Born on November 22

1428 Richard Neville 16th Earl of Warwick an English nobleman, administrator, and military commander. The son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, Warwick was the wealthiest and most powerful English peer of his age, with political connections that went beyond the country's borders. One of the Yorkist leaders in the Wars of the Roses, he was instrumental in the deposition of two kings, a fact which later earned him his epithet of "Kingmaker" to later generations
1515 Mary of Guise queen of Scotland as the second spouse of King James She was the mother of Mary, Queen of Scots, and served as regent of Scotland in her daughter's name from 1554 to 1560. A native of Lorraine, she was a member of the powerful House of Guise, which played a prominent role in 16th-century French politics. Her main goal was a close alliance between the powerful French Catholic nation and small Scotland, which she wanted to be Catholic and independent of England. She failed and at her death the Protestants took control of Scotland. In evaluating her life, historian Rosalind Marshall says:
1519 Johannes Crato von Krafftheim a German humanist and court physician to three Holy Roman emperors.
1533 Alfonso II d'Este Duke of Ferrara Duke of Ferrara from 1559 to 1597. He was a member of the House of Este
1564 Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham an English peer who was implicated in the Main Plot against the rule of James I of England.
1602 Elisabeth of France (1602–1644) Queen consort of Spain and Portugal as the first wife of King Philip IV of Spain. She was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second spouse Marie de' Medici. As a daughter of the king of France, she was born a Fille de France. As the eldest daughter of the king, she was known at court by the traditional honorific of Madame Royale
1610 Duchess Marie Elisabeth of Saxony duchess consort of Holstein-Gottorp as the spouse of Duke Friedrich III of Holstein-Gottorp.
1635 Francis Willughby an English ornithologist and ichthyologist. He was a student, friend and colleague of the naturalist John Ray at Cambridge University, and shared some of his expeditions and interests. Ray saw Willughby's Ornithologia libri tres through the press after Willughby's sudden death
1690 François Colin de Blamont a French composer of the Baroque era.
1698 Pierre de Rigaud Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnial a Canadien-born colonial governor of Canada in North America. He was governor of French Louisiana and in 1755 became the last Governor-General of New France. In 1759 and 1760 the British conquered the colony in the Seven Years' War
1709 Franz Benda a Bohemian violinist and composer. He was the brother of Jiří Antonín Benda, and he worked for much of his life at the court of Frederick the Great
1710 Wilhelm Friedemann Bach a German composer and performer. Despite his acknowledged genius as an organist, improviser and composer, his income and employment were unstable and he died in poverty
1721 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres a cartographer who served in the Seven Years' War, in part, as the aide-de-camp to General James Wolfe. He also created the monumental four volume Atlantic Neptune, which was the most important collection of maps, charts and views of North America published in the eighteenth century. Finally, he was the Governor of Cape Breton Island and Prince Edward Island. Colonel DesBarres is buried in the crypt of George's Church, Halifax, Nova Scotia
1722 Marc Antoine René de Voyer a French ambassador to Switzerland, Poland, Venice and to the Holy See; and later Minister of War. He was also a noted bibliophile and collector of art
1728 Charles Frederick Grand Duke of Baden Margrave, elector and later Grand Duke of Baden from 1738 until his death.
1744 Abigail Adams the wife of John Adams, the first Vice President, and second President, of the United States, and the mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth President. She is now designated the first Second Lady and second First Lady of the United States, although these titles were not in use at the time
1753 Dugald Stewart a Scottish Enlightenment philosopher and mathematician.
1764 Barbara von Krüdener a Baltic German religious mystic and author.
1766 Charlotte von Lengefeld the wife of German poet Friedrich Schiller.
1766 Camilo Torres Tenorio a Colombian politician. He is credited as being an early founder of the nation due to his role in early struggles for independence from Spain
1767 Andreas Hofer a Tyrolean innkeeper and drover, who in 1809 became the leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the French and Bavarian occupation forces during the War of the Fifth Coalition. He was subsequently captured and executed
1770 Princess Carolina of Parma a Princess of Parma by birth, and Princess of Saxony by marriage to Prince Maximilian of Saxony. Carolina was the eldest child of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma and his wife Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
1771 Heinrich Christian Funck a German pharmacist and bryologist born in Wunsiedel, Bavaria. He was a co-founder of the Regensburg Botanical Society
1780 Conradin Kreutzer a German composer and conductor. His works include the opera for which he is remembered, Das Nachtlager in Granada, and Der Verschwender , both produced in 1834 in Vienna
1780 José Cecilio del Valle a philosopher, politician, lawyer, and journalist and one of the most important figures in Central America during the transition from colonial government to independence, displaying a wide-ranging expertise in public administration management.
