November 22 events in history

498 After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran Palace, while Laurentius is elected Pope in Santa Maria Maggiore
845 The first King of all Brittany, Nominoe, defeats the Frankish king Charles the Bald at the Battle of Ballon near Redon
1307 Pope Clement V issues the papal bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets
1574 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile
1635 Dutch colonial forces on Taiwan launch a pacification campaign against native villages, resulting in Dutch control of the middle and south of the island
1718 Off the coast of North Carolina, British pirate Edward Teach (best known as "Blackbeard") is killed in battle with a boarding party led by Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard
1812 War of 1812: Seventeen Indiana Rangers are killed at the Battle of Wild Cat Creek
1837 Canadian journalist and politician William Lyon Mackenzie calls for a rebellion against the United Kingdom in his essay "To the People of Upper Canada", published in his newspaper The Constitution
1858 Denver, Colorado, is founded
1864 American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: Confederate General John Bell Hood invades Tennessee in an unsuccessful attempt to draw Union General William T. Sherman from Georgia
1869 In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched and is one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving today
1908 The Congress of Manastir establishes the Albanian alphabet
1928 The premier performance of Ravel's Boléro takes place in Paris
1931 Al-Mina'a SC established in Iraq
1935 The China Clipper, the first plane to offer commercial transpacific air service, takes off from Alameda, California, for its first commercial flight. It reaches its destination, Manila, a week later
1940 World War II: Following the initial Italian invasion, Greek troops counterattack into Italian-occupied Albania and capture Korytsa
1942 World War II: Battle of Stalingrad: General Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th Army is surrounded
1943 World War II: Cairo Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese Premier Chiang Kai-shek meet in Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan
1943 Lebanon gains independence from France
1954 The Humane Society of the United States is founded
1963 In Dallas, Texas, US President John F. Kennedy is assassinated and Texas Governor John Connally is seriously wounded. Suspect Lee Harvey Oswald is later captured and charged with the murder of both the President and police officer J. D. Tippit. Oswald is shot dead two days later by Jack Ruby while in police custody
1967 UN Security Council Resolution 242 is adopted, establishing a set of the principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab–Israeli peace settlement
1973 The Italian Fascist organization Ordine Nuovo is disbanded
1974 The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status
1975 Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of Francisco Franco
1977 British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service
1986 Mike Tyson defeats Trevor Berbick to become youngest Heavyweight champion in boxing history
1987 Two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom
1988 In Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed
1989 In West Beirut, a bomb explodes near the motorcade of Lebanese President René Moawad, killing him
1990 British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher withdraws from the Conservative Party leadership election, confirming the end of her premiership
1995 Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery
2002 In Nigeria, more than 100 people are killed at an attack aimed at the contestants of the Miss World contest
2003 Baghdad DHL attempted shootdown incident: Shortly after takeoff, a DHL Express cargo plane is struck on the left wing by a surface-to-air missile and forced to land
2004 The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections
2005 Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany
2012 Ceasefire begins between Hamas in the Gaza Strip and Israel after eight days of violence and 150 deaths