Died on November 28

741 Pope Gregory III Pope from 11 February 731 to his death in 741. His pontificate, like that of his predecessor, was disturbed by the iconoclastic controversy in the Byzantine Empire, and by the ongoing advance of the Lombards, in which he invoked the intervention of Charles Martel, although ultimately in vain. He was the last non-European Pope until the election of Pope Francis in 2013, 1,272 years later
1058 Casimir I the Restorer a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de jure monarch of the entire country from 1034 until his death.
1170 Frederick V Duke of Swabia duke of Swabia from 1167 to his death. He was the eldest son of Frederick III Barbarossa and Beatrice I, Countess of Burgundy
1261 Al-Mustansir (Cairo) a member of the Abbasid house who, following the sack of Baghdad by the Mongols in 1258, was installed as Caliph in Cairo, Egypt by the Mamluk Sultans in 1261. He was sent with an army east to recover Baghdad, but was killed in a Mongol ambush in 1261, and was succeeded by his kinsman Al-Hakim The line of Cairo caliphs he founded lasted until the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517, but they were little more than religious figureheads for the Mamluks
1290 Eleanor of Castile the first queen consort of Edward I of England. She was also Countess of Ponthieu in her own right from 1279 until her death in 1290, succeeding her mother and ruling together with her husband
1317 Yishan Yining a Chinese Buddhist monk who traveled to Japan. Before monkhood his family name was Hu.. He was born in 1247 in Linhai, Taizhou, Zhejiang, China. He was a monk of the Linji school during the Yuan Dynasty of China, and subsequently a Rinzai Zen master who rose to prominence in Kamakura Japan. He was one of the chief disseminators of Zen Buddhism among the new militarized nobility of Japan, a calligrapher and a writer. Mastering a variety of literary genres and being a prolific teacher, he is mostly remembered as the pioneer of Japanese Gozan Bungaku literature, that recreated in Japan the literary forms of Song China
1499 Edward Plantagenet 17th Earl of Warwick the son of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, and a potential claimant to the English throne during the reigns of both Richard III and his successor, Henry VII. He was also a younger brother of Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury
1574 Georg Major a Lutheran theologian of the Protestant Reformation. He was born in Nuremberg and died at Wittenberg
1585 Hernando Franco a Spanish composer of the Renaissance, who was mainly active in Guatemala and Mexico.
1651 Ajige a prince and general of the Qing Dynasty. He was born of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan as the 12th son of Nurhaci, khan of the Later Jin Dynasty
1667 Jean de Thévenot a French traveller in the East, who wrote extensively about his journeys. He was also a linguist, natural scientist and botanist
1675 Leonard Hoar an English-born early American minister and educator, who spent a short and troubled term as President of Harvard College.
1675 Basil Feilding 2nd Earl of Denbigh the eldest son of William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh.
1680 Gian Lorenzo Bernini an Italian artist and a prominent architect who worked principally in Rome. He was the leading sculptor of his age, credited with creating the Baroque style of sculpture. In addition, he painted, wrote plays, and designed metalwork and stage sets
1680 Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi an Italian architect and painter, named Il Bolognese from the place of his birth. Grimaldi was a relative of the Carracci family, under whom it is presumed he first apprenticed
1685 Nicolas de Neufville de Villeroy a French nobleman and marshal of France. He was marquis then 1st duke of Villeroy and peer of France, marquis d'Alincourt and lord of Magny, and acted as governor of the young Louis XIV. His son François succeeded him as duke. He was the lover of Catherine-Charlotte de Gramont
1688 Bohuslav Balbín in large part responsible for the developed legend of Saint John of Nepomuk. Balbín graduated University of Olomouc
1694 Matsuo Bashō the most famous poet of the Edo period in Japan. During his lifetime, Bashō was recognized for his works in the collaborative haikai no renga form; today, after centuries of commentary, he is recognized as the greatest master of haiku. Matsuo Bashō's poetry is internationally renowned; and, in Japan, many of his poems are reproduced on monuments and traditional sites. Although Bashō is justifiably famous in the West for his hokku, he himself believed his best work lay in leading and participating in renku. He is quoted as saying, “Many of my followers can write hokku as well as I can. Where I show who I really am is in linking haikai verses.”
1695 Anthony Wood an English antiquary.
1695 Giovanni Paolo Colonna an Italian composer, teacher, organist and organ builder. In addition to being chapel-master and organist of San Petronio Basilica in Bologna, he served prominent members of the courts of Ferrara, Parma, Modena and Florence. He was a founder-member and president of the Accademia Filarmonica di Bologna. Emperor Leopold I collected manuscripts of his sacred music, which reflects the Roman church cantata style of Giacomo Carissimi and looks forward to the manner of George Frideric Handel
1698 Louis de Buade de Frontenac a French soldier, courtier, and Governor General of New France from 1672 to 1682 and from 1689 to his death in 1698. He established a number of forts on the Great Lakes and engaged in a series of battles against the English and the Iroquois
