Died on November 29

83 Pope Anianus of Alexandria 2nd Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of Mark. He was ordained as the successor of Saint Mark the Evangelist, and was also the first convert Mark won to Christianity in the region
521 Jacob of Serugh one of the foremost Syriac poet-theologians among the Syriac, perhaps only second in stature to Ephrem the Syrian and equal to Narsai. Where his predecessor Ephrem is known as the 'Harp of the Spirit', Jacob is the 'Flute of the Spirit'. He is best known for his prodigious corpus of more than seven-hundred verse homilies, or mêmrê , of which only 225 have thus far been edited and published
561 Chlothar I one of the four sons of Clovis I of the Merovingian dynasty.
835 Muhammad al-Jawad the ninth of the Twelve Imams of Twelver Shi'ism. His given name was Muhammad ibn ‘Alī ibn Mūsā, and among his titles, al-Taqī and al-Jawād are the most renowned. Muhammad al-Taqī was the shortest-lived of the Twelve Imāms, dying at the age of 25
1031 Al-Qadir the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 991 to 1031. Grandson of al-Muqtadir, he was chosen in place of the deposed Caliph, at-Ta'i, his cousin. Banished from the capital, Baghdad, earlier, he was now recalled and appointed to the office he had long desired. He held the Caliphate for 40 years. It was during his Caliphate that Mahmud of Ghazni arose, threatening the empire; and but for the conflicts that broke out in Mahmud's family upon his death, the Buwayhid kingdom, paralysed by damaging war, would have been swallowed. The global Muslim population had climbed to about 4 per cent as against the Christian population of 10 per cent by 1000
1039 Adalbero Duke of Carinthia Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Verona from 1011 or 1012 until 1035.
1094 Roger de Beaumont a powerful Norman nobleman and close advisor to William the Conqueror.
1114 Richard of Salerno not to be confused with his homonym cousin Richard of Hauteville, was a participant in the First Crusade and regent of the County of Edessa from 1104 to 1108.
1198 Al-Aziz Uthman a Kurdish ruler and the second Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt. He was the second son of Saladin
1253 Otto II Wittelsbach Duke of Bavaria the Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine. He was a son of Louis I and Ludmilla of Bohemia and a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty
1268 Pope Clement IV Pope from 5 February 1265 to his death in 1268.
1314 Philip IV of France King of France from 1285 until his death. By virtue of his marriage with Joan I of Navarre, he was also, as Philip I, King of Navarre and Count of Champagne from 1284 to 1305
1318 Heinrich Frauenlob a Middle High German poet and minnesinger. The nickname Frauenlob means "praise of women" or "praise of Our Lady"
1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl of March an English nobleman and powerful Marcher lord who had gained many estates in the Welsh Marches and Ireland following his advantageous marriage to the wealthy heiress Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville. In November 1316, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1322 for having led the Marcher lords in a revolt against King Edward II in what became known as the Despenser War. He later escaped to France, where he was joined by Edward's queen consort Isabella, whom he took as his mistress. After he and Isabella led a successful invasion and rebellion, Edward was subsequently deposed; Mortimer allegedly arranged his murder at Berkeley Castle. For three years, Mortimer was de facto ruler of England before being himself overthrown by Edward's eldest son, Edward III. Accused of assuming royal power and other crimes, Mortimer was executed by hanging at Tyburn
1342 Michael of Cesena an Italian Franciscan, general of that Order, and theologian.
1378 Charles IV Holy Roman Emperor the second King of Bohemia from the House of Luxembourg, and the first King of Bohemia also to become Holy Roman Emperor.
1393 Leo V King of Armenia the last Latin king of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. He ruled from 1374 to 1375
1463 Marie of Anjou Queen of France as the wife of King Charles VII from 1422 to 1461. Marie was the eldest daughter of Louis II of Anjou, titular King of Naples, titular King of Sicily, and Yolande of Aragon, titular Queen of Aragon
1530 Thomas Wolsey an English political figure and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. When Henry VIII became King of England in 1509, Wolsey became the King's almoner. Wolsey's affairs prospered, and by 1514 he was the controlling figure in virtually all matters of state and was extremely powerful within the Church. The highest political position he attained was Lord Chancellor, the King's chief adviser. In that position, he enjoyed great freedom, and was often depicted as an alter rex. Despite his expansive power as the King's "right-hand man", he fell out of favour due to his failure to negotiate an annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon. He was ultimately stripped of his government posts and retreated to York to oversee his clerical duties as Archbishop of York, a post he nominally held but never exercised during his many years in government. He was recalled to London to answer to charges of treason , but died en route of natural causes before arriving in London
1543 Hans Holbein the Younger a German artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style. He is best known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century. He also produced religious art, satire, and Reformation propaganda, and made a significant contribution to the history of book design. He is called "the Younger" to distinguish him from his father, Hans Holbein the Elder, an accomplished painter of the Late Gothic school
1544 Jungjong of Joseon now Korea. He succeeded his half-brother, Yeonsangun, because of the latter's tyrannical misrule, which culminated in a coup placing Jungjong on the throne
