Born on November 29

826 William of Septimania the son of Bernard and Dhuoda. He was the Count of Toulouse from 844 and Count of Barcelona from 848
1293 Matilda of Hainaut the Princess of Achaea from 1313 to 1318.
1329 John I Duke of Bavaria the Duke of Lower Bavaria since 1339.
1338 Lionel of Antwerp 1st Duke of Clarence the third son, but the second son to survive infancy, of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was so called because he was born at Antwerp. Prince Lionel was a true Fleming; born in Flanders of a Flemish mother and the grandson of William I, Count of Hainaut. He grew to be nearly seven feet in height and, being athletic in proportions, was a champion of whom any country might be proud
1427 Zhengtong Emperor an emperor of the Ming Dynasty. He ruled as the Zhengtong Emperor from 1435 to 1449, and as the Tianshun Emperor from 1457 to 1464. His first era name means "Right governance" and the second one means "Obedient to Heaven"
1466 Agostino Chigi an Italian banker and patron of the Renaissance.
1484 Joachim Vadian a Swiss Humanist and scholar and also mayor and reformer in Gallen.
1514 Andreas Musculus a German Lutheran theologian. The name Musculus is a Latinized form of Meusel
1627 John Ray an English naturalist, widely regarded as one of the earliest of the English parson-naturalists, and the man with whom "the adventure of modern science begins". Until 1670, he wrote his name as John Wray. From then on, he used 'Ray', after "having ascertained that such had been the practice of his family before him"
1677 Guillaume Coustou the Elder a French sculptor and academician. Coustou was the younger brother of French sculptor Nicolas Coustou and the pupil of his mother's brother, Antoine Coysevox. Like his brother, he was employed by Louis XIV and Louis XV
1690 Christian August Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania. He was a ruler of the Principality of Anhalt-Dornburg, then, from 1742, a ruler of the entire Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst. He was also a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall, but is best known for being the father of Catherine the Great of Russia
1705 Michael Christian Festing an English violinist and composer. His reputation lies mostly on his work as a violin virtuoso
1728 Johann Gerhard König a Baltic German botanist and physician. He was born near Kreutzburg in Polish Livonia, which is now Krustpils in Latvia. He was a private pupil of Carolus Linnaeus in 1757, and lived in Denmark from 1759 to 1767. From 1773 to 1785, he worked as a naturalist for the Nawab of Arcot in India. He was in Tharangambadi with the Danish trade mission from 1773 to 1785
1752 Jemima Wilkinson a charismatic American evangelist who preached total sexual abstinence and the Ten Commandments to their Quaker "Society of Universal Friends." Their family were strict Quakers, most of their views were from their upbringing in the Quaker religion.
1762 Pierre André Latreille a French zoologist, specialising in arthropods. Having trained as a Roman Catholic priest before the French Revolution, Latreille was imprisoned, and only regained his freedom after recognising a rare beetle species he found in the prison, Necrobia ruficollis. He published his first important work in 1796 , and was eventually employed by the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. His foresighted work on arthropod systematics and taxonomy gained him respect and accolades. He was considered the foremost entomologist of his time, and was described by one of his pupils as "the prince of entomologists"
1766 Bernard-François marquis de Chauvelin a French nobleman and liberal.
1766 Maine de Biran a French philosopher.
1770 Peter Hänsel a German-Austrian violinist and classical composer of almost exclusively chamber music. He has been recently viewed not only as the principal representative of the true quartet school of Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, but also the composer responsible for incorporating French and Polish influences into the Viennese classical style, thus serving as mediator between Germany, France and Poland
1781 Andrés Bello a Venezuelan humanist, diplomat, poet, legislator, philosopher, educator and philologist, whose political and literary works constitute an important part of Spanish American culture. Bello is featured on the old 2,000 Venezuelan bolívar and the 20,000 Chilean peso notes. There is also a decoration, the Venezuelan Order of Andrés Bello
1785 Pierre-Antoine Lebrun a French poet.
1787 Ramón Freire a Chilean political figure. He was head of state on several occasions, and enjoyed a numerous following until the War of the Confederation. Ramón Freire was one of the principal leaders of the liberal Piopiolo movement and has been praised by historian Gabriel Salazar as the most democratic leader of the early republican period in Chile
1795 Friedrich Wilhelm Eduard Gerhard a German archaeologist. He was co-founder and secretary of the first international archaeological society
1797 Gaetano Donizetti an Italian composer from Bergamo in Lombardy. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first fifty years of the Nineteenth Century
1798 Alexander Brullov a Russian artist associated with Russian Neoclassicism.
1799 Amos Bronson Alcott an American teacher, writer, philosopher, and reformer. As an educator, Alcott pioneered new ways of interacting with young students, focusing on a conversational style, and avoided traditional punishment. He hoped to perfect the human spirit and, to that end, advocated a vegan diet before the term was coined. He was also an abolitionist and an advocate for women's rights
