Born on November 3

39 Lucan a Roman poet, born in Corduba , in the Hispania Baetica. Despite his short life, he is regarded as one of the outstanding figures of the Imperial Latin period. His youth and speed of composition set him apart from other poets
1500 Benvenuto Cellini an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, draftsman, soldier and musician, who also wrote a famous autobiography. He was one of the most important artists of Mannerism
1560 Annibale Carracci an Italian Baroque painter.
1564 Francisco Pacheco an important source for the study of 17th-century practice in Spain. He is described by some as the Vasari of Seville: voluble and didactic about his theories of painting and thoughts about painters, conventional and uninspired in his executions
1566 Charles Count of Soissons a French prince du sang and military commander during the struggles over religion and the throne in late 16th century France. A first cousin of King Henry IV of France, he was the son of the Huguenot leader Louis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé and his second wife, Françoise d'Orléans-Longueville. He gave his name to the Hotel de Soissons after his title Count of Soissons
1584 Jean-Pierre Camus a French bishop, preacher, and author of works of fiction and spirituality.
1587 Samuel Scheidt a German composer, organist and teacher of the early Baroque era.
1604 Osman II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1618 until his death on 20 May 1622.
1624 Jean II d'Estrées a Marshal of France, and an important naval commander of Louis XIV. He was born to a noble family from Picardie. His aunt was Gabrielle d'Estrées, lover of King Henry IV of France
1633 Bernardino Ramazzini an Italian physician.
1635 Johann Sturm a German philosopher. Sturm is the author of Physica Electiva , a book which criticized Leibniz and prompted him to publish a rebuke. Sturm's critique was aimed at Leibniz's view that Nature and/or its constituent parts possess some creative force of their own. This criticism was partly theological, in that Sturm claimed Leibniz's view of Nature undermined the sovereignty of the Creator
1656 Georg Reutter an Austrian organist, theorbo player and composer.
1688 Jai Singh II the Rajput ruler of the kingdom of Amber. He was born at Amber, the capital of the Kachwahas. He became ruler of Amber at the age of 11 after his father Maharaja Bishan Singh died on 31 December 1699. On 21 April 1721, the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah bestowed upon him the title of Saramad-i-Rajaha-i-Hind and on 2 June 1723, the emperor further bestowed him the titles of Raj Rajeshvar, Shri Rajadhiraj and Maharaja Sawai. "Sawai" means one and a quarter times superior to his contemporaries. These titles adorn his descendants even to this date. He had a great interest in mathematics, architecture and astronomy
1689 Jan Josef Ignác Brentner a Czech composer of the Baroque era.
1730 Darya Nikolayevna Saltykova a Russian murderer and noble from Moscow who became notorious for torturing and killing over 100 of her serfs, mostly women and girls.
1742 Yakov Knyazhnin Russia's foremost tragic author during the reign of Catherine the Great. Knyazhnin's contemporaries hailed him as the true successor to his father-in-law Alexander Sumarokov, but posterity, in the words of Vladimir Nabokov, tended to view his tragedies and comedies as "awkwardly imitated from more or less worthless French models"
1744 Friedrich Ludwig Schröder a German actor, manager and dramatist.
1749 Daniel Rutherford most famous for the isolation of nitrogen in 1772.
1757 Robert Smith (Cabinet member) the second United States Secretary of the Navy from 1801 to 1809 and the sixth United States Secretary of State from 1809 to 1811. He was the brother of Senator Samuel Smith
1775 Edward Paget a British Army officer.
1777 Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom the 12th child and fifth daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Sophia is perhaps best known for the rumours surrounding a supposed illegitimate child to which she gave birth as a young woman
1777 Laval Nugent von Westmeath a soldier of Irish birth who fought in the armies of Austria and the Two Sicilies.
1779 Hugh Gough 1st Viscount Gough a British Army officer. After serving as a junior officer at the seizure of the Cape of Good Hope during the French Revolutionary Wars, Gough commanded the 2nd Battalion of the 87th Regiment of Foot during the Peninsular War. After serving as commander-in-chief of the British forces in China during the First Opium War, he became Commander-in-Chief, India and led the British forces in action against the Mahrattas defeating them decisively at the conclusion of the Gwalior Campaign and then commanded the troops that defeated the Sikhs during both the First Anglo-Sikh War and the Second Anglo-Sikh War
1780 Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro briefly Interim President of Peru twice in 1822 and 1833.
1784 Antonín Mánes a Czech painter and draftsman.
1788 Mikhail Lazarev a Russian fleet commander and an explorer.
1793 Stephen F. Austin an American empresario born in Virginia and raised in southeastern Missouri. Known as the Father of Texas, he led the second, and ultimately successful, colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States. The capital of Texas, Austin in Travis County, Austin County, Austin Bayou, Stephen Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Austin College in Sherman, and a number of K-12 schools are named in his honor
1793 Thomas Ender an Austrian painter.
1794 William Cullen Bryant an American romantic poet, journalist, and long-time editor of the New York Evening Post.
1797 Alexander Bestuzhev a Russian writer and Decembrist. After the Decembrist revolt he was sent into exile to Caucasus where Russian Empire was waging the war against the Circassians. There writing under the pseudonym Marlinsky he became known as a romantic poet, short story writer and novelist. He was killed there in a skirmish
1799 William Sprague III a politician and industrialist from the U.S. state of Rhode Island, serving as the 14th Governor, a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator. He was the uncle of William Sprague IV, also a Governor and Senator from Rhode Island
1801 Karl Baedeker a German publisher whose company, Baedeker, set the standard for authoritative guidebooks for tourists.
