Born on November 26

656 Emperor Zhongzong of Tang the fourth Emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China, ruling briefly in 684 and again from 705 to 710.
907 Rudesind a Galician bishop and abbot. He was born into the nobility; his father was Count Gutierre Menéndez , brother-in-law to Ordoño II and supporter of Alfonso III of León, and his mother was Ilduaria Eriz , daughter of count Ero Fernández. His sister Hermesenda became mother-in-law of Gonzalo Menéndez, Count of Portugal. Rudesind was related to the abbess Saint Senorina. He became a Benedictine monk at a young age and became bishop of Mondoñedo at the age of 18 , succeeding his uncle Sabarico II
1288 Emperor Go-Daigo the 96th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1374 Yury of Zvenigorod the second son of Dmitri Donskoi. He was the Duke of Zvenigorod and Galich from 1389 until his death. During the reign of his brother Vasily I, he took part in the campaigns against Torzhok , Zhukotin , and Novgorod. He was the chief orchestrator of the Muscovite Civil War against his nephew, Vasily II, in the course of which he twice took Moscow, in 1433 and 1434
1401 Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl of Somerset the eldest son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, and the grandson of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford.
1547 Nicolaus Taurellus a German philosopher and theologian.
1566 Francesco Bracciolini an Italian poet.
1604 Johannes Bach a German composer and musician of the Baroque. He was the father of the so-called "Erfurt line" of Bach family musicians
1607 John Harvard (clergyman) an English minister in America, "a godly gentleman and a lover of learning", whose deathbed bequest to the "schoale or Colledge" recently undertaken by the Massachusetts Bay Colony was so gratefully received that it was consequently ordered "that the Colledge agreed upon formerly to bee built at Cambridg shalbee called Harvard Colledge."‍.
1647 Marie Hedwig of Hesse-Darmstadt a Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen.
1657 William Derham an English clergyman and natural philosopher. He produced the earliest, reasonably accurate estimate of the speed of sound
1670 Marie Amalie of Brandenburg a princess from the Brandenburg-Schwedt line of the House of Hohenzollern and by marriage a Duchess of Saxe-Zeitz.
1678 Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan a French geophysicist, astronomer and most notably, chronobiologist, was born in the town of Béziers on 26 November 1678. De Mairan lost his father, François d'Ortous, at age four and his mother twelve years later at age sixteen. Over the course of his life, de Mairan was elected into numerous scientific societies and made key discoveries in a variety of fields including ancient texts and astronomy. His observations and experiments also inspired the beginning of what is now known as the study of biological circadian rhythms. At the age of 92, de Mairan died of pneumonia in Paris on 20 February 1771
1678 Karl Leopold Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1713 to 1747.
1703 Theophilus Cibber an English actor, playwright, author, and son of the actor-manager Colley Cibber.
1717 Olof af Acrel a surgeon and physician of Stockholm, who perfected his knowledge by study in foreign countries and introduced many improvements into Swedish practice.
1727 Artemas Ward an American major general in the American Revolutionary War and a Congressman from Massachusetts. President John Adams described him as "...universally esteemed, beloved and confided in by his army and his country." He was considered an effective political leader
1731 William Cowper an English poet and hymnodist. One of the most popular poets of his time, Cowper changed the direction of 18th century nature poetry by writing of everyday life and scenes of the English countryside. In many ways, he was one of the forerunners of Romantic poetry. Samuel Taylor Coleridge called him "the best modern poet", whilst William Wordsworth particularly admired his poem Yardley-Oak. He was a nephew of the poet Judith Madan
1746 George Bogle (diplomat) a Scottish adventurer and diplomat, the first to establish diplomatic relations with Tibet and to attempt recognition by the Chinese Qing Empire. His mission is still used today as a reference point in debates between China and Tibetan independence activists
1767 Platon Zubov the last of Catherine the Great's favourites and the most powerful man in Russian Empire during the last years of her reign.
1784 Christopher Hansteen a Norwegian geophysicist, astronomer and physicist, best known for his mapping of Earth's magnetic field.
1787 Magnus Georg Paucker the first Demidov Prize winner in 1832 for his work Handbuch der Metrologie Rußlands und seiner deutschen Provinzen.
1792 Sarah Moore Grimké an American abolitionist, writer, and member of the women's suffrage movement. Born in South Carolina to a prominent planter family, she later moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where she became a Quaker and joined her younger sister Angelina Grimké in the abolition movement. There they did extensive public speaking in opposition to slavery and in favor of women's rights
1799 Michał Kulesza among the first lithographers in the area of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania, ruled by Russia for almost all of his life. His frequent theme, sites linked to the Grand Duchy's history, reflected the growing Lithuanian and Polish ethnic activism in the area. He lived and worked in today's southern Lithuania, south-eastern Belarus, and north-eastern Poland, and traveled around in search of new subjects for his oil paintings and lithographs. A leading landscape painter of his period, Kulesza created images that are now among the sparse visual records of the region in the first half of the 19th century
1800 Anton Martin Slomšek a Slovene bishop, author, poet, and advocate of Slovene culture.
1809 Wilhelm Ferdinand Erichson a German entomologist.
1810 William Armstrong 1st Baron Armstrong an English industrialist who founded the Armstrong Whitworth manufacturing concern on Tyneside. He was also an eminent engineer, scientist, inventor and philanthropist. In collaboration with the architect Richard Norman Shaw, he built Cragside in Northumberland, the first house in the world to be lit by hydroelectricity. He is regarded as the inventor of modern artillery. Armstrong was knighted in 1859 after giving his gun patents to the government. In 1887, in Queen Victoria's golden jubilee year, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Armstrong of Cragside, becoming the first engineer – and, indeed, the first scientist – to join the House of Lords
1811 Franz Brendel a German music critic, journalist and musicologist born in Stolberg, the son of a successful mining engineer named Christian Friedrich Brendel.