1802 Wilhelm Hauff a German poet and novelist.
1803 Christian Doppler an Austrian mathematician and physicist. He is celebrated for his principle — known as the Doppler effect — that the observed frequency of a wave depends on the relative speed of the source and the observer. He used this concept to explain the color of binary stars
1803 Gottfried Semper a German architect, art critic, and professor of architecture, who designed and built the Semper Opera House in Dresden between 1838 and 1841. In 1849 he took part in the May Uprising in Dresden and was put on the government's wanted list. Semper fled first to Zürich and later to London. Later he returned to Germany after the 1862 amnesty granted to the revolutionaries
1805 Friedrich Kasiski a German infantry officer, cryptographer and archeologist. Kasiski was born in Schlochau, Kingdom of Prussia
1806 Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre Baron of Santo Ângelo a Brazilian Romantic writer and painter, as well as an architect, diplomat and professor. He is patron of the 32nd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
1815 Ii Naosuke daimyo of Hikone and also Tairō of Tokugawa Shogunate, Japan, a position he held from April 23, 1858 until his death on March 24, 1860. He is most famous for signing the Harris Treaty with the United States, granting access to ports for trade to American merchants and seamen and extraterritoriality to American citizens. He was also an enthusiastic and accomplished practitioner of the Japanese tea ceremony, in the Sekishūryū style, and his writings include at least two works on the tea ceremony
1816 Morrison Waite an attorney and politician in Ohio. He served as the seventh Chief Justice of the United States from 1874 to his death in 1888. During his tenure, the Supreme Court took a narrow interpretation of federal authority related to laws and amendments that were passed during Reconstruction to expand the rights of freedmen and protect them from attacks by vigilante groups such as the Ku Klux Klan
1818 William Ellery Channing (poet) a Transcendentalist poet, nephew of the Unitarian preacher William Ellery Channing. The younger Ellery Channing was thought brilliant but undisciplined by many of his contemporaries. Amos Bronson Alcott famously said of him in 1871, "Whim, thy name is Channing." Nevertheless, the Transcendentalists thought his poetry among the best of their group's literary products
1818 George Brown (Canadian politician) a Scottish-born Canadian journalist, politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation; attended the Charlottetown and Quebec conferences. A noted Reform politician, he was also the founder and editor of the Toronto Globe, which is today known as The Globe and Mail
1821 Champ Ferguson a notorious Confederate guerrilla during the American Civil War. He claimed to have killed over 100 Union soldiers and pro-Union civilians
1825 Jean-Martin Charcot a French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology. He is known as "the founder of modern neurology", and his name has been associated with at least 15 medical eponyms, including Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and Charcot disease. Charcot has been referred to as "the father of French neurology and one of the world's pioneers of neurology". His work greatly influenced the developing fields of neurology and psychology; modern psychiatry owes much to the work of Charcot and his direct followers. He was the "foremost neurologist of late nineteenth-century France" and has been called "the Napoleon of the neuroses"
1831 Frederick Townsend Ward an American sailor and soldier of fortune known for his military service in Imperial China during the Taiping Rebellion.
1832 Louisa May Alcott an American novelist best known as author of the novel Little Women and its sequels Little Men and Jo's Boys. Raised by her transcendentalist parents, Abigail May and Amos Bronson Alcott in New England, she grew up among many of the well-known intellectuals of the day such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Henry David Thoreau
1834 Ladislav Josef Čelakovský a Czech botanist born in Prague. He was the son of writer František Ladislav Čelakovský, and father to mycologist Ladislav František Čelakovský
1835 Empress Dowager Cixi a powerful and charismatic woman who effectively controlled the Chinese government for 47 years, from 1861 to her death in 1908.
1839 Ludwig Anzengruber an Austrian dramatist, novelist and poet. He was born and died in Vienna
1840 Rhoda Broughton a novelist and short story writer.
1848 Paul Pau a French General, a commander of an army at the beginning of World War I.
1849 Edward Aveling a prominent English biology instructor and popular spokesman for Darwinian evolution, atheism, and socialism.
1849 John Ambrose Fleming an English electrical engineer and physicist. He is known for inventing the first thermionic valve or vacuum tube. He is also famous for the left hand rule. He was born the eldest of seven children of James Fleming DD , a Congregational minister, and his wife, Mary Ann, at Lancaster, Lancashire and baptised on 11 February 1850
1850 Agostino Richelmy an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Turin from 1897 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1899.
1856 Georgi Plekhanov a Russian revolutionary and a Marxist theoretician. He was a founder of the social-democratic movement in Russia and was one of the first Russians to identify himself as "Marxist." Facing political persecution, Plekhanov emigrated to Switzerland in 1880, where he continued in his political activity attempting to overthrow the Tsarist regime in Russia. During World War I Plekhanov rallied to the cause of the Entente powers against Germany and he returned home to Russia following the 1917 February Revolution. Although he supported the Bolshevik faction at the 2nd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1903, Plekhanov soon rejected the idea of democratic centralism, and became one of Lenin and Trotsky's principal antagonists in the 1905 Petersburg Soviet. He also opposed the Soviet regime which came to power in the autumn of 1917. He died the following year. Despite his vigorous and outspoken opposition to Lenin's political party in 1917, Plekhanov was held in high esteem by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union following his death as a founding father of Russian Marxism and a philosophical thinker
1856 Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg a German politician and statesman who served as Chancellor of the German Empire from 1909 to 1917.
1857 Franz Josef Niedenzu a German botanist born in Köppernig. He is remembered for his work with the botanical family Malpighiaceae
1857 Theodor Escherich a German-Austrian pediatrician and a professor at universities in Graz and Vienna. He discovered the bacterium Escherichia coli, which was named after him in 1919, and determined its properties