Died on November 30

912 Otto I Duke of Saxony the Duke of Saxony from 880 to his death.
1016 Edmund Ironside King of England from 23 April to 18 October 1016 and of Wessex from 23 April to 30 November 1016. His cognomen "Ironside" is not recorded until 1057, but may have been contemporary. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, it was given to him "because of his valour" in resisting the Danish invasion led by Cnut the Great. He fought five battles against the Danes, ending in defeat against Cnut on 18 October at the Battle of Assandun, after which they agreed to divide the kingdom, Edmund taking Wessex and Cnut the rest of the country. Edmund died shortly afterwards on 30 November, and Cnut became the king of all England
1204 Emeric King of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia between 1196 and 1204. His father, Béla III of Hungary, had him crowned king in 1184, and appointed him to rule Croatia and Dalmatia around 1195. Emeric mounted the throne after the death of his father. He spent the first years of his reign fighting against his rebellious brother, Andrew, who forced Emeric to grant him Croatia and Dalmatia as an appanage
1283 John of Vercelli The Blessed John of Vercelli, O.P. was the sixth Master General of the Dominican Order
1519 Michael Wolgemut a German painter and printmaker, who was born and ran a workshop in Nuremberg. He taught Albrecht Dürer
1526 Giovanni dalle Bande Nere an Italian condottiero.
1543 Francesco Granacci an Italian painter of the Renaissance.
1571 François de Scépeaux a French governor, diplomat, ambassador, conseillé du roi and marshal under king Francis I of France. He was also a prominent figure in the French Wars of Religion between the Protestant Huguenots and the Catholics
1580 Richard Farrant an English composer. Like many composers of his day, the early years of Farrant's life are not well documented. The first acknowledgment of him is in a list of the Gentleman of the Chapel Royal in 1552. It is assumed from that list that his birth was around 1525. Although, that cannot be accurately determined. During his life he was able to establish himself as a successful composer, develop the English drama considerably, founded the first Blackfriars Theatre, and be the first to write verse-anthems. He married Anne Bower, daughter of Richard Bower who was Master of the Chapel Royal choristers at the time. With Anne he conceived ten children, one of whom was also named Richard
1600 Nanda Bayin king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1581 to 1599. He presided over the collapse of Toungoo Empire, the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia
1603 William Gilbert (astronomer) an English physician, physicist and natural philosopher. He passionately rejected both the prevailing Aristotelian philosophy and the Scholastic method of university teaching. He is remembered today largely for his book De Magnete , and is credited as one of the originators of the term "electricity". He is regarded by some as the father of electrical engineering or electricity and magnetism
1621 Francesco Rasi an Italian composer, singer , chitarrone player, and poet.
1623 Thomas Weelkes an English composer and organist. He became organist of Winchester College in 1598, moving to Chichester Cathedral. His works are chiefly vocal, and include madrigals, anthems and services
1647 Giovanni Lanfranco an Italian painter of the Baroque period.
1647 Bonaventura Cavalieri an Italian mathematician. He is known for his work on the problems of optics and motion, work on indivisibles, the precursors of infinitesimal calculus, and the introduction of logarithms to Italy. Cavalieri's principle in geometry partially anticipated integral calculus
1654 John Selden an English jurist and a scholar of England's ancient laws and constitution and scholar of Jewish law. He was known as a polymath showing true intellectual depth and breadth; John Milton hailed Selden in 1644 as "the chief of learned men reputed in this land."
1675 Cecil Calvert 2nd Baron Baltimore an English peer who was the first Proprietor and Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland, and ninth Proprietary Governor of the Colony of Newfoundland and the colony of Avalon. His title was "Cecil Calvert, Second Baron Baltimore, First Lord Proprietary, Earl Palatine of the Provinces of Maryland and Avalon in America". He received the proprietorship after the death of his father, George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, , for whom it was intended. Cecil Calvert established and managed the Province of Maryland from his home, Kiplin Hall, in North Yorkshire, England. As an English Roman Catholic, he continued the legacy of his father by promoting religious tolerance in the colony
1680 Peter Lely a painter of Dutch origin, whose career was nearly all spent in England, where he became the dominant portrait painter to the court.
