Died on November 18

942 Odo of Cluny the second abbot of Cluny. He enacted various reforms in the Cluniac system of France and Italy. He is venerated as a Saint by the Catholic Church and his feast day is 18 November
1154 Adelaide of Maurienne the second spouse but first Queen consort of Louis VI of France.
1170 Albert the Bear the first Margrave of Brandenburg from 1157 to his death and was briefly Duke of Saxony between 1138 and 1142.
1305 John II Duke of Brittany 3rd Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany from 1268 to his death. He was son of Duke John I and Blanche of Navarre. Also during this time, there is the dual use of "of Brittany" and "de Bretagne", the French translation
1313 Constance of Portugal a Portuguese infanta , daughter of King Denis of Portugal and his wife Saint Elizabeth of Aragon. She was born on January 3, 1290 and became Queen consort of Castile when she married King Ferdinand IV of Castile
1330 Werner von Orseln the 17th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, serving from 1324 to 1330.
1349 Frederick II Margrave of Meissen the Serious , Margrave of Meissen, son of Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen and Elisabeth von Lobdeburg-Arnshaugk.
1463 John IV Duke of Bavaria duke of Bavaria-Munich from 1460 until his death.
1472 Basilios Bessarion one of the illustrious Greek scholars who contributed to the great revival of letters in the 15th century. He has been mistakenly known also as Johannes Bessarion due to an erroneous interpretation of Gregory III Mammas
1482 Gedik Ahmed Pasha an Ottoman statesman and admiral who served as Grand Vizier and Kapudan Pasha during the reigns of sultans Mehmed II and Bayezid II.
1559 Cuthbert Tunstall an English Scholastic, church leader, diplomat, administrator and royal adviser. He served as Prince-Bishop of Durham during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I
1575 Joannes Aurifaber (Vimariensis) a Lutheran churchman and theologian. Owing to a similarly-named contemporary, he is sometimes distinguished by the cognomen Vimariensis or Vinariensis
1590 George Talbot 6th Earl of Shrewsbury an English magnate and military commander.
1630 Esaias van de Velde a Dutch landscape painter.
1664 Miklós Zrínyi a Croatian and Hungarian military leader, statesman and poet. He was a member of the House of Zrinski , a Croatian-Hungarian noble family. He is the author of the first epic poem in Hungarian literature
1678 Giovanni Maria Bononcini an Italian violinist and composer, the father of a musical dynasty.
1683 Innocent Gizel a Prussian-born historian, writer, political and ecclesiastic figure, who had adopted Orthodox Christianity and made substantional contribution to Russian and Ukrainian culture.
1683 Louis Count of Vermandois the eldest surviving son of Louis XIV of France and his mistress Louise de La Vallière.
1689 Jacob van der Ulft a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter, architect, and mayor.
1692 Robert Holmes (Royal Navy officer) an English Admiral of the Restoration Navy. He took part in the second and third Anglo-Dutch wars, both of which he is, by some, credited with having started. He was made governor of the Isle of Wight, where he is buried in Yarmouth parish church. Holmes is chiefly remembered for his exploits on the cruise to Guinea for the Royal African Company, and for the so-called Holmes's Bonfire of 1666. He is regarded as an archetypal figure both of the quarrelsome restoration officer and of the coming into being of the British professional naval officer
1720 Calico Jack an English pirate captain operating in the Bahamas and in Cuba during the early 18th century. His nickname derived from the calico clothing he wore, while Jack is a diminutive of "John."
1724 Bartolomeu de Gusmão a Brazilian priest and naturalist, noted for his early work on lighter-than-air airship design.
1744 Carlo Bartolomeo Rastrelli an Italian sculptor and architect. Born in Italy, he moved in 1716 to Russia, where he worked until his death. His most famous works include the Monument to Peter I and a wax figure and several busts of Peter the Great. His son Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli became a prominent architect in Russia
1771 Giuseppe de Majo an Italian composer and organist. He was the father of the composer Gian Francesco de Majo. His compositional output consists of 10 operas, an oratorio, a concerto for 2 violins, and a considerable amount of sacred music
1772 Madhavrao I fourth Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. Under his peshwaship, Maratha power recovered from the losses suffered during the Panipat Campaign, a phenomenon known as "Maratha Resurrection". He is considered one of the greatest personalities of the Maratha history
1785 Louis Philippe I Duke of Orléans a French prince, a member of a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, the dynasty then ruling France. The First Prince of the Blood after 1752, he was the most senior male at the French court after the immediate royal family. He was the father of Philippe Égalité. He greatly augmented the already huge wealth of the House of Orléans
1794 Jacques François Dugommier a French general.
1797 Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat one of the most important shipbuilders and merchants of the port of Bordeaux in the late 18th century. His son, André-Daniel Laffon de Ladebat , succeeded him, then became involved in politics in the French Revolution in 1789
1806 Claude Nicolas Ledoux one of the earliest exponents of French Neoclassical architecture. He used his knowledge of architectural theory to design not only in domestic architecture but town planning; as a consequence of his visionary plan for the Ideal City of Chaux, he became known as a utopian. His greatest works were funded by the French monarchy and came to be perceived as symbols of the Ancien Régime rather than Utopia. The French Revolution hampered his career; much of his work was destroyed in the nineteenth century. In 1804, he published a collection of his designs under the title "Architecture considered in relation to art, morals, and legislation." In this book he took the opportunity of revising his earlier designs, making them more rigorously neoclassical and up to date. This revision has distorted an accurate assessment of his role in the evolution of Neoclassical architecture. His most ambitious work was the uncompleted Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans, an idealistic and visionary town showing many examples of architecture parlante. Conversely his works and commissions also included the more mundane and everyday architecture such as approximately sixty elaborate toll gates in the Wall of the Farmers-General around Paris
1814 William Jessop an English civil engineer, best known for his work on canals, harbours and early railways in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
1814 Aleijadinho a Colonial Brazil-born sculptor and architect, noted for his works on and in various churches of Brazil.