1725 Nikita Demidov a Russian industrialist who founded the Demidov industrial dynasty.
1747 Karl Leopold Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1713 to 1747.
1763 Naungdawgyi king of Konbaung Dynasty of Burma from 1760 to 1763. He was a top military commander in his father Alaungpaya's reunification campaigns of the country. As king, he spent much of his short reign suppressing multiple rebellions across the newly founded kingdom from Ava and Toungoo to Martaban and Chiang Mai. The king suddenly died less than a year after he had successfully suppressed the rebellions. He was succeeded by his younger brother Hsinbyushin
1779 Wilhelm Sebastian von Belling a Prussian Hussar general under Frederick the Great.
1785 William Whipple a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Hampshire.
1794 Cesare Beccaria an Italian criminologist, jurist, philosopher, and politician best known for his treatise On Crimes and Punishments , which condemned torture and the death penalty, and was a founding work in the field of penology and the Classical School of criminology. He promoted criminal justice
1794 Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben a Prussian-born military officer. He served as inspector general and Major General of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He is credited with being one of the fathers of the Continental Army in teaching them the essentials of military drills, tactics, and disciplines. He wrote Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States, the book that served as the standard United States drill manual until the War of 1812. He served as General George Washington's chief of staff in the final years of the war
1801 Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu a French geologist; the mineral and the rock dolomite and the largest summital crater on the Piton de la Fournaise volcano were named after him.
1815 Johann Peter Salomon a German violinist, composer, conductor and musical impresario.
1822 Slimane of Morocco the Sultan of Morocco from 1792 to 1822. Slimane was one of five sons of Mohammed III who fought a civil war for control of the kingdom. Slimane emerged victorious in 1795, and the country remained largely passive for the subsequent decades of his rule. He was a member of the Alaouite dynasty
1825 Maximilien Sébastien Foy a French military leader, statesman and writer.
1826 Francis Rawdon-Hastings 1st Marquess of Hastings an Anglo-Irish British politician and military officer who served as Governor-General of India from 1813 to 1823. He had also served with British forces for years during the American Revolutionary War and in 1794 during the French Revolutionary Wars. He took the additional surname 'Hastings' in 1790 in compliance with the will of his maternal uncle, Francis Hastings, 10th Earl of Huntingdon
1843 József Ficzkó a Slovene born Roman Catholic priest and writer. After becoming priest in the village of Peresznye near the actual Hungarian-Austrian border he became one of the most important Burgenland Croatian writers of his time
1849 Codrington Edmund Carrington an English barrister, Chief justice of Ceylon, and a member of the UK Parliament.
1852 Emmanuil Xanthos a Greek merchant, He was one of the founders of the Filiki Eteria , a Greek conspiratorial organization against the Ottoman Empire.
1852 Ludger Duvernay born in Verchères, Quebec, Canada.
1859 Washington Irving an American author, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" , both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors and the Alhambra. Irving served as the U.S. ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846
1862 Karl Ferdinand Wimar a German-American painter who concentrated on Native Americans in the West and the great herds of buffalo.
1865 Johann Martin Lappenberg a German historian.
1870 Frédéric Bazille a French Impressionist painter. Many of Bazille's major works are examples of figure painting in which Bazille placed the subject figure within a landscape painted en plein air
1871 Théophile Ferré one of the members of the Paris Commune, who authorized the execution of Georges Darboy, the archbishop of Paris, and five other hostages, on 24 May, 1871. He was captured by the army, tried by a military court, and was shot at Satory, an army camp southwest of Versailles. He was the first of twenty-five Commune members to be executed for their role in the Paris Commune
1872 Mary Somerville a Scottish science writer and polymath, at a time when women's participation in science was discouraged. She studied mathematics and astronomy, and was nominated to be jointly the first female member of the Royal Astronomical Society at the same time as Caroline Herschel
1878 Orson Hyde a leader in the early Latter Day Saint movement and an original member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. He was the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 to 1875 and was a missionary of the LDS Church in the United States, Europe, and the Ottoman Empire
1889 Richard von Volkmann a prominent German surgeon and author of poetry and fiction.
1890 Jyotirao Phule an Indian activist, thinker, social reformer, writer and theologist from Maharashtra. He and his wife, Savitribai Phule, were pioneers of women's education in India. His work extended to many fields including education, agriculture, caste system, women and widow upliftment and removal of untouchability. He is most known for his efforts to educate women and the lower castes as well as the masses. He, after educating his wife, opened the first school for girls in India in August 1848
1894 Charles Thomas Newton a British archaeologist. He was made KCB in 1887
1898 Conrad Ferdinand Meyer a Swiss poet and historical novelist, a master of realism chiefly remembered for stirring narrative ballads like "Die Füße im Feuer".
1899 Virginia Oldoini Countess of Castiglione born to an aristocratic family from La Spezia. She was a 19th-century Italian aristocrat who achieved notoriety as a mistress of Emperor Napoleon III of France. She was also a significant figure in the early history of photography
1900 Alexander Cameron Sim a Scottish-born pharmacist and entrepreneur active in Japan during the Meiji period. He was also the founder of the Kobe Regatta & Athletic Club