Died on November 19

496 Pope Gelasius I Pope from 1 March 492 to his death in 496. He was probably the third and last Bishop of Rome of North African berber origin in the Catholic Church. Gelasius was a prolific writer whose style placed him on the cusp between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. Gelasius had been closely employed by his predecessor Felix III, especially in drafting papal documents. His ministry was characterized by a call for strict orthodoxy, a more assertive push for papal authority, and increasing tension between the churches in the West and the East
1034 Theodoric II Margrave of Lower Lusatia born 989 and died on 19 November 1034. He was a son of Dedo of Merseburg and Thietberga of Nordmark and married Mathilde of Meissen
1092 Malik-Shah I succeeded his father, Alp Arslan, as the Sultan of the Seljuk Empire in 1072, and reigned until his death in 1092.
1190 Baldwin of Forde Archbishop of Canterbury between 1185 and 1190. The son of a clergyman, he studied canon law and theology at Bologna and was tutor to Pope Eugene III's nephew before returning to England to serve successive bishops of Exeter. After becoming a Cistercian monk he was named abbot of his monastery, and subsequently elected to the episcopate at Worcester. Before becoming a bishop, he wrote theological works and sermons, some of which have survived
1492 Jami commonly known as Jami , is known for his achievements as a scholar, mystic, writer, composer of numerous lyrics and idylls, historian, and the greatest Persian and Tajik Sufi poets of the 15th century. Jami was primarily an outstanding poet-theologian of the school of Ibn Arabi and a prominent Khwājagānī Sũfī. He was recognized for his eloquent tongue and ready at repartee who analyzed the idea of the metaphysics of mercy. Among his famous poetical works are: Haft Awrang, Tuhfat al-Ahrar, Layla wa -Majnun, Fatihat al-Shabab, Lawa'ih, Al-Durrah al-Fakhirah
1515 Claudine Lady of Monaco Lady regnant of Monaco between 1457 and 1458, and then Lady consort of Monaco as spouse of Lord Lambert of Monaco.
1557 Bona Sforza a member of the powerful House of Sforza, which ruled the Duchy of Milan since 1447. In 1518, she became the second wife of Sigismund I the Old, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. Their marriage lasted 30 years until Sigismund's death in 1548. Ambitious and energetic, Bona became heavily involved in the political life of Poland–Lithuania. To increase state revenue, she implemented various economic and agricultural reforms, including the far-reaching Wallach Reform in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Her reforms made her the richest landowner in the Grand Duchy. In foreign policy, she opposed the Habsburgs and sought to secure her youngest daughter Isabella Jagiellon in the Kingdom of Hungary
1557 Maria de' Medici (1540–1557) the eldest daughter of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo. She was a member of the famous Medici family
1577 Matsunaga Hisahide a daimyo of Japan following the Sengoku period of the 16th century.
1581 Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich of Russia Tsarevich - the heir apparent - of the Tsardom of Russia, being the second son of Ivan the Terrible and Anastasia Romanovna, and elder brother of Feodor.
1630 Johann Schein a German composer of the early Baroque era. He was born in Grünhain and died in Leipzig. He was one of the first to import the early Italian stylistic innovations into German music, and was one of the most polished composers of the period
1640 Krzysztof Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble , and a notable magnate, politician and military commander of his epoch. Sometimes referred to as Krzysztof Radziwiłł II, to distinguish him from his father, Krzysztof Mikołaj 'Piorun' Radziwłł
1649 Piotr Zbylitowski a Polish poet. Courtier of Stanisław Górka and Stanisław Czarnkowski. In his satirical dialogues—Rozmowa szlachcica polskiego z cudzoziemcem , Przygana wymyślnym strojom białogłowskim , Schadzka ziemiańska —he often criticizes some customs of the Polish nobility, mainly drunkenness, quietism, luxury and disappearance of knight's spirit. He was a first cousin of Andrzej Zbylitowski
1649 Caspar Schoppe a German controversialist and scholar.
1665 Nicolas Poussin the leading painter of the classical French Baroque style, although he spent most of his working life in Rome. His work is characterized by clarity, logic, and order, and favors line over color. Until the 20th century he remained a major inspiration for such classically oriented artists as Jacques-Louis David, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres and Paul Cézanne
1672 Franciscus Sylvius a Dutch physician and scientist who was an early champion of Descartes', Van Helmont's and William Harvey's work and theories. He was one of the earliest defenders of the theory of circulation of the blood in the Netherlands
1672 John Wilkins an English clergyman, natural philosopher and author, as well as one of the founders of the Royal Society. He was Bishop of Chester from 1668 until his death
1692 Thomas Shadwell an English poet and playwright who was appointed poet laureate in 1689.
1698 Petro Doroshenko a Cossack political and military leader, Hetman of Right-bank Ukraine and a Russian voyevoda.
1700 Michał Franciszek Sapieha a Polish-Lithuanian magnate of the Sapieha family, Koniuszy of Lithuania, and a general of Lithuanian and Russian armies.