1700 Armande Béjart a French actress, one of the most famous French stage actors of the 17th-century. She belonged to the Béjart family, a famous theatre family in 17th-century France. She was the daughter of Madeleine Béjart. In 1643 Madeleine co-founded, with Molière, the Illustre Théâtre
1703 Nicolas de Grigny a French organist and composer. He died young and left behind a single collection of organ music, which together with the work of François Couperin, represents the pinnacle of French Baroque organ tradition
1718 Charles XII of Sweden the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch line of the House of Wittelsbach. Charles was the only surviving son of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder. He assumed power, after a seven-month caretaker government, at the age of fifteen
1745 Johann Bessler a German entrepreneur who claimed to have built several perpetual motion machines. Those claims generated considerable interest and controversy among some of the leading natural philosophers of the day, including Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Johann Bernoulli, John Theophilus Desaguliers, and Willem 's Gravesande. The modern scientific consensus is that Bessler perpetrated a deliberate fraud
1760 Friederike Caroline Neuber a German actress and theatre director. She is one of the most famous artists in the history of the German theater
1761 John Dollond an English optician, known for his successful optics business and his patenting and commercialization of achromatic doublets.
1765 George Glas a Scottish seaman and merchant adventurer in West Africa.
1781 Théodore Tronchin a Swiss physician.
1791 James Bruce (1732–1791) a Russian general. He was a grandson of Lieutenant General Robert Bruce and great-nephew of Jacob Bruce. His father was Lieutenant Colonel Count Alexander Bruce, Ekaterina Alekseyevna Dolgorukova was his stepmother. James Bruce married Praskovia Rumiantseva, sister of General Pyotr Rumyantsev. Praskovia was a lady-in-waiting and friend of Catherine the Great. These connections greatly helped the career of James Bruce. In 1774, he became Commander of the Finland Division
1806 Moritz Balthasar Borkhausen a German naturalist and forester. He took part in the production of "Teutsche Ornithologie oder Naturgeschichte aller Vögel Teutschlands in naturgetreuen Abbildungen und Beschreibungen" by Johann Conrad Susemihl
1813 Giambattista Bodoni an Italian typographer, type-designer, compositor, printer and publisher in Parma.
1822 Hurshid Pasha an Ottoman general and Grand Vizier during the early 19th century.
1830 Pope Pius VIII born Francesco Saverio Castiglioni, reigned from 31 March 1829 to his death in 1830.
1834 Prince William Frederick Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh a great-grandson of King George II and nephew and son-in-law of King George III of the United Kingdom.
1835 Joseph Marchand a French missionary in Vietnam, and a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society.
1836 Pierre-Simon Girard a French mathematician and engineer, who worked on fluid mechanics.
1837 Deaf Smith an American frontiersman noted for his part in the Texas Revolution and the army of the Republic of Texas. He fought at the Grass Fight and the Battle of San Jacinto. After the war, Deaf Smith led a company of Texas Rangers
1838 Franz Faldermann a German entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera.
1840 Joseph Johann Littrow an Austrian astronomer. In 1837, he was ennobled with the title Joseph Johann Edler von Littrow. He was the father of Karl Ludwig Edler von Littrow and the mentor of the mathematician Nikolai Brashman. His work took him to Russia for a time, which is where his son who succeeded him was born
1846 Friedrich List a leading 19th-century German-American economist who developed the "National System" or what some would call today the National System of Innovation. He was a forefather of the German historical school of economics, and considered the original European unity theorist whose ideas were the basis for the European Economic Community
1848 Augustus Garrett twice served as Mayor of Chicago, Illinois for the Democratic Party.
1850 Victor Orsel a French painter. A student of Pierre Révoil in Lyon then of Pierre-Narcisse Guérin in Paris, he then spent 7 years at the villa Médicis in Rome , where he worked in the orbit of Overbeck and the Nazarene movement, and copied the Italian 'primitives', leaving his own art with an archaising tendency. He died unmarried
1855 Adam Petrovich Ozharovsky a Russian general of Polish descent who distinguished himself during the Napoleonic Wars.
1855 Fulgence Fresnel a French Orientalist who was a native of Mathieu, Calvados. He was brother to physicist Augustin Fresnel
1861 Theodor Mundt a German critic and novelist. He was a member of the Young Germany group of German writers
1861 Alexander Gilchrist the biographer of William Blake. Gilchrist's biography is still a standard reference work on the poet
1862 James Sheridan Knowles an Irish dramatist and actor.
1864 Patrick Cleburne an Irish American soldier, best known for his service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, where he rose to the rank of major general.
1868 Hipolit Cegielski a Polish businessman and social and cultural activist. He founded Cegielski - Poznań S.A. in 1846
1868 August Blanche a Swedish journalist, novelist, and a Socialist statesman.
1870 Gustav Bischof a German chemist, born in Nuremberg, Bavaria. He died in Bonn
1873 Alexander Berry a Scottish-born surgeon, merchant and explorer who in 1822 was given a land grant of 10,000 acres and 100 convicts to establish the first European settlement on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia.