Died on November 21

615 Columbanus an Irish missionary notable for founding a number of monasteries on the European continent from around 590 in the Frankish and Lombard kingdoms, most notably Luxeuil Abbey in present-day France and Bobbio Abbey in present-day Italy. He is remembered as an exemplar of Irish missionary activity in early medieval Europe
1011 Emperor Reizei the 63rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1136 William de Corbeil a medieval Archbishop of Canterbury. Very little is known of William's early life or his family, except that he was born at Corbeil in the outskirts of Paris and that he had two brothers. Educated as a theologian, he taught briefly before serving the bishops of Durham and London as a clerk and subsequently becoming a canon, a priest who lived a communal life. William was elected to the see of Canterbury as a compromise candidate in 1123, the first canon to become an English archbishop. He succeeded Ralph d'Escures, who had employed him as a chaplain
1150 García Ramírez of Navarre Lord of Monzón and Logroño, and, from 1134, King of Navarre. He "restored" the independence of the Navarrese crown after 58 years of union with the Kingdom of Aragon
1161 William III Count of Nevers Count of Nevers, Auxerre and Tonnerre. He was born in Auxerre
1325 Yury of Moscow Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir.
1361 Philip I Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy from 1350 until his death. Philip was the only son of Philip of Burgundy, heir to the Duchy of Burgundy, and Joanna I, Countess of Auvergne and Boulogne. He succeeded his grandfather when he was only three years old. His deceased father was the only child of Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy, and of Joan III, Countess of Burgundy and Artois
1471 João Gonçalves Zarco a Portuguese explorer who established settlements and recognition of the Madeira Islands, and was appointed first captain of Funchal by Henry the Navigator.
1517 Sikandar Lodi the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 to 1517. He became the next ruler of the Lodi dynasty after the death of his father Bahlul Khan in July 1489. The second and most successful ruler of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi sultanate He was also a poet of the Persian language and prepared a diwan of 9000 verses
1555 Georgius Agricola a German Catholic, scholar and scientist. Known as "the father of mineralogy", he was born at Glauchau in Saxony. His birth name was Georg Pawer ; Agricola is the Latinized version of his name, by which he was known his entire adult life; Agricola and Bauer mean "farmer" in their respective languages. He is best known for his book De Re Metallica
1579 Thomas Gresham an English merchant and financier who worked for King Edward VI of England and for Edward's half-sisters, Queens Mary I and Elizabeth I.
1652 Jan Brożek a Polish polymath: a mathematician, astronomer, physician, poet, writer, musician and rector of the Kraków Academy.
1668 Adolf William Duke of Saxe-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
1670 William VII Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel.
1675 George William Duke of Liegnitz the last Silesian duke of Legnica and Brzeg from 1672 until his death. He was the last male member of the Silesian Piast dynasty
1695 Henry Purcell an English composer. Although incorporating Italian and French stylistic elements into his compositions, Purcell's legacy was a uniquely English form of Baroque music. He is generally considered to be one of the greatest English composers; no other native-born English composer approached his fame until Edward Elgar
1710 Bernardo Pasquini an Italian composer of operas, oratorios, cantatas and keyboard music. A renowned virtuoso keyboard player in his day, he was one of the most important Italian composers for harpsichord between Girolamo Frescobaldi and Domenico Scarlatti, having also made substantial contributions to the opera and oratorio
1715 Grigory Dmitriyevich Stroganov a Russian landowner and statesman, the most notable member of the prominent Stroganov family in the late 17th century-early 18th century, a strong supporter of the reforms and initiatives of Peter the Great.
1730 François de Troy a French painter and engraver who became principal painter to King James II in exile at Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Director of the Académie Royale de peinture et de sculpture.
1775 John Hill (botanist) an English author and botanist. He contributed to contemporary periodicals and was awarded the title of Sir in recognition of his illustrated botanical compendium The Vegetable System
1781 Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux Count of Maurepas a French statesman.
1782 Jacques de Vaucanson a French inventor and artist who was responsible for the creation of impressive and innovative automata and machines such as the first completely automated loom.
1790 Karol Stanisław "Panie Kochanku" Radziwiłł a Polish–Lithuanian szlachcic, voivod of Vilnius and starosta of Lwów. He is frequently referred to by his idiolect "Panie Kochanku" to distinguish him from his earlier namesake
1798 Gabriel Lenkiewicz a Polish–Lithuanian Jesuit priest, and Temporary Vicar General of the Society of Jesus from 1785 until 1798, at a time when, being suppressed in all Catholic countries, the Society of Jesus was still surviving in Russia.
