Born on November 17

9 Vespasian Roman Emperor from AD 69 to AD 79. Vespasian founded the Flavian dynasty that ruled the Empire for twenty seven years. Vespasian was from an equestrian family that rose into the senatorial rank under the Julio–Claudian emperors. Although he fulfilled the standard succession of public offices, and held the consulship in AD 51, Vespasian's renown came from his military success: he was legate of Legio II Augusta during the Roman invasion of Britain in 43 and subjugated Judaea during the Jewish rebellion of 66
1433 Ferdinand Duke of Viseu the third son of Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon.
1453 Alfonso Prince of Asturias (1453–1468) the figurehead of rebelling magnates against his half brother Henry IV of Castile.
1503 Bronzino an Italian Mannerist painter from Florence. His sobriquet, Bronzino, in all probability refers to his relatively dark skin
1576 Roque González de Santa Cruz a Jesuit priest of Spanish descent, missionary among the Guarani people, in the Reductions of Paraguay. He was the son of Don Bartolomé González de Villaverde and Doña María de Santa Cruz who were Spanish nobles. Roque González spoke Guaraní fluently from an early age
1583 Archduke Maximilian Ernest of Austria a German prince member of the House of Habsburg and by birth Archduke of Austria.
1587 Joost van den Vondel a Dutch writer and playwright. He is considered the most prominent Dutch poet and playwright of the 17th century. His plays are the ones from that period that are still most frequently performed, and his epic Joannes de Boetgezant , on the life of John the Baptist, has been called the greatest Dutch epic
1607 Madeleine de Scudéry a French writer. She was the younger sister of author Georges de Scudéry
1612 Dorgon a Manchu prince and regent of the early Qing Dynasty.
1627 John George II Prince of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau from 1660 to 1693.
1645 Nicolas Lemery born at Rouen. He was one of the first to develop theories on acid-base chemistry
1666 Benedetto Luti an Italian painter.
1681 Pierre François le Courayer a French Catholic theological writer, for many years an expatriate in England.
1685 Pierre Gaultier de Varennes sieur de La Vérendrye a French Canadian military officer, fur trader and explorer. In the 1730s he and his four sons opened up the area west of Lake Superior and thus began the process that added Western Canada to the original New France in the Saint Lawrence basin. He was also the first European to reach North Dakota and the upper Missouri River. In the 1740s two of his sons crossed the prairie as far as Wyoming and were the first Europeans to see the Rocky Mountains north of New Mexico
1690 Noël-Nicolas Coypel a popular French artist.
1700 Frederick William Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt born 17 November 1700, Oranienbaum Castle near Dessau – and died 4 March 1771, Wildenbruch Castle. In his lifetime, from 1711 to 1771, he held the titles Prince in Prussia and Margrave of Brandenburg, with the style Royal Highness. He was made a knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. In the 19th century he was retrospectively known by the title Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, in order to differentiate his branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty. He was the second owner of the Prussian secundogeniture of Brandenburg-Schwedt. His parents were Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, and Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau. He was the nephew of King Frederick I of Prussia
1718 Aleksandr Mikhailovich Golitsyn a Russian prince of the Galitzine and field marshal. He was the governor of Saint Petersburg in 1780 to 1783
1727 Pierre-Laurent Buirette de Belloy a French dramatist and actor.
1729 Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain an Infanta of Spain and the youngest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese. She was the wife of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia whom she married in 1750. She was the mother of the last three mainline Kings of Sardinia
1749 Nicolas Appert the French inventor of airtight food preservation. Appert, known as the "father of canning", was a confectioner
1753 Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg a German American clergyman and botanist.
1755 Louis XVIII of France a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1814 to 1824 except for a period in 1815 known as the Hundred Days. Louis XVIII spent twenty-three years in exile, from 1791 to 1814, during the French Revolution and the First French Empire, and again in 1815, during the period of the Hundred Days, upon the return of Napoleon I from Elba
1762 Jean-Barthélemot Sorbier a French general of the Napoleonic Wars.
1764 Princess Maria Carolina of Savoy a Princess of Savoy from her birth. She was the youngest daughter of the future Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and married in 1781 to the Electoral Prince of Saxony. She died of Smallpox aged eighteen
1764 Louis Gustave le Doulcet comte de Pontécoulant a French politician. He was the father of Louis Adolphe le Doulcet and Philippe Gustave le Doulcet
1765 Jacques MacDonald a Marshal of France and military leader during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
1769 Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and a Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz by birth and a member of the House of Saxe-Hildburghausen and Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen through her marriage to Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
