Born on November 28

1118 Manuel I Komnenos a Byzantine Emperor of the 12th century who reigned over a crucial turning point in the history of Byzantium and the Mediterranean.
1122 Ottokar II of Styria Margrave of Styria. He was the son of Ottokar I and grandfather of Ottokar III, from the dynasty of the Otakars. In the investiture dispute, he sided with the pope, which resulted in a battle with his brother Adalbero, who sided with the emperor, but died in 1086 or 1087. After the Eppensteiner dynasty was extinct, Ottokar inherited their possessions in the Mur and Mürz valley. He founded the Benedictine monastery in Garsten in 1108
1293 Yesün Temür Khan Emperor Taiding of Yuan a great-grandson of Kublai Khan and ruled as Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty from 1323 to 1328. He is regarded as the 10th Khagan of the Mongols in Mongolia. In Chinese, Yesün Temür Khan, who was very fond of the traditional ways of the Mongols, is known as the Emperor Taiding from his era's name. His name means "nine iron Khan" in the Mongolian language
1470 Wen Zhengming a leading Ming dynasty painter, calligrapher, and scholar.
1489 Margaret Tudor the elder of the two surviving daughters of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, and the elder sister of Henry VIII. In 1503, she married James IV, King of Scots. James died in 1513, and their son became King James She married secondly Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus. Through her first and second marriages, respectively, Margaret was the grandmother of both Mary, Queen of Scots, and Mary's second husband, Lord Darnley. Margaret's marriage to James IV foreshadowed the Union of the Crowns - their great-grandson, King James VI of Scotland, the child of Mary and Darnley, also became the king of England and Ireland on the death of Margaret's fraternal niece, Elizabeth I of England in 1603
1556 Francesco Contarini the 95th Doge of Venice, reigning from September 8, 1623 until his death fourteen months later.
1563 Hosokawa Tadaoki a Japanese samurai warrior of the late Sengoku period and early Edo period.
1570 James Whitelocke an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1610 and 1622.
1592 Hong Taiji an Emperor of the Qing dynasty. He was responsible for consolidating the empire that his father Nurhaci had founded. He laid the groundwork for the conquering of the Ming dynasty, although he died before this was accomplished. He was also responsible for changing the name of his people from Jurchen to Manchu in 1635, as well as that of the dynasty from Later Jin to Qing in 1636. The Qing dynasty lasted until 1912
1598 Hans Nansen a Danish statesman.
1628 John Bunyan an English Christian writer and preacher. He is the author of The Pilgrim's Progress, arguably the most famous published Christian allegory. In addition to The Pilgrim's Progress, Bunyan wrote nearly sixty titles, many of them expanded sermons
1632 Jean-Baptiste Lully an Italian-born French composer, instrumentalist, and dancer who spent most of his life working in the court of Louis XIV of France. He is considered the chief master of the French baroque style. Lully disavowed any Italian influence in French music of the period. He became a French subject in 1661
1640 Willem de Vlamingh a Dutch sea-captain who explored the central west coast of Australia in the late 17th century.
1657 Philip Prospero Prince of Asturias the first son of Philip IV of Spain and Mariana of Austria to survive infancy. Philip IV had no male heir since the death of Balthasar Charles, his son by his first wife, Elisabeth of France, eleven years before, and the issue of succession, as Spain's strength continued to ebb, had become a matter of fervent and anxious prayer
1660 Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria Dauphine of France as spouse of Louis, Grand Dauphin, son and heir of Louis XIV. She was known as the Dauphine Marie Anne Victoire or la Grande Dauphine. The dauphine was a 'pathetic' figure at the court of France, isolated and unappreciated due to the perception that she was dull, unattractive and sickly
1661 Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach a German noblewomen, and by her marriage to Ernest Louis countess of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage took place in 1 December 1687
1661 Edward Hyde 3rd Earl of Clarendon perhaps best known for the claims of his cross-dressing while in office.
1681 Jean Cavalier born at Mas Roux, a small hamlet in the commune of Ribaute near Anduze.
1694 Leopold Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen. Today, he is probably best remembered for employing Johann Sebastian Bach as his Kapellmeister between 1717 and 1723
1700 Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach queen-consort of Denmark and Norway as the wife of King Christian VI of Denmark and Norway.
1700 Nathaniel Bliss an English astronomer of the 18th century, serving as Britain's fourth Astronomer Royal between 1762 and 1764.