1811 Heinrich von Kleist a German poet, dramatist, novelist and short story writer. The Kleist Prize, a prestigious prize for German literature, is named after him
1827 Christian Karl August Ludwig von Massenbach born at Schmalkalden, and educated at Heilbronn and Stuttgart, devoting himself chiefly to mathematics.
1830 Károly Kisfaludy a Hungarian dramatist and artist, brother of Sándor Kisfaludy. He was the founder of the national drama
1835 James Hogg a Scottish poet, novelist and essayist who wrote in both Scots and English. As a young man he worked as a shepherd and farmhand, and was largely self-educated through reading. He was a friend of many of the great writers of his day, including Sir Walter Scott, of whom he later wrote an unauthorized biography. He became widely known as the "Ettrick Shepherd", a nickname under which some of his works were published, and the character name he was given in the widely read series Noctes Ambrosianae, published in Blackwood's Magazine. He is best known today for his novel The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner. His other works include the long poem The Queen's Wake , his collection of songs Jacobite Reliques , and his two novels The Three Perils of Man , and The Three Perils of Woman
1844 Ivan Krylov Russia's best known fabulist and probably the most epigrammatic of all Russian authors. While many of his earlier fables were loosely based on Aesop's and La Fontaine's, later fables were original work, often with a satirical bent
1849 François Marius Granet a French painter.
1856 Charles de Steuben a German-born French Romantic portrait painter and lithographer active during the Napoleonic Era.
1856 Lev Perovski a Russian nobleman and mineralogist who also served as Minister of Internal Affairs under Nicholas I of Russia.
1859 Yoshida Shōin one of the most distinguished intellectuals in the closing days of the Tokugawa shogunate. He devoted himself to nurturing many Ishin Shishi who in turn made an outstanding contribution to the Meiji Restoration
1860 George William Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe a Count and later Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe.
1860 John Eatton Le Conte an American naturalist. He was born near Shrewsbury, New Jersey, the son of John Eatton Le Conte and Jane Sloane Le Conte. He graduated from Columbia College, where he showed an interest in science and was taught natural history by David Hosack, founder of Elgin Botanical Garden
1861 Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire a French ecclesiastic, preacher, journalist and political activist. He re-established the Dominican Order in post-Revolutionary France
1862 Prince Mikheil of Georgia a son of George XII, the last king of Georgia, by his second marriage to Mariam Tsitsishvili. After the Russian annexation of Georgia in 1801, he departed to Petersburg, where he spent most of his life
1863 Joseph Mayseder an Austrian violin virtuoso and composer.
1870 Karel Jaromír Erben a Czech historian, poet and writer of the mid-19th century, best known for his collection Kytice , which contains poems based on traditional and folkloric themes.
1874 Sir William Jardine 7th Baronet a Scottish naturalist.
1874 Marià Fortuny the leading Catalan painter of his day, with an international reputation. His brief career encompassed works on a variety of subjects common in the art of the period, including the Romantic fascination with Orientalist themes, historicist genre painting, military painting of Spanish colonial expansion, as well as a prescient loosening of brush-stroke and color
1881 Otto Wilhelm Sonder a German botanist and pharmacist who was a native of Holstein. From 1841 to 1878 he was the proprietor of a pharmacy in Hamburg. In 1846 he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Königsberg
1881 Ami Boué born at Hamburg, and received his early education there and in Geneva and Paris.
1884 Samuel Mountiford Longfield an Irish lawyer and economist. He was the first Professor of Political Economy at Trinity College Dublin
1886 Johannes Scherr a German-born novelist and literary critic most of whose working life was spent in Switzerland.
1886 Charles Francis Adams Sr. an American historical editor, politician and diplomat. He was the son of President John Quincy Adams and grandson of President John Adams, of whom he wrote a major biography
1887 Petre Ispirescu a Romanian editor, folklorist, printer and publicist. He is best known for his work as a gatherer of Romanian folk tales, recounting them with a remarkable talent
1893 Morgan C. Hamilton an American merchant, politician from Alabama and Texas, and brother of Andrew Jackson Hamilton. Both men were unusual as Unionists in Texas during the American Civil War
1899 Princess Marie of Baden (1834–1899) the third daughter and seventh child of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden and his wife Princess Sophie of Sweden. She was Princess of Leiningen through her marriage with Ernst Leopold, 4th Prince of Leiningen
1899 Garret Hobart the 24th Vice President of the United States , serving under President William McKinley. He was the sixth American vice president to die in office