Died on November 26

399 Pope Siricius the Pope from December 384 to his death in 399. He was successor to Pope Damasus I and was himself succeeded by Pope Anastasius I
975 Conrad of Constance a bishop and saint.
1246 Gerhard von Malberg the sixth Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, serving from 1240 to 1244. After being forced to resign, he joined the Knights Templar
1267 Sylvester Gozzolini an Italian saint, the founder of the religious order known as the Sylvestrines.
1504 Isabella I of Castile queen of Castile and León. She and her husband, Ferdinand II of Aragon, brought stability to the kingdoms that became the basis for the political unification of Spain under their grandson, Holy Roman Emperor Charles After a struggle to claim her right to the throne, she reorganised the governmental system, brought the crime rate to the lowest it had been in years, and unburdened the kingdom of the enormous debt her brother had left behind. Her reforms and those she made with her husband had an influence that extended well beyond the borders of their united kingdoms. Isabella and Ferdinand are known for completing the Reconquista, ordering conversion or exile of their Muslim and Jewish subjects in the Spanish Inquisition, and for supporting and financing Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage that led to the opening of the New World. Isabella was granted the title Servant of God by the Catholic Church in 1974
1516 Giovanni Bellini an Italian Renaissance painter, probably the best known of the Bellini family of Venetian painters. His father was Jacopo Bellini, his brother was Gentile Bellini, and his brother-in-law was Andrea Mantegna. He is considered to have revolutionized Venetian painting, moving it towards a more sensuous and colouristic style. Through the use of clear, slow-drying oil paints, Giovanni created deep, rich tints and detailed shadings. His sumptuous coloring and fluent, atmospheric landscapes had a great effect on the Venetian painting school, especially on his pupils Giorgione and Titian
1605 Handan Sultan the mother of the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I and his Valide Sultan from 21 December 1603 until 26 November 1605. She was originally a Greek Orthodox Christian named Helena
1621 Ralph Agas born at Stoke-by-Nayland, Suffolk, about 1540, and entered upon the practice of his profession in 1566.
1639 John Spottiswoode an Archbishop of St Andrews, Primate of All Scotland and historian of Scotland.
1651 Henry Ireton an English general in the Parliamentary army during the English Civil War. He was the son-in-law of Oliver Cromwell
1661 Luis Méndez de Haro a Spanish nobleman, political figure and general.
1670 Jacob van Loo a painter of the Dutch Golden Age, chiefly active in Amsterdam and, after 1660, in Paris. Van Loo is known for his conversational groupings; particularly his mythological and biblical scenes generally attributed to the genre of History painting. He was especially celebrated for the quality of his nudes to the extent that, during his lifetime, particularly his female figures were said to have been considered superior and more popular than those of his Amsterdam contemporary and competitor Rembrandt. In 1663, three years after fleeing to Paris, Jacob van Loo was accepted into the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture
1688 Philippe Quinault born in Paris.
1689 Marquard Gude a German archaeologist and classical scholar, most famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions.
1695 Jan Sladký Kozina the Czech revolutionary leader of the Chodové peasant rebellion at the end of the 17th century.
1696 Gregório de Matos the most famous Colonial Brazilian Baroque poet. Although he wrote many lyrical and religious poems, he was more well known by his satirical ones, most of them frontally criticizing the Catholic Church, rendering him the nickname "Boca do Inferno"
1717 Daniel Purcell an English Baroque composer, the younger brother or cousin of Henry Purcell.
1719 John Hudson (classicist) born at Wythop, near Cockermouth in Cumberland.
1744 Ludwig Andreas von Khevenhüller originally from Franconia and had settled in Carinthia.
1780 James Steuart (economist) a prominent Jacobite and author of "probably the first systematic treatise written in English about economics" and the first book in English with 'political economy' in the title. He assumed the surname of Denham late in life; he inherited his cousin's baronetcy of Coltness in 1773
1807 Oliver Ellsworth an American lawyer and politician, a revolutionary against British rule, a drafter of the United States Constitution, United States Senator from Connecticut, and the third Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. While at the Federal Convention, Ellsworth moved to strike the word National from the motion made by Edmund Randolph of Virginia. Randolph had moved successfully to call the government the National Government of United States. Ellsworth moved that the government should continue to be called the United States Government
1822 Karl August von Hardenberg a Prussian statesman and Prime Minister of Prussia. While during his late career he acquiesced to reactionary policies, earlier in his career he implemented a variety of Liberal reforms. To him and Baron vom Stein, Prussia was indebted for improvements in its army system, the abolition of serfdom and feudal burdens, the throwing open of the civil service to all classes, and the complete reform of the educational system
1835 Honoré Flaugergues a French astronomer.
1836 John Loudon McAdam a Scottish engineer and road-builder. He invented a new process, "macadamisation", for building roads with a smooth hard surface, using controlled materials of mixed particle size and predetermined structure, that would be more durable and less muddy than soil-based tracks
1840 Karl von Rotteck a German political activist, historian, politician and political scientist. He was a prominent advocate of freedom of the press and the abolition of compulsory labor
1842 Robert Smith (Cabinet member) the second United States Secretary of the Navy from 1801 to 1809 and the sixth United States Secretary of State from 1809 to 1811. He was the brother of Senator Samuel Smith
1844 Gustaf Johan Billberg a Swedish botanist, zoologist and anatomist, although professionally and by training he was a lawyer and used science and biology as a hobby.
