Died on November 20

284 Numerian Roman Emperor from 282 to 284 with his older brother Carinus. They were sons of Carus, a general raised to the office of praetorian prefect under Emperor Probus in 282
811 Li Fan (Tang dynasty) an official of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, serving as a chancellor during the reign of Emperor Xianzong.
842 Gregory of Dekapolis a 9th-century Byzantine monk, notable for his miracle-working and his travels across the Byzantine world. He is known as "the New Miracle-Worker" , and his feast day in the Eastern Orthodox Church is on November 20
869 Edmund the Martyr king of East Anglia from about 855 until his death.
996 Richard I Duke of Normandy the Duke of Normandy from 942 to 996. Dudo of Saint-Quentin, whom Richard commissioned to write his De moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum , called him a dux, but this use of the word may have been in the context of Richard's leadership in war, and not a reference to a title of nobility. Richard either introduced feudalism into Normandy, or he greatly expanded By the end of his reign, most important landholders held their lands in feudal tenure
1008 Geoffrey I Duke of Brittany the eldest son of Duke Conan I of Brittany. He was Count of Rennes , by right of succession. In 992 he assumed the title of Duke of Brittany, which had long been an independent state, but he had little control over much of Lower Brittany
1022 Bernward of Hildesheim the thirteenth Bishop of Hildesheim from 993 until his death in 1022.
1084 Otto II Marquess of Montferrat the Margrave of Montferrat from 1042 until his death. He was a member of the Aleramid dynasty
1314 Albert II Margrave of Meissen a Margrave of Meissen, Landgrave of Thuringia and Count Palatine of Saxony. He was a member of the House of Wettin
1316 John I of France a Capetian King of France and Navarre, and Count of Champagne, as the posthumous son and successor of Louis the Quarreler, for the five days he lived. He thus had the shortest undisputed recognized reign of any French king. The son of Louis the Quarreler and Clementia of Hungary, sister of Charles I of Hungary, he is the only person to be King of France since birth, and thus, the youngest King of France and the only person to have been King of France during his entire lifetime
1437 Thomas Langley an English prelate who held high ecclesiastical and political offices in the early to mid-1400s. He was Dean of York, Bishop of Durham, twice Lord Chancellor of England to three kings, and a Pseudocardinal. In turn Keeper of the King's signet and Keeper of the Privy Seal before becoming de facto England's first Foreign Secretary. He was the second longest serving Chancellor of the Middle Ages
1503 Magnus II Duke of Mecklenburg duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1477 until his death.
1518 Pierre de la Rue a Franco-Flemish composer and singer of the Renaissance. His name also appears as Piersson or variants of Pierchon and his toponymic, when present, as various forms of de Platea, de Robore, or de Vico. A member of the same generation as Josquin des Prez, and a long associate of the Habsburg-Burgundian musical chapel, he ranks with Agricola, Brumel, Compère, Isaac, Obrecht, and Weerbeke as one of the most famous and influential composers in the Netherlands polyphonic style in the decades around 1500
1559 Frances Grey Duchess of Suffolk the second child and eldest daughter of King Henry VIII's sister Mary and Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk. She was the mother of Lady Jane Grey
1562 Giovanni de' Medici (cardinal) an Italian cardinal.
1591 Christopher Hatton an English politician, Lord Chancellor of England and a favourite of Elizabeth I of England.
1603 Krzysztof Mikołaj "the Thunderbolt" Radziwiłł a Reichsfürst of the Holy Roman Empire and a member of the nobility of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1612 John Harington (writer) a courtier, author and master of art, popularly known as the inventor of the flush toilet. He became a prominent member of Queen Elizabeth I's court, and was known as her "saucy Godson". But because of his poetry and other writings, he fell in and out of favour with the Queen
1616 Matsumae Yoshihiro a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period through early Edo period who was the daimyo of Ezochi. Yoshihiro built Matsumae Castle also known as Fukuyama Castle
1650 Jan Mikołaj Daniłowicz a Polish-Lithuanian noble and politician. Crown Podstoli from 1620, Crown Court Treasurer from 1627, and from 1632, Grand Crown Treasurer
1651 Mikołaj Potocki a Polish nobleman, magnate and Field Crown Hetman of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1637 to 1646, Grand Hetman of the Crown from 1646 to 1651, voivode of Bracław Voivodeship from 1636, from 1646 Castellan of Kraków.