1782 Sophie Swetchine a Russian mystic, born in Moscow, and famous for her salon in Paris.
1787 Rasmus Rask a Danish scholar and philologist.
1800 Jules Bastide a French politician.
1805 Benjamin Huger (general) a career United States Army ordnance officer who fought with distinction during the Mexican–American War. He also served as a Confederate general officer during the American Civil War, noted for his controversial performances while in charge of Norfolk, Virginia, and during the 1862 Peninsula Campaign. Relieved of field duty, he would spend most of the remainder of the conflict in staff positions in the Trans-Mississippi Department, where he performed well. After the war Huger took up farming in North Carolina and later in Virginia
1807 Princess Helene of Hohenlohe-Langenburg a member of the House of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and a Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg by birth and a member of the House of Württemberg and a Duchess of Württemberg as the second wife of Duke Eugen of Württemberg.
1808 Thomas Cook of Melbourne, Derbyshire, England founded the travel agency Thomas Cook & Son that became Thomas Cook AG before eventually becoming Thomas Cook Group in 2007.
1809 Bénédict Morel a French psychiatrist born in Vienna, Austria. He was an influential figure in the field of degeneration during the mid-19th century
1812 Johanne Luise Heiberg one of the greatest Danish actresses of the 19th century. She is most famous for her work at the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen, where she achieved great success
1814 Serranus Clinton Hastings a 19th-century politician, rancher and a prominent lawyer in the United States. He studied law as a young man and moved to the Iowa District in 1837 to open a law office. Iowa became a territory a year later, and he was elected a member of the House of Representatives of the Iowa Territorial General Assembly. When the territory became the state of Iowa in 1846, he won an election to represent the state in the United States House of Representatives. After his term ended, he became Chief Justice of the Iowa Supreme Court. He resigned after one year in office and moved to California. He was appointed to the California Supreme Court as Chief Justice a few months later. He won an election to be Attorney General of California, and assumed office shortly after his term as Chief Justice ended. He began practicing law again as Attorney General. He earned a small fortune with his law practice and used that fortune to finance his successful real estate venture. In 1878, he founded the Hastings College of the Law with a donation of US$100,000
1817 François Bonvin a French realist painter.
1819 Joseph Seligman an American banker and businessman.
1819 George Eliot an English novelist, journalist, translator and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era. She is the author of seven novels, including Adam Bede , The Mill on the Floss , Silas Marner , Middlemarch , and Daniel Deronda , most of them set in provincial England and known for their realism and psychological insight
1822 Nathan Kimball a physician, politician, postmaster, and military officer, serving as a general in the Union army during the American Civil War. He was the first statewide commander of the Grand Army of the Republic veterans organization in Indiana
1822 Augustin Schoeffler a French saint and martyr in the Roman Catholic Church and a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society. He was a priest in Lorraine who joined the Foreign Missions of Paris. He worked as a missionary to Indochina and was one of two French missionaries killed in northern Vietnam between 1847 and 1851. At the time, it was illegal to proselytize in Vietnam
1826 Théophile Aube a French admiral, who held several important governmental positions during the Third Republic.
1827 Karol Estreicher (senior) a Polish bibliographer and librarian who was a founder of the Polish Academy of Learning. While he is known as the "father of Polish bibliography", he is also considered the founder of the bibliographical method in literary research. His "monumental work", Bibliografia Polska is called the "most outstanding bibliography of Polish books, and probably one of the most famous bibliographies in the world"
1829 Shelby Moore Cullom a U.S. political figure, serving in various offices, including the United States House of Representatives, the United States Senate and the 17th Governor of Illinois.
1830 Jhalkaribai an Indian woman soldier who played an important role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 during the battle of Jhansi. She was a soldier in the women's army of Queen Laxmibai of Jhansi. Born into a poor Koli family, she started her career as an ordinary soldier in Laxmibai's army, but rose to a position of advising the queen and participating in vital decisions. During the rebellion, at the height of the battle of fort of Jhansi, she disguised herself as the queen and fought on the front to let the queen escape safely out of the fort
1830 Karl Christian Bruhns a German astronomer.
1837 Franklin MacVeagh an American politician, lawyer, grocer and banker. He was served as the United States Secretary of the Treasury under President William Howard Taft
1842 José-Maria de Heredia a Cuban-born French poet. He was the fifteenth member elected for seat 4 of the Académie française in 1894
1844 Pavel Gerdt the Premier Danseur Noble of the Imperial Ballet, the Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre, and the Mariinsky Theatre for 56 years, making his debut in 1860, and retiring in 1916. His daughter Elisaveta Gerdt was also a prominent ballerina and teacher
1845 Aleksander Kunileid an Estonian composer. He is one of the founding figures of Estonian choral music
1847 Richard Bowdler Sharpe an English zoologist.
1849 Christian Rohlfs a German painter, one of the important representatives of German expressionism.