Died on November 24

62 Persius a Roman poet and satirist of Etruscan origin. In his works, poems and satires, he shows a stoic wisdom and a strong criticism for the abuses of his contemporaries. His works, which became very popular in the Middle Ages, were published after his death by his friend and mentor the stoic philosopher Lucius Annaeus Cornutus
654 Emperor Kōtoku the 36th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1072 Bagrat IV of Georgia the King of Georgia from 1027 to 1072. During his long and eventful reign, Bagrat sought to repress the great nobility and to secure Georgia's sovereignty from the Byzantine and Seljuqid empires. In a series of intermingled conflicts, Bagrat succeeded in defeating his most powerful vassals and rivals of the Liparitid family, bringing several feudal enclaves under his control, and reducing the kings of Lorri and Kakheti, as well as the emir of Tbilisi to vassalage. Like many medieval Caucasian rulers, he bore several Byzantine titles, particularly those of nobelissimos, curopalates, and sebastos
1192 Albert of Louvain Prince-Bishop of Liège from 22 September 1191 till January 1192. He was canonized in 1613
1227 Leszek I the White Prince of Sandomierz and High Duke of Poland from 1194 until his death, except for the short periods following his deposition as Polish ruler. Both his uncle, Duke Mieszko III the Old, and his cousin, Władysław III Spindleshanks, from the Greater Polish branch of the royal Piast dynasty contested Leszek's right to be senior duke during this era. Leszek was crowned in 1202. Other sources give a complicated picture of Leszek's rule, where between 1198 and 1210 there were three points of Leszek's removal from the throne. He is considered in this plan to have been ousted in 1198, restored in 1199, ousted in 1202 and restored again in 1206 and then ousted a third time in 1210 and restored in 1211. The third ousting involved putting Duke Mieszko IV Tanglefoot of the Silesian Piasts in as the chief ruler of Poland
1265 Magnus Olafsson a mid 13th century Manx-Hebridean king, the son of Óláfr Guðrøðarson, King of the Isles. Magnús and Óláfr descended from a long line of Norse-Gaelic kings who ruled the Isle of Man and parts of the Hebrides. Some leading members of the Crovan dynasty, such as Óláfr, styled themselves "King of the Isles"; other members, such as Magnús and his brothers, styled themselves "King of Mann and the Isles". Although kings in their own right, leading members of the Crovan dynasty paid tribute to the Kings of Norway and generally recognised a nominal Norse overlordship of Mann and the Hebrides
1326 Hugh Despenser the Younger the son and heir of Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester , and Isabella daughter of William, 9th Earl of Warwick. He rose to national prominence as royal chamberlain and a favourite of Edward II of England. A series of subsequent controversies eventually led to his being hanged, drawn and quartered
1406 Sibila of Fortia daughter of Berenguer de Fortià and his wife Francesca of Palau. Sibila belonged to the lineage of Fortià, the lower nobility, with possessions in the rural Empordà, in the county of Ampurias. She was Queen consort of Aragon by her marriage to Peter IV of Aragon; his fourth wife
1440 William Douglas 6th Earl of Douglas a short-lived Scottish nobleman. He was Earl of Douglas and Wigtown, Lord of Galloway, Lord of Bothwell, Selkirk and Ettrick Forest, Eskdale, Lauderdale, and Annandale in Scotland, and de jure Duke of Touraine, Count of Longueville, and Lord of Dun-le-roi in France. He was the eldest son of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas and Eupheme Graham
1468 Jean de Dunois the illegitimate son of Louis I, Duke of Orléans, by Mariette d'Enghien. His nickname, the "Bastard of Orléans" , was a term of respect, since it acknowledged him as a first cousin to the king and acting head of a cadet branch of the royal family during his half-brother's captivity. In 1439 he received the county of Dunois from his half-brother, Charles, Duke of Orléans, and later king Charles VII made him count of Longueville
1518 Vannozza dei Cattanei an Italian woman who was one of the many mistresses of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, later to become Pope Alexander Among them, she was the one whose relationship with him lasted the longest.
1531 Johannes Oecolampadius a German religious reformer from the Electorate of the Palatinate. His real name was Hussgen or Heussgen, a name first changed to Hausschein and then into the Greek equivalent, which is derived from οίκος oikos, "house," and λαμπάς lampas, "lamp"
1536 Ulrich Zasius a German jurist.
1569 Celio Secondo Curione an Italian humanist, grammarian and suspected antitrinitarian. He may have assisted or influenced Castellio in his anonymous tract appealing for religious tolerance
1571 Jan Blahoslav a Czech humanistic writer, poet, translator, etymologist, hymnographer, grammarian, music theorist and composer. He was a Unity of the Brethren bishop, and translated the New Testament into Czech in 1564. This was incorporated into the Bible of Kralice
1572 John Knox considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination in Scotland. He is believed to have been educated at the University of St Andrews and worked as a notary-priest. Influenced by early church reformers such as George Wishart, he joined the movement to reform the Scottish church. He was caught up in the ecclesiastical and political events that involved the murder of Cardinal Beaton in 1546 and the intervention of the regent of Scotland Mary of Guise. He was taken prisoner by French forces the following year and exiled to England on his release in 1549
1577 Ismail II the third Safavid Shah of Iran.
1583 René de Birague an Italian patrician who became a French cardinal and chancellor.
1615 Sethus Calvisius a German music theorist, composer, chronologer, astronomer, and teacher of the late Renaissance.
1650 Manuel Cardoso a Portuguese composer and organist. With Duarte Lobo and John IV of Portugal, he represented the "golden age" of Portuguese polyphony
1693 William Sancroft the 79th Archbishop of Canterbury, and was one of the Seven Bishops imprisoned in 1688 for seditious libel against King James II, over his opposition to the king's Declaration of Indulgence.
