Died on November 22

950 Lothair II of Italy the King of Italy from 948 to his death. He was of the noble Frankish lineage of the Bosonids, descended from Boso the Elder. His father and predecessor was Hugh of Provence and his mother was a German princess named Alda
1286 Eric V of Denmark King of Denmark and son of Christopher Until 1264 he ruled under the auspices of his mother, the competent Queen Dowager Margaret Sambiria. Between 1261 and 1262, Eric was a prisoner in Holstein following a military defeat. Afterwards, he was brought up in Brandenburg
1318 Mikhail of Tver a Prince of Tver who ruled as Grand Prince of Vladimir from 1304 until 1314 and again from 1315–1318. He is counted among the saints of the Russian Orthodox Church
1390 Miklós Toldi remembered as a legendary strong hero in Hungarian folklore. Hungarian poet János Arany based his famous Toldi trilogy on his legend
1392 Robert de Vere Duke of Ireland a favourite and court companion of King Richard II of England.
1554 Islam Shah Suri the second ruler of the Sur dynasty which ruled part of India in the mid-16th century. His original name was Jalal Khan and he was the second son of Sher Shah Suri
1557 Oda Nobuyuki the son of Oda Nobuhide and younger brother of Oda Nobunaga, who lived during the Sengoku period of Japan.
1617 Ahmed I the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 until his death in 1617.
1694 John Tillotson Archbishop of Canterbury from 1691 to 1694.
1697 Libéral Bruant a French architect best known as the designer of the Hôtel des Invalides, Paris, now dominated by the dome erected by Jules Hardouin Mansart, his collaborator in earlier stages of the construction. A comparison of Bruant's central entrance to the Invalides, under an arched cornice packed with military trophies with Mansart's Eglise du Dome , gives a clear idea of the difference between Bruant's High Baroque and Hardouin-Mansart's restrained and somewhat academic Late Baroque
1714 James Pierpont (minister) credited with the founding of Yale University in the United States. In 1701, Pierpont, a graduate of The Roxbury Latin School and Harvard University, secured the charter for The Collegiate School of Connecticut, which soon thereafter took the surname of its benefactor Elihu Yale
1718 Blackbeard a notorious English pirate who operated around the West Indies and the eastern coast of the American colonies. Although little is known about his early life, he was probably born in Bristol, England. He may have been a sailor on privateer ships during Queen Anne's War before settling on the Bahamian island of New Providence, a base for Captain Benjamin Hornigold, whose crew Teach joined sometime around 1716. Hornigold placed him in command of a sloop he had captured, and the two engaged in numerous acts of piracy. Their numbers were boosted by the addition to their fleet of two more ships, one of which was commanded by Stede Bonnet, but toward the end of 1717 Hornigold retired from piracy, taking two vessels with him
1726 Anton Domenico Gabbiani an Italian painter and active in a late Baroque style.
1728 Grand Duchess Natalya Alexeyevna of Russia (1714–1728) a Russian Grand Duchess.
1748 Margravine Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg (1674–1748) a Duchess consort of Courland, Margravine consort of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and Duchess consort of Saxe-Meiningen. She was married to Duke Frederick Casimir Kettler of Courland, Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and Ernst Ludwig I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. She was joint regent in Courland during the minority of her son from 1698 until 1701
1758 Richard Edgcumbe 1st Baron Edgcumbe an English politician.
1773 Ivan Neplyuyev a Russian diplomat and administrator prominent in the service of Peter the Great and Catherine the Great. His memoirs were published posthumously and his statue may be seen in Orenburg, the city he founded
1774 Robert Clive a British officer who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Bengal. He is credited with securing India, and the wealth that followed, for the British crown. Together with Warren Hastings he was one of the key early figures in the creation of British India. He also sat as a Tory Member of Parliament in Great Britain
1784 Paolo Frisi an Italian mathematician and astronomer.
1794 John Alsop an American merchant and politician from New York City during the American Revolution. He was a delegate for New York to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1776
1795 Sayat-Nova an Armenian poet, musician and ashik, who had compositions in a number of languages.
1800 Salomon Maimon a German philosopher born of Jewish parentage in present-day Belarus.
1813 Johann Gottfried Vierling a German organist and composer.
1813 Johann Christian Reil a German physician, physiologist, anatomist and psychiatrist. He coined the term psychiatry or, in German, Psychiatrie in 1808
1824 François Levaillant a French author, explorer, naturalist, zoological collector, and noted ornithologist. He described many new species of birds based on collection he made in Africa and several birds are named after him. He was among the first to use colour plates for illustrating birds and opposed the use of binomial nomenclature introduced by Linnaeus, preferring instead to use descriptive French names such as the bateleur for the distinctive African eagle
1826 Anton von Zach Freiherr von Zach enlisted in the army of Habsburg Austria and fought against the First French Republic. In the French Revolutionary Wars, he gained prominence as a staff officer. Still on active service during the Napoleonic Wars, he fought in the 1805 and 1809 wars. He was not given combat assignments after 1809
