Died on November 27

8 Horace the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus. The rhetorician Quintillian regarded his Odes as just about the only Latin lyrics worth reading: "He can be lofty sometimes, yet he is also full of charm and grace, versatile in his figures, and felicitously daring in his choice of words."
450 Galla Placidia the Regent for Emperor Valentinian III from 423 until his majority in 437, and a major force in Roman politics for most of her life. She was consort to Ataulf, King of the Goths from 414 until his death in 415, and Empress consort to Constantius III from 417 until his death in 422
602 Maurice (emperor) Byzantine Emperor from 582 to 602.
657 Clovis II succeeded his father Dagobert I in 639 as King of Neustria and Burgundy. His brother Sigebert III had been King of Austrasia since 634. He was initially under the regency of his mother Nanthild until her death in her early thirties in 642. This death allowed him to fall under the influence of the secular magnates, who reduced the royal power in their own favour. Clovis' wife, Balthild, was an Anglo-Saxon aristocrat sold into slavery in Gaul. She had been owned by Clovis' mayor of the palace, Erchinoald, who gave her to him to garner royal favour. She bore him three sons who all became kings after his death. The eldest, Chlothar, succeeded him and his second eldest, Childeric, was eventually placed on the Austrasian throne by Ebroin. The youngest, Theuderic, succeeded Childeric in Neustria and eventually became the sole king of the Franks
784 Vergilius of Salzburg an Irish churchman, an early astronomer, bishop of Ossory and lster, bishop of Salzburg. He was called "the geometer"
1198 Constance Queen of Sicily the heiress of the Norman kings of Sicily and the wife of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor. She was Queen of Sicily in 1194–98, jointly with her husband from 1194 to 1197, and with her infant son Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1198
1252 Blanche of Castile Queen of France as the wife of Louis VIII. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis She was born in Palencia, Spain, 1188, the third daughter of Alfonso VIII, king of Castile, and Eleanor of England. Eleanor was a daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine
1308 Otto IV Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal the Margrave of Brandenburg from the House of Ascania from 1266 until his death.
1346 Gregory of Sinai instrumental in the emergence of "technical" Hesychasm on Athos in the early 14th century.
1363 Theodosius of Tarnovo a high-ranking 14th-century Bulgarian cleric and hermit and the person credited with establishing hesychasm in the Second Bulgarian Empire. A disciple of Gregory of Sinai, Theodosius founded the Kilifarevo monastery and school near the then-Bulgarian capital Tarnovo and took an important part in the condemning of various heresies during the reign of Tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
1382 Philip van Artevelde a Flemish patriot, the son of Jacob van Artevelde. Because of his father's prominence he was godson of English queen Philippa of Hainault, who held him in her arms during his baptism
1474 Guillaume Dufay a Franco-Flemish composer of the early Renaissance. As the central figure in the Burgundian School, he was the most famous and influential composer in Europe in the mid-15th century
1553 Şehzade Cihangir the sixth and youngest child of Hürrem Sultan and the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. From birth, he had many problems of health and developed a deformity. He was very well educated and said to be one of the cleverest of his siblings and half-siblings. Reports suggest he later died of "grief" at the news of the execution of his half-brother, Mustafa, ordered by his father, Sultan Suleiman
1570 Jacopo Sansovino an Italian sculptor and architect, known best for his works around the Piazza San Marco in Venice. Andrea Palladio, in the Preface to his Quattro Libri was of the opinion that Sansovino's Biblioteca Marciana was the best building erected since Antiquity. Giorgio Vasari uniquely printed his Vita of Sansovino separately
1592 Nakagawa Hidemasa a samurai commander in the Azuchi-Momoyama period. He was the eldest son of Nakagawa Kiyohide. His young brother was Nakagawa Hidenari. His wife was Tsuruhime who was the daughter of Oda Nobunaga
1632 John Eliot (statesman) an English statesman who was serially imprisoned in the Tower of London, where he eventually died, by King Charles I for advocating the rights and privileges of Parliament.
1644 Francisco Pacheco an important source for the study of 17th-century practice in Spain. He is described by some as the Vasari of Seville: voluble and didactic about his theories of painting and thoughts about painters, conventional and uninspired in his executions
1661 Teofila Zofia Sobieska a Polish noblewoman , mother of Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland.
1703 Henry Winstanley an English painter and engineer who constructed the first Eddystone lighthouse.
1720 Willem van Outhoorn Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1691 to 1704. He was born and died in the Dutch East Indies
1731 Innocent of Irkutsk a missionary to Siberia and the first bishop of Irkutsk in Russia.
1749 Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel a prolific German baroque composer.
1754 Abraham de Moivre a French mathematician known for de Moivre's formula, one of those that link complex numbers and trigonometry, and for his work on the normal distribution and probability theory. He was a friend of Isaac Newton, Edmond Halley, and James Stirling. Among his fellow Huguenot exiles in England, he was a colleague of the editor and translator Pierre des Maizeaux
1758 Senesino a celebrated Italian contralto castrato, particularly remembered today for his long collaboration with the composer George Frideric Handel.
