November 27 events in history

25 Luoyang is declared capital of the Eastern Han dynasty by Emperor Guangwu of Han
176 Emperor Marcus Aurelius grants his son Commodus the rank of "Imperator" and makes him Supreme Commander of the Roman legions
395 Rufinus, praetorian prefect of the East, is murdered by Gothic mercenaries under Gainas
511 King Clovis I dies at Paris ("Lutetia") and is buried in the Abbey of St Genevieve. The Merovingian dynasty is continued by his four sons, Theuderic I, Chlodomer, Childebert I and Chlothar I, who divide the Frankish Kingdom and rule from the capitals at Metz, Orléans, Paris and Soissons
602 Emperor Maurice is forced to watch his five sons be executed before being beheaded himself; their bodies are thrown into the sea and their heads are exhibited in Constantinople
1095 Pope Urban II declares the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont
1703 The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703
1727 The foundation stone to the Jerusalem Church in Berlin is laid
1807 The Portuguese Royal Family leaves Lisbon to escape from Napoleonic troops
1810 The Berners Street hoax was perpetrated by Theodore Hook in the City of Westminster, London
1815 Adoption of Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland
1830 Saint Catherine Labouré experiences a vision of the Blessed Virgin standing on a globe, crushing a serpent with her feet, and emanating rays of light from her hands
1835 James Pratt and John Smith are hanged in London; they are the last two to be executed for sodomy in England
1839 In Boston, Massachusetts, the American Statistical Association is founded
1856 The Coup of 1856 leads to Luxembourg's unilateral adoption of a new, reactionary constitution
1863 American Civil War: Battle of Mine Run: Union forces under General George Meade take up positions against troops led by Confederate General Robert E. Lee
1863 American Civil War: Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and several of his men escape the Ohio Penitentiary and return safely to the South
1868 American Indian Wars: Battle of Washita River: United States Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer leads an attack on Cheyenne living on reservation land
1886 German judge Emil Hartwich sustains fatal injuries in a duel, which would become the background for Theodor Fontane's Effi Briest
1895 At the Swedish–Norwegian Club in Paris, Alfred Nobel signs his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after he dies
1901 The U.S. Army War College is established
1912 Spain declares a protectorate over the north shore of Morocco
1924 In New York City, the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held
1940 World War II: At the Battle of Cape Spartivento, the Royal Navy engages the Regia Marina in the Mediterranean Sea
1940 In Romania, the ruling Iron Guard fascist party assassinates over 60 of arrested King Carol II of Romania's aides and other political dissidents, including former Prime Minister Nicolae Iorga
1942 World War II: At Toulon, the French navy scuttles its ships and submarines to keep them out of Nazi hands
1944 World War II: RAF Fauld explosion: An explosion at a Royal Air Force ammunition dump in Staffordshire kills seventy people
1954 Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury
1963 The Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention is signed at Strasbourg
1965 Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned operations are to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam has to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000
1968 Penny Ann Early became the first woman to play major professional basketball, for the Kentucky Colonels in an ABA game against the Los Angeles Stars
1971 The Soviet space program's Mars 2 orbiter releases a descent module. It malfunctions and crashes, but it is the first man-made object to reach the surface of Mars
1973 Twenty-fifth Amendment: The United States Senate votes 92 to 3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States. (On December 6, the House will confirm him 387 to 35)
1975 The Provisional IRA assassinates Ross McWhirter, after a press conference in which McWhirter had announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England
1978 The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) is founded in the city of Riha (Urfa) in Turkey
1978 In San Francisco, city mayor George Moscone and openly gay city supervisor Harvey Milk are assassinated by former supervisor Dan White
1983 Avianca Flight 011: A Boeing 747 crashes near Madrid's Barajas Airport, killing 181
1984 Under the Brussels Agreement signed between the governments of the United Kingdom and Spain, the former agreed to enter into discussions with Spain over Gibraltar, including sovereignty
1989 Avianca Flight 203: A Boeing 727 explodes in mid-air over Colombia, killing all 107 people on board and three people on the ground. The Medellín Cartel will claim responsibility for the attack
1991 The United Nations Security Council adopts Security Council Resolution 721, leading the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia
1992 For the second time in a year, military forces try to overthrow president Carlos Andrés Pérez in Venezuela
1997 Twenty-five are killed in the second Souhane massacre in Algeria
1999 The left-wing Labour Party takes control of the New Zealand government with leader Helen Clark becoming the first elected female Prime Minister in New Zealand's history
2000 In the Canadian federal election the Liberal Party of Canada wins its third consecutive election with a gain in the number of its members
2001 A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet
2004 Pope John Paul II returns the relics of Saint John Chrysostom to the Eastern Orthodox Church
2005 The first partial human face transplant is completed in Amiens, France
2006 The Canadian House of Commons approves a motion tabled by Prime Minister Stephen Harper recognizing the Québécois as a nation within Canada
2009 Nevsky Express bombing: A bomb explodes on the Nevsky Express train between Moscow and Saint Petersburg, derailing it and causing 28 deaths and 96 injuries