November 17 events in history

474 Emperor Leo II dies after a reign of ten months. He is succeeded by his father Zeno, who becomes sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire
794 Japanese Emperor Kanmu changes his residence from Nara to Kyoto
1183 The Battle of Mizushima
1292 John Balliol becomes King of Scotland
1405 Sharif ul-Hāshim establishes the Sultanate of Sulu
1511 Henry VIII of England concluded the Treaty of Westminster, a pledge of mutual aid against the French, with Ferdinand II of Aragon
1558 Elizabethan era begins: Queen Mary I of England dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England
1603 English explorer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason
1659 The Treaty of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain
1777 Articles of Confederation (United States) are submitted to the states for ratification
1796 French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of the Bridge of Arcole: French forces defeat the Austrians in Italy
1800 The United States Congress holds its first session in Washington, D.C
1810 Sweden declares war on its ally the United Kingdom to begin the Anglo-Swedish War, although no fighting ever takes place
1811 José Miguel Carrera, Chilean founding father, is sworn in as President of the executive Junta of the government of Chile
1820 Captain Nathaniel Palmer becomes the first American to see Antarctica. (The Palmer Peninsula is later named after him.)
1831 Ecuador and Venezuela are separated from Gran Colombia
1839 Oberto, Giuseppe Verdi's first opera, opens at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy
1855 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see the Victoria Falls in what is now present-day Zambia-Zimbabwe
1856 American Old West: On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase
1858 Modified Julian Day zero
1863 American Civil War: Siege of Knoxville begins – Confederate forces led by General James Longstreet place Knoxville, Tennessee, under siege
1869 In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is inaugurated
1871 The National Rifle Association is granted a charter by the state of New York
1876 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's "Slavonic March" is given its premiere performance in Moscow, Russia
1878 First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy by anarchist Giovanni Passannante, who was armed with a dagger. The King survived with a slight wound in an arm. Prime Minister Benedetto Cairoli blocked the aggressor, receiving an injury in a leg
1885 Serbo-Bulgarian War: The decisive Battle of Slivnitsa begins
1896 The Western Pennsylvania Hockey League, which later became the first ice hockey league to openly trade and hire players, began play at Pittsburgh's Schenley Park Casino
1903 The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party splits into two groups: The Bolsheviks (Russian for "majority") and Mensheviks (Russian for "minority")
1911 Omega Psi Phi Fraternity Incorporated, which is the first black Greek-lettered organization founded at an American historically black college or university, was founded on the campus of Howard University in Washington, D.C
1922 Former Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI goes into exile in Italy
1933 United States recognizes Soviet Union
1939 Nine Czech students are executed as a response to anti-Nazi demonstrations prompted by the death of Jan Opletal. In addition, all Czech universities are shut down and over 1200 Czech students sent to concentration camps. Since this event, International Students' Day is celebrated in many countries, especially in the Czech Republic
1947 The Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath
1947 American scientists John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain observe the basic principles of the transistor, a key element for the electronics revolution of the 20th century
1950 Lhamo Dondrub is officially named the 14th Dalai Lama
1953 The remaining human inhabitants of the Blasket Islands, Kerry, Ireland, are evacuated to the mainland
1957 Vickers Viscount G-AOHP of British European Airways crashes at Ballerup after the failure of three engines on approach to Copenhagen Airport. The cause is a malfunction of the anti-icing system on the aircraft
1962 President John F. Kennedy dedicates Washington Dulles International Airport, serving the Washington, D.C., region
1967 Vietnam War: Acting on optimistic reports that he had been given on November 13, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson tells the nation that, while much remained to be done, "We are inflicting greater losses than we're taking...We are making progress."
1968 Alexandros Panagoulis is condemned to death for attempting to assassinate Greek dictator Georgios Papadopoulos
1968 British European Airways introduces the BAC One-Eleven into commercial service
1968 Viewers of the Raiders–Jets football game in the eastern United States are denied the opportunity to watch its exciting finish when NBC broadcasts Heidi instead, prompting changes to sports broadcasting in the U.S
1969 Cold War: Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States meet in Helsinki, Finland to begin SALT I negotiations aimed at limiting the number of strategic weapons on both sides
1970 Vietnam War: Lieutenant William Calley goes on trial for the My Lai Massacre
1970 Luna programme: The Soviet Union lands Lunokhod 1 on Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) on the Moon. This is the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another world and is released by the orbiting Luna 17 spacecraft
1973 Watergate scandal: In Orlando, Florida, U.S. President Richard Nixon tells 400 Associated Press managing editors "I am not a crook."
1973 The Athens Polytechnic uprising against the military regime ends in a bloodshed in the Greek capital
1979 Brisbane Suburban Railway Electrification. The first stage from Ferny Grove to Darra is commissioned
1982 Duk Koo Kim dies from injuries sustained during a 14-round match against Ray Mancini in Las Vegas, prompting reforms in the sport of boxing
1983 The Zapatista Army of National Liberation is founded in Mexico