1693 Nicolaes Maes a Dutch Golden Age painter of genre and portraits.
1715 Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp Queen of Sweden from 1654 until 1660. She was the wife of Charles X Gustav of Sweden and mother of Charles She served as regent during the minority of her son from 1660 until 1672, and during the minority of her grandson Charles XII in 1697. She also represented Charles XII during his absence in the Great Northern War from 1700 until the regency of her granddaughter Ulrika Eleonora in 1713. Hedwig Eleonora was described as a dominant personality and was regarded as the de facto first lady of the royal court for 61 years, from 1654 until her death
1722 Johann Adam Reincken a Dutch/German organist and composer. He was one of the most important German composers of the 17th century, a friend of Dieterich Buxtehude and a major influence on Johann Sebastian Bach; however, very few of his works survive to this day
1724 Ernst Ludwig I Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a German nobleman.
1741 Ulrika Eleonora Queen of Sweden queen regnant of Sweden from 5 December 1718 to 29 February 1720, and then queen consort until her death.
1770 Charles-Jean-François Hénault a French writer and historian.
1775 Lorenzo Ricci an Italian Jesuit, elected the 18th Superior General of the Society of Jesus. He was also the last before the suppression of the Jesuits in 1773
1781 James Caldwell (clergyman) a Presbyterian minister who played a prominent part in the American Revolution.
1785 Duchess Frederica of Württemberg a daughter of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg and Friederike Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt.
1793 Clément Charles François de Laverdy a French statesman.
1805 Jacques Antoine Marie de Cazalès a French orator and politician.
1807 Joseph Brant a Mohawk military and political leader, based in present-day New York, who was closely associated with Great Britain during and after the American Revolution. Perhaps the American Indian of his generation best known to the Americans and British, he met many of the most significant Anglo-American people of the age, including both George Washington and King George III
1813 Frédéric Henri Walther an Alsatian-born general of division and a supporter of Napoleon Bonaparte. He fought for France in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars
1822 Zofia Potocka beautiful as a dream, a child far southern countries. Admire the beauty of all those who have only seen her, igniting a fire in the hearts of men and women in the eyes of envy."
1826 Clarke Abel a British surgeon and naturalist.
1838 Pierre Dumoulin-Borie a French Catholic missionary priest and a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society. He is a Catholic saint, canonized in 1988 along with other Vietnamese Martyrs
1840 Cornelis Rudolphus Theodorus Krayenhoff a physicist, artist, general, hydraulic engineer, cartographer and - against his will and for only a short time - Dutch Minister of War.
1848 William Lamb 2nd Viscount Melbourne a British Whig statesman who served as Home Secretary and Prime Minister. He is best known for his intense and successful mentoring of Queen Victoria, at ages 18–21, in the ways of politics. Historians conclude that Melbourne does not rank high as a prime minister, for there were no great foreign wars or domestic issues to handle, he lacked major achievements and enunciated no grand principles. "But he was kind, honest, and not self-seeking."
1852 Walter Forward an American lawyer and politician. He was the brother of Chauncey Forward
1854 Carl Joseph Begas a German historical painter born at Heinsberg near Aachen. His father, a retired judge, destined him for the legal profession, but the boy's tastes pointed definitely in another direction. Even at school he was remarked for his wonderful skill in drawing and painting, and in 1812 he was permitted to visit Paris in order to perfect himself in his art
1855 Dmitry Begichev a Russian writer, governor of Voronezh Province, and senator.
1857 Henry Havelock particularly associated with India and his recapture of Cawnpore from rebels during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
1858 Wincenty Krasiński a Polish nobleman , political activist and military leader.
1860 George Croly an Irish poet, novelist, historian, and Anglican priest. He was rector of St Stephen Walbrook in the City of London from 1835 until his death
1866 Paul Gavarni the nom de plume of Sulpice Guillaume Chevalier , a French caricaturist, born in Paris. He began life as an engineer's draughtsman, but soon turned his attention to his proper vocation as an artist
1870 Comte de Lautréamont the pseudonym of Isidore-Lucien Ducasse , a French poet born in Uruguay. His only works, Les Chants de Maldoror and Poésies, had a major influence on modern literature, particularly on the Surrealists and the Situationists. He died at the age of 24
1875 Joseph Othmar Rauscher an Austrian Prince-Archbishop of Vienna and Cardinal.
1876 Maria Francesca Rossetti an English author. She was the sister of artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti as well as William Michael Rossetti and Christina Georgina Rossetti, who dedicated her 1862 poem Goblin Market to Maria. She was born in London
1879 Knud Baade a Norwegian painter, mostly of portraits and landscapes. He was particularly known for his moonlight paintings which are characterized by strong and dramatic contrasts between light and shadow