1821 Johann Jacob Schweppe a German-born naturalised Swiss watchmaker and amateur scientist who developed the first practical process to manufacture carbonated mineral water, based on a process discovered by Joseph Priestley in 1770.
1822 Anton Teyber an Austrian organist, Kapellmeister and composer.
1823 Jean-Nicolas Pache a French politician who served as Mayor of Paris from 1793 to 1794.
1827 Wilhelm Hauff a German poet and novelist.
1828 Ippolito Pindemonte an Italian poet. He was educated at the Collegio di San Carlo in Modena, but otherwise spent most of his life in Verona
1830 Adam Weishaupt a German philosopher and founder of the secret society, the Order of the Illuminati.
1830 Franco Andrea Bonelli an Italian ornithologist, entomologist and collector.
1840 Nicolas Léonard Beker or Nicolas Léonard Becker or Nicolas Léonard Bagert, born 18 January 1770 – died 18 November 1840, joined the French army as a dragoon before the French Revolutionary Wars and rose in rank to become a general officer. In 1800 he married the sister of Louis Desaix, who was killed at the Battle of Marengo. He led an infantry brigade in the 1805 campaign and commanded a dragoon division in 1806 and 1807. In 1809 he became chief of staff to Marshal André Masséna but ran afoul of Emperor Napoleon and was banished from the army for several years
1841 Agustín Gamarra a Peruvian soldier and politician, becoming twice President of Peru from 1829 to 1833 and from 1839 to 1841.
1843 Armand Beauvais a Justice of the Peace, a Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives, Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives, President of the Louisiana Senate and the seventh Governor of Louisiana.
1844 Gore Ouseley a British entrepreneur, linguist and diplomat. He was born in 1770 and died at Hall Barn Park, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire in 1844. He negotiated an important treaty between Russia and Persia in 1813 which redrew their common borders
1844 José Rondeau a general and politician in Argentina and Uruguay in the early 19th century.
1851 Ernest Augustus I of Hanover King of Hanover from 20 June 1837 until his death. He was the fifth son and eighth child of George III, who reigned in both the United Kingdom and Hanover. As a fifth son, initially Ernest seemed unlikely to become a monarch, but Salic Law, which barred women from the succession, applied in Hanover and none of his older brothers had legitimate male issue. Therefore, he became King of Hanover when his niece, Victoria, became Queen of the United Kingdom, ending the personal union between Britain and Hanover that had existed since 1714
1852 Rose Philippine Duchesne R.S.C.J. was a French Religious Sister and educator. Along with the foundress, Madeleine-Sophie Barat, she was a prominent early member of the Religious Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and founded the congregation's first communities in the United States. She spent the last half of her life teaching and serving the people of the Midwestern United States, then the western frontier of the nation
1852 Anton Bernhard Fürstenau a German flutist and composer. He was the most famous virtuoso in Germany on his instrument and the most important Romantic flutist of the first half of the nineteenth century. His son Moritz Fürstenau , whom he later sent to study with Theobald Boehm in Munich, was one of his numerous students. Skeptical as for the technical advancements of the flute, he remained faithful to the nine key flute until his death
1856 Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov a Russian prince and field-marshal, renowned for his success in the Napoleonic wars, and most famous for his participation in the Caucasian War from 1844 to 1853.
1857 John Fleming (naturalist) a Scottish minister, naturalist, zoologist and geologist. He named and described a number of species of molluscs. He was born near Bathgate in Linlithgowshire and died in Edinburgh. During his life he tried to reconcile theology with science
1863 August Beer a German physicist, chemist, and mathematician. Beer was born in Trier, where he studied mathematics and natural sciences. Beer was educated at the technical school and gymnasium of his native town until 1845, when he went to Bonn to study mathematics and the sciences under the mathematician and physicist Julius Plücker, whose assistant he became later. In 1848 he won the prize for his essay, "De Situ Axium Opticorum in Crystallis Biaxibus," and obtained the degree of Ph.D. Two years later he was appointed lecturer at the University of Bonn
1868 José Tadeo Monagas President of Venezuela 1847–1851 and 1855–1858, and a hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence. Monagas was one of the most unpopular presidents in Venezuelan history, distinguished by his nepotist and favoritism-bound policies, his disregard for laws passed by Congress when he disagreed with them, and the amount of power he attributed to the Executive branch. During his second term, he arranged for a new Constitution which would grant him further powers. The administration he set up would eventually lead to a constitutional crisis