1801 Vincenzo Bellini an Italian opera composer, who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania". Many years later, in 1898, Giuseppe Verdi "praised the broad curves of Bellini's melody: 'there are extremely long melodies as no-one else had ever made before' "
1804 Constantin Hansen one of the painters associated with the Golden Age of Danish Painting. He was deeply interested in literature and mythology, and inspired by art historian Niels Lauritz Høyen, he tried to recreate a national historical painting based on Norse mythology. He painted also many altarpieces and portraits, including the historical The Constitutional Assembly between 1861-1865
1809 James Richardson (explorer of the Sahara)
1810 Yisroel Salanter the father of the Musar movement in Orthodox Judaism and a famed Rosh yeshiva and Talmudist. The epithet Salanter was added to his name since most of his schooling took place in Salant , where he came under the influence of Rabbi Yosef Zundel of Salant. He is the father of mathematician Yom Tov Lipman Lipkin
1815 John Mitchel an Irish nationalist activist, solicitor and political journalist. Born in Camnish, near Dungiven, County Londonderry, Ireland he became a leading member of both Young Ireland and the Irish Confederation. He also became a public voice for the Southern American viewpoint in the United States in the 1850s and 1860s before being elected to the British House of Commons in 1875, only to be disqualified because he was a convicted felon. His Jail Journal is one of Irish nationalism's most famous texts
1816 Jubal Early a lawyer and Confederate general in the American Civil War. He served under Stonewall Jackson and then Robert Lee for almost the entire war, rising from regimental command to lieutenant general and the command of an infantry corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. He was the Confederate commander in key battles of the Valley Campaigns of 1864, including a daring raid to the outskirts of Washington, D.C. The articles written by him for the Southern Historical Society in the 1870s established the Lost Cause point of view as a long-lasting literary and cultural phenomenon
1816 Calvin Fairbank an American abolitionist and Methodist minister from New York state who was twice convicted in Kentucky of aiding the escape of slaves, and served a total of 19 years in prison. Fairbank is believed to have aided the escape of 47 slaves
1820 Anton Josef Gruscha a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and was Archbishop of Vienna.
1821 Ma Xinyi an eminent Hui official and a military general of the late Qing Dynasty in China.
1828 Octavius Pickard-Cambridge an English clergyman and zoologist.
1828 Joseph Hellmesberger Sr. an Austrian violinist, conductor, and composer.
1830 John Esten Cooke an American novelist, writer and poet. He was the brother of poet Philip Pendleton Cooke. During the American Civil War, Cooke served as a staff officer for Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart in the Confederate States Army cavalry and after Stuart's death, for Brig. Gen. William Pendleton. Stuart's wife, Flora, was a first cousin of Cooke
1831 Ignatius L. Donnelly a U.S. Congressman, populist writer and amateur scientist, known primarily now for his theories concerning Atlantis, Catastrophism , and Shakespearean authorship, which many modern historians consider to be pseudoscience and pseudohistory. Brother to Eleanor Donnelly, Donnelly's work corresponds to the writings of late 19th and early 20th century figures such as Helena Blavatsky, Rudolf Steiner, and James Churchward and has more recently influenced writer Graham Hancock. The concept of Atlantis as an antediluvian civilization became the inspiration for the 1969 pop song hit Atlantis by Donovan and the 2009 film 2012 by Roland Emmerich
1837 Ludwig Chronegk a German actor and director. He headed the Meiningen Ensemble and reformed theatre direction principles
1839 Pōmare V the last monarch of Tahiti, reigning from 1877 until his forced abdication in 1880. He was the son of Queen Pōmare He was born as Teri'i Tari'a Te-rā-tane and became Heir Apparent and Crown Prince upon the death of his elder brother on 13 May 1855. He became king of Tahiti on the death of his mother on 17 September 1877. His coronation was on 24 September 1877 at Pape'ete
1840 Giorgi Kazbegi a Georgian nobleman and general in the Imperial Russian service. His military and civil career spanned more than four decades, ending with the Bolshevik takeover of Georgia in 1921. He is also an author of military and historical reports, including an account of his 1874 reconnaissance mission to the then-Ottoman held Georgian lands with sketches of the region's medieval Christian monuments
1841 Eugenius Warming a Danish botanist and a main founding figure of the scientific discipline of ecology. Warming wrote the first textbook on plant ecology, taught the first university course in ecology and gave the concept its meaning and content. “If one individual can be singled out to be honoured as the founder of ecology, Warming should gain precedence”
1845 Zygmunt Gloger a Polish historian, archeologist, geographer and ethnographer, bearer of the Wilczekosy coat of arms. Gloger founded the precursor of modern and widely popular Polish Tourist and Sightseeing Society PTTK