1811 Zeng Guofan an eminent Han Chinese official, military general, and devout Confucian scholar of the late Qing Dynasty in China.
1814 Luise Aston a German author and feminist, who championed the rights of women, and was known for dressing in male attire. She was an advocate of democracy and free love and sexuality
1816 William H.T. Walker an American soldier. He was a career United States Army officer who fought with distinction during the Mexican-American War, and also served as a Confederate general during the American Civil War. Walker was severely wounded many times in combat, and was killed in action during the 1864 Atlanta Campaign
1817 Charles-Adolphe Wurtz an Alsatian French chemist. He is best remembered for his decades-long advocacy for the atomic theory and for ideas about the structures of chemical compounds, against the skeptical opinions of chemists such as Marcellin Berthelot and Etienne Henri Sainte-Claire Deville. He is well known by organic chemists for the Wurtz reaction, to form carbon-carbon bonds by reacting alkyl halides with sodium, and for his discoveries of ethylamine, ethylene glycol, and the aldol reaction. Wurtz was also an influential writer and educator
1818 Lambert Heinrich von Babo a German chemist.
1820 Prince Frederick William of Hesse-Kassel the only son of Wilhelm I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim and Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark.
1826 Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl President of Venezuela from 1888 to 1890. He was the first civilian president who was elected by constitutional procedures in 50 years, and the only one who could finish his term properly, until 74 years later
1827 Ellen G. White a prolific author and an American Christian pioneer. She, along with other Sabbatarian Adventist leaders, such as Joseph Bates and her husband James White, formed what is now known as the Seventh-day Adventist Church
1828 René Goblet a French politician, Prime Minister of France for a period in 1886–1887.
1828 Robert Battey born in Augusta, Georgia. He was the son of Cephas and Mary Agnes Magruder Battey. Battey was educated at schools in Augusta, Georgia and in Andover, Massachusetts. He graduated from Philadelphia College of Pharmacy in 1856. He took courses at Jefferson Medical College, the University of Pennsylvania, and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1857. He served four years as a surgeon in the Nineteenth Georgia Volunteer Regiment during the American Civil War. Battey’s field of study was in gynecology and was well known all over Europe because of the procedure known as "Battey's Operation". On August 27, 1872 he performed the first successful Oophorectomy in Rome, Georgia. The patient, Julie Omberg, had diseased ovaries and lived to be 80 years old. There was lynch mob waiting for Battey, if he failed the operation. In 1873, he became professor of obstetrics at the Atlanta Medical College where he stayed until 1875. Battey continued to practice medicine until his death on November 8, 1895
1832 Mary Edwards Walker an American feminist, abolitionist, prohibitionist, alleged spy, prisoner of war and surgeon. She is currently the only woman ever to receive the Medal of Honor
1832 Rudolph Koenig a German physicist, chiefly concerned with acoustic phenomena.
1834 Serafino Vannutelli an Italian Cardinal.
1837 John Alexander Reina Newlands an English chemist who worked on the development of the periodic table.
1840 Myron H. McCord an American politician, businessman, and military officer. He began his career in Wisconsin where he held a number of elected offices before representing Wisconsin's 9th district in the United States House of Representatives for a single term. After undergoing a bankruptcy, McCord moved to Arizona Territory. There he was appointed territorial governor by his friend, William McKinley. After a year in office, McCord resigned as governor to serve as an officer in the United States Volunteers
1842 Madeleine Brès a French doctor in medicine. She was the first woman to have obtained a French medical degree
1843 Carl Kockelkorn a German chess composer. Together with Johannes Kohtz he founded the logical school of chess compositions
1847 Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark) a Danish princess who became Empress of Russia as spouse of Emperor Alexander III. She was the second daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Cassel and sister of Britain's Queen Alexandra, and King George I of Greece. Among her children was the last Russian monarch, Emperor Nicholas II, whom she outlived by ten years
1852 Yamamoto Gonnohyōe an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy and the 16th and 22nd Prime Minister of Japan.
1853 Karl Sudhoff a German historian of medicine, important in establishing that field as a legitimate discipline for research and teaching within faculties of medicine.
1853 Vladimir Gilyarovsky a Russian writer and newspaper journalist, best known for his reminiscences of life in pre-Revolutionary Moscow , which he first published in a book form in 1926.
1853 Bat Masterson a figure of the American Old West known as a buffalo hunter, U.S. Marshal and Army scout, avid fisherman, gambler, frontier lawman, and sports editor and columnist for the New York Morning Telegraph. He was the brother of lawmen James Masterson and Ed Masterson