1757 William Blake an English painter, poet and printmaker. Largely unrecognised during his lifetime, Blake is now considered a seminal figure in the history of the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age. His prophetic poetry has been said to form "what is in proportion to its merits the least read body of poetry in the English language". His visual artistry led one contemporary art critic to proclaim him "far and away the greatest artist Britain has ever produced". In 2002, Blake was placed at number 38 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. Although he lived in London his entire life , he produced a diverse and symbolically rich oeuvre, which embraced the imagination as "the body of God" or "human existence itself"
1772 Johann Gottfried Jakob Hermann a German classical scholar and philologist.
1772 Luke Howard a British manufacturing chemist and an amateur meteorologist with broad interests in science. His lasting contribution to science is a nomenclature system for clouds, which he proposed in an 1802 presentation to the Askesian Society
1773 Baron Johann von Wessenberg-Ampringen an Austrian diplomat statesman.
1774 Frederick IV Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg the last duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
1774 Princess Maria Antonia of Parma a Princess of Parma, daughter of Duke Ferdinand I of Parma and his wife, Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria. Contrary to what has been frequently stated, she was not named after her aunt, Queen Marie Antoinette of France, who was not her godmother. Maria Antonia's godparents were her uncle, Emperor Joseph II, and her father's aunt, Maria Antonia of Spain, Queen of Sardinia, after whom the princess was named
1780 Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand Solger a German philosopher and academic. He is known as a theorist of Romanticism, and of irony
1781 Kikuchi Yōsai a Japanese painter most famous for his monochrome portraits of historical figures.
1784 Ferdinand Ries a German composer. Ries was a friend, pupil and secretary of Ludwig van Beethoven. He composed eight symphonies, a violin concerto, eight piano concertos and numerous other works in many genres, including 26 string quartets. In 1838 he published a collection of reminiscences of his teacher Beethoven, co-written with Franz Wegeler. The symphonies, some chamber works—most of them with piano— his violin concerto and his piano concertos have been recorded, demonstrating a style which is, unsurprising due to his connection to Beethoven, somewhere between those of the Classical and early Romantic eras
1785 Victor de Broglie (1785–1870) a French statesman and diplomat. He was twice President of the Council during the July Monarchy, from August 1830 to November 1830 and from March 1835 to February 1836. Victor de Broglie was close to the liberal Doctrinaires who opposed the ultra-royalists and were absorbed, under Louis-Philippe's rule, by the Orléanists
1792 Jacob van Heeckeren tot Enghuizen a Dutch diplomat. He received the title baron of the First French Empire in 1813
1792 Victor Cousin a French philosopher. He was a proponent of Scottish Common Sense Realism and had an important influence on French educational policy
1793 Carl Jonas Love Almqvist a romantic poet, early feminist, realist, composer, social critic and traveller.
1805 John Lloyd Stephens an American explorer, writer, and diplomat. Stephens was a pivotal figure in the rediscovery of Maya civilization throughout Middle America and in the planning of the Panama railroad
1810 William Froude an English engineer, hydrodynamicist and naval architect. He was the first to formulate reliable laws for the resistance that water offers to ships and for predicting their stability
1810 Louis Plaidy a celebrated German piano pedagogue and compiler of books of technical music studies.
1811 Maximilian II of Bavaria king of Bavaria from 1848 until 1864. He was son of Ludwig I and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen
1812 Ludvig Mathias Lindeman a Norwegian composer and organist. He is most noted for compiling Norwegian folk music in his work Ældre og nyere norske Fjeldmelodier
1812 George Ticknor Curtis an American author, writer, historian and lawyer.
1813 Hermann Gemmel a German architect, painter, and art teacher at the Kunstakademie Königsberg.
1813 Carel Gabriel Cobet a Dutch classical scholar.
1820 Friedrich Engels a German social scientist, author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, together with Karl Marx. In 1845 he published The Condition of the Working Class in England, based on personal observations and research in Manchester
1822 Nikolay Danilevsky a Russian naturalist, economist, ethnologist, philosopher, historian, and ideologue of the pan-Slavism and Slavophile movement who expounded a view of world history as circular.
1826 Matvey Gusev a Russian astronomer who worked at Pulkovo Observatory near Petersburg from 1850 to 1852 and then at Vilnius Observatory thereafter.
1832 Leslie Stephen an English author, critic and mountaineer, and the father of Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell.
1837 John Wesley Hyatt an American inventor. He is mainly known for simplifying the production of celluloid, the first industrial plastic. Hyatt, a Perkin Medal recipient, is an inductee into the National Inventors Hall of Fame
1838 Alexander Opekushin a Russian sculptor. Among his works are part of the sculptures of the Millennium of Russia monument in Velikiy Novgorod , the monument to Alexander Pushkin in Moscow , the monument to Mikhail Lermontov in Pyatigorsk , the monument to Alexander II in Moscow , the monument to Alexander III in Moscow
1841 Chrétien Waydelich a French croquet player and Olympic champion. He received a gold medal in Singles, two balls at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris beating Maurice Vignerot. He was also the bronze medalist for Singles, one ball according to the IOC database
1850 Gotthardt Kuehl a German painter and a representative of early German Impressionism. He gained wide international recognition during his lifetime