1723 Antoine Nompar de Caumont a French courtier and soldier. He was the only love interest of the "greatest heiress in Europe", Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier, cousin of Louis XIV
1728 Leopold Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen. Today, he is probably best remembered for employing Johann Sebastian Bach as his Kapellmeister between 1717 and 1723
1749 Carl Heinrich Biber a late Baroque violinist and composer.
1761 Noël-Antoine Pluche a French priest. He is now known for his Spectacle de la nature, a most popular work of natural history
1770 François-Augustin de Paradis de Moncrif a French writer and poet, of a family originally of Scots origin. He was appointed royal historiographer to Louis XV of France. His parody of owlishly pedantic scholarship, Histoire des chats, and the protection of the house of Orléans gained him entry to the Académie française. Maurepas records in his memoirs that at the induction ceremony, a member let loose a cat he had secreted in his pocket: the cat miaowed, the Académiciens miaowed and the serious oration dissolved in laughter
1772 William Nelson (governor) an American planter and colonial leader from Yorktown, Virginia. In the interim between the royal governors Norborne Berkeley and Lord Dunmore, he served as governor of colonial Virginia in 1770 and 1771
1773 James FitzGerald 1st Duke of Leinster Lieutenant-General James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, etc. PC , styled Lord Offaly until 1744 and known as The Earl of Kildare between 1744 and 1761 and as The Marquess of Kildare between 1761 and 1766, was an Irish nobleman, soldier and politician
1782 Princess Maria Christina of Saxony (1735–1782) a Princess of Saxony and later Abbess of Remiremont.
1783 Jean-Baptiste Perronneau a French painter who specialized in portraits executed in pastels.
1785 Bernard de Bury a French musician and court composer of the late Baroque era.
1789 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1738–1789) the second but eldest surviving daughter of Maria Theresa, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor.
1795 Thomas Linley the elder born in Badminton, Gloucestershire, and studied music in Bath, where he settled as a singing-master and conductor of the concerts.
1798 Wolfe Tone regarded as the father of Irish republicanism. He was captured by British forces at Lough Swilly in Donegal and taken prisoner. Before he was to be executed, it is believed that Wolfe Tone attempted suicide. He subsequently died from mortal wounds eight days afterwards, thus avoiding being hanged as a convicted traitor to the British Crown for his involvement in the 1798 Irish Rebellion
1804 Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi an Italian opera composer.
1806 Shah Alam II the son of the murdered Alamgir He escaped to Allahabad in December 1759 and later successfully defended the throne from the traitorous Imad-ul-Mulk, who appointed Shah Jahan III as the emperor. Later, he was nominated as the emperor by Ahmad Shah Durrani after the Third Battle of Panipat
1822 Johann Georg Tralles a German mathematician and physicist.
1823 Alvin Smith (brother of Joseph Smith) the eldest brother of Joseph Smith, Jr., the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. Alvin took a leading role in helping the Smith family work toward paying their debts and building their home. His death at age 25 resulted in his younger brother Joseph taking more of a leading role in family affairs. A vision claimed by Joseph Smith is said to have included Alvin and played a significant role in the establishment of the Mormon doctrines of redemption of those who die without a knowledge of the gospel and baptism of the dead
1825 Jan Václav Voříšek a Bohemian composer, pianist and organist.
1828 Franz Schubert an Austrian composer.
1835 Pyotr Pakhtusov a Russian surveyor and Arctic explorer. He is credited with the first thorough survey of Novaya Zemlya
1850 Richard Mentor Johnson the ninth Vice President of the United States, serving in the administration of Martin Van Buren. He is the only vice president ever elected by the United States Senate under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment. Johnson also represented Kentucky in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate; he began and ended his political career in the Kentucky House of Representatives
1855 Mihály Vörösmarty an important Hungarian poet and dramatist.
1855 Armand Joseph Bruat a French admiral.
1868 Ivane Andronikashvili a Georgian noble and general in the Imperial Russian service.
1871 Nathan Kelley a United States architect and builder. He was a prolific architect whose designs dominated the cityscape of Columbus, Ohio at the middle of the 19th century
1878 Abraham Dob Bär Lebensohn a Lithuanian Jewish Hebraist, poet, and grammarian.
1878 Therese Elssler a dancer.
1879 Ryszard Wincenty Berwiński a noted Polish poet, translator, folklorist, and nationalist.
1883 Carl Wilhelm Siemens a German-born engineer who for most of his life worked in Britain and later became a British subject.
1885 William Benjamin Carpenter an English physician, invertebrate zoologist and physiologist. He was instrumental in the early stages of the unified University of London