1776 Friedrich Christoph Schlosser a German historian.
1780 Peter Oluf Brøndsted Danish archaeologist and traveller.
1787 Michele Carafa an Italian opera composer. He was born in Naples and studied in Paris with Luigi Cherubini. He was Professor of counterpoint at the Paris Conservatoire from 1840 to 1858. One of his notable pupils was Achille Peri
1787 Karl Ernst Wilhelm von Canitz und Dallwitz a Prussian general and statesman.
1788 Mikhail Shchepkin the most famous Russian Empire actor of the 19th century.
1790 August Ferdinand Möbius a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer.
1793 Charles Lock Eastlake an English painter, gallery director, collector and writer of the early 19th century.
1809 Elizabeth Eastlake a British author, art critic and art historian who was the first woman to write regularly for the Quarterly Review. She is known not only for her writing, but also for her significant role in the London art world while her husband, Sir Charles Eastlake, was director of the National Gallery there
1813 Charles Blanc a French art critic, the younger brother of the French socialist politician and historian Louis Blanc. After the February Revolution of 1848, he was director of the Department for the Visual Arts at the Ministry of the Interior. As director of the École des Beaux-Arts he reinstituted a program of copying from casts after the antique and commissioned a series of copies of Old Masters for a projected "Musée des copies" that was objected to by the school's overseers, who cashiered Blanc
1814 François-Louis Français born at Plombières-les-Bains , and, on attaining the age of fifteen, was placed as office-boy with a bookseller.
1816 August Wilhelm Ambros an Austrian composer and music historian of Czech descent.
1827 Petko Slaveykov a noted nineteenth-century Bulgarian poet, publicist, public figure and folklorist.
1830 Pyotr Yefremov a Russian literary historian, publisher, editor and essayist whose works were published regularly by Sovremennik , Otechestvennye Zapiski, Russky Arkhiv, Russkaya Starina, Istorichesky Vestnik, newspapers Golos, Novoye Vremya, Russkiye Vedomosti. In 1864-1865 he edited the Knizhny Vestnik magazine. Praised as one of the most competent literary scholars of the 19th century, Pyotr Yefremov compiled, edited and published the series of The Works of: D.I.Fonvizin , V.I.Maykov , A.D.Kantemir , Vladimir Lukin , Bogdan Yelchaninov , A.N.Radishchev , K.F.Ryleyev , M.Yu.Lermontov , V.A.Zhukovsky , A.S.Pushkin , A.I.Polezhayev. He is credited with having discovered, published and written analytical essays on numerous hitherto unknown autographs by classics like Pushkin, Ryleyev, Lermontov, Radishchev, Fonvizin, Zhukovsky
1834 María Amparo Muñoz 1st Countess of Vista Alegre the daughter of Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, queen dowager and regent of Spain, and her morganatic second husband, Agustín Fernando Muñoz. Her full title was María de los Desamparados Muñoz y de Borbón, condesa de Vista Alegre
1834 Hugo Knorr a Prussian and German painter and teacher of art, specializing in landscape and marine art.
1835 Andrew L. Harris one of the heroes of the Battle of Gettysburg and the last Civil War general to serve as a governor in the U.S., serving as the 44th Governor of Ohio.
1845 Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen a Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, later simply of Hohenzollern, and mother of King Albert I of Belgium.
1849 Edward Hore a sailor from the Great Britain, who represented country at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. Hore took the gold in the second race of the 3 to 10 ton and a Bronze in the 10 to 20 ton
1852 Eugène Mougin a French competitor in the sport of archery. Mougin competed in one event, winning the 50 metre Au Chapelet competition. He is now considered by the International Olympic Committee to have won a gold medal. No scores are known from that competition
1854 Hubert Lyautey a French Army general and colonial administrator. After serving in Indochina and Madagascar, he became the first French Resident-General in Morocco from 1912 to 1925. Early in 1917 he served briefly as Minister of War. From 1921 he was a Marshal of France. He was dubbed the Maker of Morocco and the French empire builder, and in 1931 made the cover of Time
1854 Platon Karsavin a dancer with the Russian Imperial Ballet in St Petersburg, and afterwards a teacher of dance.
1854 Robert Louis August Maximilian Gürke a German botanist. He usually appears in the literature as Max Gürke
1857 Joseph Babinski a French neurologist of Polish descent. He is best known for his 1896 description of the Babinski sign, a pathological plantar reflex indicative of corticospinal tract damage