as well as a collector of early music.
1725 Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon Duke of Penthièvre the son of Louis Alexandre de Bourbon and his wife Marie Victoire de Noailles. He was also a grandson of Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. From birth he was known as the Duke of Penthièvre. He also possessed the following titles: Prince of Lamballe ; Prince of Carignano; Duke of Rambouillet; Duke of Aumale ; Duke of Gisors; Duke of Châteauvillain; Duke of Arc-en-Barrois; Duke of Amboise; Count of Eu; Count of Guingamp. He was the father in law of Philippe Égalité
1750 Edward Law 1st Baron Ellenborough an English judge. After serving as a Member of Parliament and Attorney General, he became Lord Chief Justice
1753 James McHenry an Irish-born American statesman. McHenry was a signer of the United States Constitution from Maryland and the namesake of Fort McHenry. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from Maryland, and the third United States Secretary of War , under the first and second presidents, George Washington, and John Adams
1755 Maximin Isnard a dealer in perfumery at Draguignan when he was elected deputy for the département of the Var to the Legislative Assembly, where he joined the Girondists.
1758 Peter Andreas Heiberg a Danish author and philologist. He was born in Vordingborg, Denmark. The Heiberg ancestry can be traced back to Norway, and has produced a long line of priests, headmasters and other learned men. Peter Andreas Heibergs father was the Norwegian-born headmaster of the grammar school in Vordingborg, Ludvig Heiberg, while his mother was Inger Margrethe, daughter of the vicar at the manor of Vemmetofte Peder Heiberg, a relative of Ludvig Heiberg, and Inger Hørning, who came from a family of wealthy Danish merchants
1768 Karađorđe Petrović OSA , known as Karađorđe , founded modern Serbia as the elected leader of the First Serbian Uprising that aimed at liberating Serbia from the Ottoman Empire ; he personally led armies against the Ottomans in several battles, which resulted in a short-lived state which he would administer as Grand Leader from 14 February 1804 to 21 September 1813, alongside the newly founded People's Assembly and the Governing Council, simulating a wholly functional state government in war-time.
1774 Georg von Cancrin a Russian aristocrat and politician best known for spearheading reforms in the Russian financial system early in the 19th century.
1795 Edward King Viscount Kingsborough an Irish antiquarian who sought to prove that the indigenous peoples of the Americas were a Lost Tribe of Israel. His principal contribution was in making available facsimiles of ancient documents and some of the earliest explorers' reports on Pre-Columbian ruins and Maya civilisation
1803 Heinrich Ewald a German orientalist, theologian, and Biblical exegete. He studied at the University of Göttingen. In 1827 he became extraordinary professor there, in 1831 ordinary professor of theology, and in 1835 professor of oriental languages. In 1837, as a member of the Göttingen Seven, he lost his position at Göttingen on account of his protest against King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover's abrogation of the liberal constitution, and became professor of theology at the University of Tübingen. In 1848, he returned to his old position at Göttingen. When Hanover was annexed by Prussia in 1866, Ewald became a defender of the rights of the ex-king. Among his chief works are: Complete Course on the Hebrew Language , The Poetical Books of the Old Testament , History of the People of Israel , and Antiquities of the People of Israel. Ewald represented the city of Hanover as a member of the Guelph faction in the North German and German Diets
1806 Mary Tyler Peabody Mann a teacher, author, mother, and wife of Horace Mann, American education reformer and politician.
1807 Jónas Hallgrímsson an Icelandic poet, author and naturalist. He was one of the founders of the Icelandic journal Fjölnir, which was first published in Copenhagen in 1835. The magazine was used by Jónas and his fellow Fjölnismenn to promote Icelandic nationalism, in the hope of giving impetus to the Icelandic Independence Movement. Jónas remains one of Iceland's most beloved poets, penning some of the best-known Icelandic poems about Iceland and its people
1807 Eduard von Fransecky Prussian general who served in the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-Prussian War.
1808 José Rufino Echenique President of Peru in 1851.
1809 Leopoldine Blahetka an Austrian pianist and composer.
1810 Karel Hynek Mácha a Czech romantic poet.
1810 Friedrich Wilhelm Kücken a German composer and conductor.
1811 John Bright a British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation and a promoter of free trade policies.
1813 Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel a Swiss politician from Lucerne, member of the Swiss Federal Council.
1816 Andrei Mureșanu a Romanian poet and revolutionary of Transylvania.
1819 Wilhelm Marr a German agitator and publicist, who popularized the term "antisemitism".
1822 Auguste Cain a noted French sculptor in the Animaliers school, known for his portrayals of wild and domesticated animals.
1827 Ottomar Gern a Russian fortification engineer. Gern was born to a Polish noble family of German origin in Vitebsk Governorate, Russia. He studied war engineering at school and later became a lecturer in the field of construction of fortifications
1830 Barnes Compton a planter and politician, born in Port Tobacco, Charles County, Maryland and orphaned as a child. In 1851, Compton took control of his numerous estates, becoming wealthy and the second largest slaveholder in Maryland. He was elected as a state representative before the Civil War and as speaker of the state house
1832 Paul Cérésole a Swiss politician, judge of the Supreme Court and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
1835 Eugenio Beltrami an Italian mathematician notable for his work concerning differential geometry and mathematical physics. His work was noted especially for clarity of exposition. He was the first to prove consistency of non-Euclidean geometry by modeling it on a surface of constant curvature, the pseudosphere, and in the interior of an n-dimensional unit sphere, the so-called Beltrami–Klein model. He also developed singular value decomposition for matrices, which has been subsequently rediscovered several times. Beltrami's use of differential calculus for problems of mathematical physics indirectly influenced development of tensor calculus by Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro and Tullio Levi-Civita
1836 Kalākaua the last reigning king of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. He reigned from February 12, 1874 until his death in San Francisco, California, on January 20, 1891
1839 Louis-Honoré Fréchette a Canadian poet, politician, playwright, and short story writer.
1841 Ferenc Kossuth a Hungarian civil engineer and politician.
1841 Jules Violle a French physicist and inventor.