1763 Princess Isabella of Parma the daughter of Infante Felipe of Spain, Duke of Parma and his wife Louise Elisabeth, eldest daughter of Louis XV of France and Maria Leszczyńska. Her paternal grandparents were Philip V of Spain and his second wife, Elisabeth of Parma
1764 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Menshikov a son of Prince Menshikov who, at one stage, was betrothed to Grand Duchess Natalya Alexeyevna, a granddaughter of Peter the Great. He later served as an officer in the Russian army
1810 Francesco Bianchi (composer) an Italian opera composer. Born at Cremona, Lombardy, he studied with Pasquale Cafaro and Niccolò Jommelli, and worked mainly in London, Paris and in all the major Italian operatic centres of Venice, Naples, Rome, Milan, Turin, Florence
1811 Andrew Meikle a Scottish mechanical engineer credited with inventing the threshing machine, a device used to remove the outer husks from grains of wheat. He also had a hand in assisting Firbeck in the invention of the Rotherham Plough. This was regarded as one of the key developments of the British Agricultural Revolution in the late 18th century. The invention was made around 1786, although some say he only improved on an earlier design
1811 Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos a Spanish neoclassical statesman, author, philosopher and a major figure of the Age of Enlightenment in Spain.
1825 Antoine-Athanase Royer-Collard a French physician who was born in the village of Sompuis, département Marne. He was a younger brother to philosopher Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard
1830 André Parmentier (landscape architect) the one of a generation of American landscape designers who arrived from Europe in the early years after Independence. Many of these designers, including William Russell Birch and George Isham Parkyns, also practiced landscape depiction, reinforcing the picturesque connection of landscape art as both making and representing places
1833 Philip Reinagle an English animal, landscape and botanical painter. The son of an Hungarian musician living in Edinburgh, Reinagle came to London in 1763 and after serving an apprenticeship, later became a member of the Royal Academy
1838 Georges Mouton a French soldier and political figure who rose to the rank of Marshal of France.
1852 Ada Lovelace an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is recognised as the first algorithm intended to be carried out by a machine. Because of this, she is often described as the world's first computer programmer
1855 Jacques Arago a French writer, artist and explorer, author of a Voyage Round the World.
1860 Ludwig Rellstab a German poet and music critic. He was born and died in Berlin. He was the son of the music publisher and composer Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab. An able pianist, he published articles in various periodicals, including the influential liberal Vossische Zeitung, and launched the music journal Iris im Gebiete der Tonkunst, which was published in Berlin from 1830 to 1841. His outspoken criticism of the influence in Berlin of Gaspare Spontini landed him in jail in 1837
1864 Teodor Narbutt a Polonophone writer of Lithuanian descent, Romantic historian and military engineer in service of Russian Empire. He is best remembered as the author of a ten-volume Polish-language history of Lithuania from the early Middle Ages to the Union of Lublin
1867 Arthur Benni a Polish-born English citizen, known in Russia as a journalist, Hertzen associate, Socialist activist and women liberation commune-founder. He served a three months prison sentence as part of the "32 Process", was deported from the country and died in 1867 in Rome hospital, after having been injured, as a member of the Giuseppe Garibaldi's squad. Arthur Benni's activities and persona caused controversy in Russia where rumours of him being a spy and a 3rd Department agent were being spread, much to his outrage and distress. Ivan Turgenev and Nikolai Leskov did much to clear Benni's name. The latter wrote a posthumous essay on him called The Mystery Man
1868 Black Kettle a leader of the Southern Cheyenne after 1854, who led efforts to resist American settlement from Kansas and Colorado territories. He was a peacemaker who accepted treaties to protect his people. He survived the Third Colorado Cavalry's Sand Creek Massacre on the Cheyenne reservation in 1864. He and his wife were among those killed in 1868 at the Battle of Washita River, in a US Army attack on their camp by George Armstrong Custer
1869 José Hilario López a Colombian politician and military officer. He was the President of Colombia between 1849 and 1853
1872 Agustín Morales a military officer and de facto President of Bolivia between 1871 and 1872.
1875 Richard Christopher Carrington an English amateur astronomer whose 1859 astronomical observations demonstrated the existence of solar flares as well as suggesting their electrical influence upon the Earth and its aurorae; and whose 1863 records of sunspot observations revealed the differential rotation of the Sun.
1884 Fanny Elssler an Austrian ballerina of the Romantic Period.
1885 Friedrich Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg the third Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. Friedrich was the second-eldest son of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel and an elder brother of Christian IX of Denmark. Friedrich inherited the title of Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg upon his childless brother Karl's death on 14 October 1878
1888 Wilhelm Hertenstein a Swiss politician.
1890 Emanuele Muzio an Italian composer, conductor and vocal teacher. He was a lifelong friend and the only student of Giuseppe Verdi
1893 Dmitry Dmitriyevich Smyshlyayev a Russian historian, ethnographer and politician. He is known for study of history of Perm and Perm Governorate
1894 Johanna von Puttkamer a Prussian noblewoman, also known as Johanna von Bismarck. She was the sister of statesman Robert von Puttkamer
1895 Alexandre Dumas fils a French writer and dramatist, best known for Camille. He was the son of Alexandre Dumas, père, also a writer and playwright
1897 James Bateman a British landowner and accomplished horticulturist. He developed Biddulph Grange after moving there around 1840, from nearby Knypersley Hall in Staffordshire, England. He created the famous gardens at Biddulph with the aid of his friend and painter of seascapes Edward William Cooke. From 1865–70 he was president of the North Staffordshire Field Club, the large local club which researched in local natural history and folklore