1850 Lin Zexu a Chinese scholar and official of the Qing dynasty.
1860 Sergei Petrovich Troubetzkoy one of the organizers of the Decembrist movement. Close to Nikita Mikhailovich Muravyov in his views, he was declared the group's leader on the eve of the December 26 uprising in 1825 but failed to appear, and instead sought refuge in the Austrian embassy
1860 Isaak Markus Jost a Jewish historical writer.
1866 Amable Guillaume Prosper Brugière baron de Barante a French statesman and historian.
1869 Carl Ferdinand Langhans a Prussian architect with a special interest in theatre architecture.
1875 Henry Wilson the 18th Vice President of the United States and a Senator from Massachusetts. Before and during the American Civil War, he was a leading Republican, and a strong opponent of slavery. He devoted his energies to the destruction of the "Slave Power" - the faction of slave owners and their political allies which anti-slavery Americans saw as dominating the country
1878 Pyotr Vyazemsky a leading personality of the Golden Age of Russian poetry.
1878 Ludwik Mierosławski a Polish general, writer, poet, historian and political activist. Took part in the November Uprising of the 1830s, after its fall he emigrated to France, where he taught Slavic history and military theory. Chosen as a commander for the Greater Poland Uprising of 1846, he was taken prisoner early but amnestied during the Spring of Nations. In 1848 and 1849 he fought for the insurgents in Baden and in the Electorate of the Palatinate. Afterwards he returned to France; he also had contacts with Italian activists like Giuseppe Garibaldi. He also took part in the January Uprising in the 1860s, as the first of four dictators of the Uprising
1879 María Manuela Kirkpatrick the mother of Eugénie, Empress of the French.
1885 Alexander Palm a Russian poet, novelist and playwright, who wrote also under the pseudonym Alminsky. A member of the Petrashevsky Circle, Palm in 1847 was arrested, spent 8 months in the Petropavlovsk Fortress, had his death sentence changed to deportation and served 7 years in the Russian Army. Among his best known works are Alexey Slobodin. The History of One Family and Our Friend Neklyuzhev
1886 Mary Boykin Chesnut a South Carolina author noted for a book published as her Civil War diary, a "vivid picture of a society in the throes of its life-and-death struggle." She described the war from within her upper-class circles of Southern planter society, but encompassed all classes in her book. She was married to a lawyer who served as a United States senator and Confederate officer. Mary was a secret abolitionist. Her husband was strongly pro-slavery but she thought very poorly of slavery
1890 William Bell Scott a Scottish poet, artist and occasional engraver.
1896 George Washington Gale Ferris Jr. an American engineer. He is mostly known for creating the original Ferris Wheel for the 1893 Chicago World's Columbian Exposition
1896 Vicente Riva Palacio a Mexican liberal politician and intellectual.
1898 Nakahama Manjirō also known as John Manjirō. He was one of the first Japanese people to visit the United States and an important translator during the Opening of Japan
1900 Arthur Sullivan an English composer. He is best known for his series of 14 operatic collaborations with the dramatist S. Gilbert, including such enduring works as H.M.S. Pinafore, The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado. Sullivan composed 23 operas, 13 major orchestral works, eight choral works and oratorios, two ballets, incidental music to several plays, and numerous hymns and other church pieces, songs, and piano and chamber pieces. The best known of his hymns and songs include "Onward Christian Soldiers" and "The Lost Chord"
1901 Paul von Hatzfeldt a German diplomat. Count Hatzfeldt served as Ambassador to Constantinople from 1878 to 1881, as Foreign Secretary and head of the Foreign Office from 1881 to 1885, and as Ambassador to London from 1885 to 1901. He was once described by Otto von Bismarck as "das beste Pferd im diplomatischen Stall" – the best horse in the diplomatic stable
1902 Walter Reed a U.S. Army physician who in 1901 led the team that postulated and confirmed the theory that yellow fever is transmitted by a particular mosquito species, rather than by direct contact. This insight gave impetus to the new fields of epidemiology and biomedicine, and most immediately allowed the resumption and completion of work on the Panama Canal by the United States. Reed followed work started by Carlos Finlay and directed by George Miller Sternberg
1902 Friedrich Alfred Krupp a German steel manufacturer of the company Krupp.
1903 George H. Steuart (brigadier general) a planter in Maryland and an American military officer; he served thirteen years in the United States Army before resigning his commission at the start of the American Civil War. He joined the Confederacy and rose to the rank of brigadier general in the Army of Northern Virginia. Nicknamed "Maryland" to avoid verbal confusion with Virginia cavalryman J.E.B. Stuart, Steuart unsuccessfully promoted the secession of Maryland before and during the conflict. He began the war as a captain of the 1st Maryland Infantry, CSA, and was promoted to colonel after the First Battle of Manassas
1905 Viktor Sakharov a Russian Lieutenant General and Minister of War.
1906 Ernst Josephson a Swedish painter from a prominent Jewish family, whose main work was done on portraits and paintings of folk life.
1907 Asaph Hall most famous for having discovered the moons of Mars, Deimos and Phobos, in 1877. He determined the orbits of satellites of other planets and of double stars, the rotation of Saturn, and the mass of Mars
1908 Paul Taffanel a French flautist, conductor and instructor regarded as the founder of the French Flute School that dominated much of flute composition and performance during the mid-20th century.