1849 Louis Milon a French ballet dancer, choreographer, and ballet master.
1851 Jean-de-Dieu Soult a French general and statesman, named Marshal of the Empire in 1804 and often called Marshal Soult. Soult would be one of the few French generals to emerge from the Peninsular War with his reputation largely intact. He was one of only six officers in French history to receive the distinction of Marshal General of France. The Duke also served three times as President of the Council of Ministers, or Prime Minister of France
1854 Matthijs Siegenbeek a Dutch academic. From 1797 to 1847 he was the first professor of the Dutch language at the University of Leiden. From 1803 he was the member, then secretary, of the head-office of that university's literary faculty. Initially he was a Mennonite voorganger in Dokkum
1855 Adam Mickiewicz a Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature, and political activist. He is regarded as national poet in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. A principal figure in Polish Romanticism, he is counted one of Poland's "Three Bards" and is widely regarded as Poland's greatest poet. He is also considered one of the greatest Slavic and European poets and has been dubbed a "Slavic bard". A leading Romantic dramatist, he has been compared in Poland and Europe to Byron and Goethe
1857 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff a German poet and novelist of the later German romantic school.
1859 Jacques Denys Choisy a Swiss Protestant clergyman and botanist.
1861 Wilhelm Hensel a German painter, brother of Luise Hensel, husband to Fanny Mendelssohn, and brother-in-law to Felix Mendelssohn.
1863 Frederick William Faber a noted English hymn writer and theologian, who converted from Anglicanism to the Catholic priesthood. His best-known work is Faith of Our Fathers. Though he was a Roman Catholic writing for fellow Catholics at that point, many of his hymns today are sung by Protestant congregations
1863 Natalia Pushkina the wife of the Russian poet Alexander Pushkin from 1831 until his death in 1837 in a duel with Georges d'Anthès. Natalya was married to Major-General Petr Petrovich Lanskoy from 1844 until her death in 1863
1865 Celestino Cavedoni an Italian ecclesiastic, archeologist, and numismatist.
1870 Franz Graf von Wimpffen an Austrian General and Admiral who served as Administrative Head of the Austro-Hungarian Navy from 1851 to 1854.
1871 Prince Gaetan Count of Girgenti the seventh child of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Theresa of Austria. Gaetan was a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and consort to Isabella, Princess of Asturias, twice the recognized heir presumptive to the throne of Spain. Through this union, Gaetan was created an Infante of Spain
1872 Pavel Kiselyov generally regarded as the most brilliant Russian reformer during Nicholas I's generally conservative reign.
1873 Georg Amadeus Carl Friedrich Naumann a German mineralogist and geologist. The crater Naumann on the Moon is named after him
1881 Johann Ludwig Krapf a German missionary in East Africa, as well as an explorer, linguist, and traveler. Krapf played an important role in exploring East Africa with Johannes Rebmann. They were the first Europeans to see Mount Kenya and Kilimanjaro. Krapf also played a key role in exploring the East African coastline
1882 Otto Theodor von Manteuffel a conservative Prussian statesman, serving nearly a decade as prime minister.
1883 Sojourner Truth an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist. Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, Ulster County, New York, but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. After going to court to recover her son, she became the first black woman to win such a case against a white man. Sojourner Truth was named Isabella Baumfree when she was born. She gave herself the name Sojourner Truth in 1843. Her best-known extemporaneous speech on gender inequalities, "Ain't I a Woman?", was delivered in 1851 at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio. During the Civil War, Truth helped recruit black troops for the Union Army; after the war, she tried unsuccessfully to secure land grants from the federal government for former slaves
1885 Thomas Andrews (scientist) a chemist and physicist who did important work on phase transitions between gases and liquids. He was a longtime professor of chemistry at Queen's University of Belfast
1892 Charles Lavigerie a French cardinal, archbishop of Carthage and Algiers and primate of Africa. A Catholic priest who became a bishop in France, Lavigerie established French Catholic missions and missionary orders to work across Africa. Lavigerie promoted Catholicism among the Arabs and Berbers of North Africa, as well as the black natives further south. He was equally ardent to transform them into French subjects. He crusaded against the slave trade, for which he founded the order of priests called the White Fathers, so named for their white cassocks and red fezzes. He also established similar orders of brothers and nuns. He sent his missionaries to the Sahara, Sudan, Tunisia, and Tripolitania. His efforts were supported by the Pope and German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. Although anti-clericalism was a major issue in France, the secular leader Léon Gambetta proclaimed that “anti-clericalism is not an article for export,” and supported his work
1894 Christopher Szwernicki a priest of the Congregation of Marian Fathers. In 1849, he was deported to Irkutsk, where he worked until his death as a parish priest of the largest parish in the world. In 1888 he was dubbed "Apostle of Siberia" by Pope Leo XIII
1895 George Edward Dobson a zoologist, photographer and army surgeon.
1896 Benjamin Apthorp Gould a pioneering American astronomer. He is noted for creating the Astronomical Journal, discovering the Gould Belt, and for founding of the Argentine National Observatory and the Argentine National Weather Service
1896 Coventry Patmore an English poet and critic best known for The Angel in the House, his narrative poem about an ideal happy marriage.