1662 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria an Austrian military commander, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1647 to 1656, and a patron of the arts.
1678 Karel Dujardin a Dutch Golden Age painter. Although he did a few portraits and a few history paintings of religious subjects, most of his work is small Italianate landscape scenes with animals and peasants, and other genre scenes. Dujardin spent two extended periods, at the beginning and end of his career, in Italy, and most of his paintings and landscape etchings have an Italian or Italianate setting
1695 Zumbi the last of the leaders of the Quilombo dos Palmares, a fugitive settlement in the present-day state of Alagoas, Brazil.
1704 Charles Plumier named. Plumier is considered one of the most important of the botanical explorers of his time. He made three botanizing expeditions to the West Indies, which resulted in a massive work Nova Plantarum Americanarum Genera and was appointed botanist to king Louis XIV of France
1722 John Lombe a silk spinner in the 18th century Derby, England.
1737 Caroline of Ansbach queen of Great Britain as the wife of King George II.
1742 Melchior de Polignac a French diplomat, Roman Catholic cardinal and neo-Latin poet.
1750 Maurice de Saxe a Saxon soldier in French service who became a Marshal and later also Marshal General of France.
1758 Johan Helmich Roman a Swedish Baroque composer. He has been called "the father of Swedish music" or "the Swedish Handel." He was the leader of Swedish Opera through most of Swedish Opera's Age of Liberty
1764 Christian Goldbach a German mathematician who also studied law. He is remembered today for Goldbach's conjecture
1778 Francesco Cetti an Italian Jesuit priest, zoologist and mathematician.
1783 Karl Friedrich Abt an early German actor.
1827 Alexey Nikolayevich Titov a Russian composer and violinist.
1830 Gustav von Ewers a German legal historian and the founder of Russian legal history as a scholarly discipline.
1847 William II Elector of Hesse the penultimate Elector of Hesse.
1852 Omar Ali Saifuddin II the 23rd Sultan of Brunei.
1856 Farkas Bolyai a Hungarian mathematician, mainly known for his work in geometry.
1859 Mountstuart Elphinstone a Scottish statesman and historian, associated with the government of British India. He later became the Governor of Bombay where he is credited with the opening of several educational institutions accessible to the Indian population. Besides being a noted administrator, he wrote books on India and Afghanistan
1861 Pierre Frédéric Sarrus a French mathematician.
1863 James Bruce 8th Earl of Elgin a British colonial administrator and diplomat. He was the Governor General of the Province of Canada, a High Commissioner in charge of opening trades with China and Japan, and Viceroy of India. As British High Commissioner in China during the Second Opium War, in 1860 he ordered the destruction of the Old Summer Palace in Beijing in retaliation for the imprisonment, torture, and execution of almost twenty European and Indian prisoners
1864 Albert Newsam an American artist. Born deaf-mute and based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he created paintings and drawings, including portraits
1865 Carlo Vittadini an Italian doctor and mycologist.
1866 Otto Karl Berg a German botanist and pharmacist. The official abbreviation of his name, in botany, is Berg
1874 Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria the second son of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen and Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg, and the maternal grandfather of King Alfonso XIII of Spain.
1875 Francis V Duke of Modena Duke of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola, Duke of Guastalla , Duke of Massa and Prince of Carrara from 1846 to 1859. His parents were Francis IV of Modena and of Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy. He was the last reigning duke of Modena before the duchy was incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy
1875 Friedrich Gottlieb Bartling a German botanist who was a native of Hanover.
1880 Léon Cogniet a French historical and portrait painter.
1882 Henry Draper an American doctor and amateur astronomer. He is best known today as a pioneer of astrophotography
1886 Rebecca Solomon an English painter.