1590 Philipp Nicodemus Frischlin parish minister.
1594 Alonso de Ercilla a Spanish nobleman, soldier and epic poet, born in Ocaña. While in Chile he fought against the Araucanians , and there he began the epic poem La Araucana, considered one of the greatest Spanish historical poems. This heroic work in 37 cantos is divided into three parts, published in 1569, 1578, and 1589. It tells of the courageous insurrection of the Araucanians and also relates the history of Chile and of contemporary Spain
1604 Ercole Lord of Monaco Lord of Monaco from 17 May 1589 to 29 November 1604.
1604 Charles II Lord of Monaco Lord of Monaco from 7 October 1581 to 17 May 1589.
1614 Mogami Yoshiaki a daimyō of the Yamagata domain in Dewa Province, in the late Sengoku period and early Edo period.
1626 Ernst von Mansfeld a German military commander during the early years of the Thirty Years' War.
1628 John Felton (assassin) a lieutenant in the English army who stabbed George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham to death in the Greyhound Pub of Portsmouth on 23 August 1628.
1630 Teodósio II Duke of Braganza a Portuguese nobleman. He is known for his allegiance to King Philip I of Portugal
1632 Frederick V Elector Palatine often nicknamed the Winter King.
1643 Claudio Monteverdi an Italian composer, gambist, singer and Roman Catholic priest.
1643 William Cartwright (dramatist) an English poet, dramatist and churchman.
1646 Laurentius Paulinus Gothus a Swedish theologian, astronomer and Archbishop of Uppsala.
1658 Margrave Charles Magnus of Baden-Durlach a titular Margrave of Baden.
1661 Brian Walton (bishop) an English priest, divine and scholar.
1662 Wincenty Korwin Gosiewski a Polish nobleman, Field-Commander of Lithuania from 1654, Grand Treasurer of Lithuania and Lithuanian Great-Quartermaster since 1652, General of Artillery of Lithuania from 1651, Grand-Master of the Pantry of Lithuania from 1646.
1673 Armand de Gramont Comte de Guiche a French nobleman, adventurer, and one of the greatest playboys of the 17th century.
1678 George Ducas three times Prince of Moldavia and one time Prince of Wallachia.
1682 Prince Rupert of the Rhine a noted German soldier, admiral, scientist, sportsman, colonial governor and amateur artist during the 17th century. Rupert was a younger son of the German prince Frederick V, Elector Palatine and his wife Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of James I of England. Thus Rupert was the nephew of King Charles I of England, who made him Duke of Cumberland and Earl of Holderness, and the first cousin of King Charles II of England. His sister Electress Sophia was the mother of George I of Great Britain
1694 Marcello Malpighi an Italian physician and biologist regarded as the father of microscopical anatomy and histology. Malpighi gave his name to several physiological features related to the biological excretory system, such as the Malpighian corpuscles and Malpighian pyramids of the kidneys and the Malpighian tubule system of insects. The splenic lymphoid nodules are often called the "Malpighian bodies of the spleen" or Malpighian corpuscles
1695 James Dalrymple 1st Viscount of Stair born at Drummurchie, Barr, South Ayrshire.
1699 Patrick Gordon a general and rear admiral in Russia, of Scottish origin. He was descended from a family of Aberdeenshire, holders of the small estate of Auchleuchries near Ellon. The family were connected with the noble branch of Haddo. He assumed the name Leopold at the Catholic confirmation shortly before he died
1742 Francis Fasani Anthony Fasani, O.F.M. Conv. was an Italian friar of the Order of Conventual Friars Minor who has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church
1759 Alamgir II the Mughal Emperor of India from 3 June 1754 to 29 November 1759. He was the son of Jahandar Shah
1759 Nicolaus I Bernoulli a Swiss mathematician and was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family.
1762 Ando Shoeki a Japanese philosopher of the 18th century. He rejected much of the Buddhist and Confucian thinking prevailing in Edo period Japan. He also opposed feudalism in the political system. Shoeki never became a prominent philosopher, and throughout his life he had few followers compared to other beliefs in Japan
1780 Maria Theresa the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress
1793 Antoine Barnave a French politician, and, together with Honoré Mirabeau, one of the most influential orators of the early part of the French Revolution. He is most notable for correspondence with Marie Antoinette in an attempt to set up a constitutional monarchy and for being one of the founding members of the Feuillants
1794 Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin a Princess and Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and by marriage Hereditary Princess of Denmark and Norway.
1797 Samuel Langdon an American Congregational clergyman and educator. After serving as pastor in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, he was appointed president of Harvard University in 1774. He held that post until 1780