Born on November 4

1188 Theobald of Ostia a French cardinal.
1203 Dirk VII Count of Holland Count of Holland from 1190 to 1203. He was the elder son of Floris III and Ada of Huntingdon
1265 Alfonso III of Aragon the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1285. He conquered the Kingdom of Majorca between his succession and 1287
1448 Alfonso II of Naples King of Naples from 25 January 1494 to 22 February 1495 with the title King of Naples and Jerusalem. As Duke of Calabria he was a patron of Renaissance poets and builders during his tenure as the heir to the throne of Naples
1522 Albert de Gondi a marshal of France and a member of the Gondi family. His father was Guidobaldo, seigneur de Perron, who became a banker at Lyon, and his mother was Marie-Catherine de Pierrevive - his siblings included cardinal Pierre de Gondi. His motto was Non sine labore
1575 Guido Reni an Italian painter of high-Baroque style.
1577 François Leclerc du Tremblay a French Capuchin friar, confidant and agent of Cardinal Richelieu. He was the original éminence grise—the French term for a powerful advisor or decision-maker who operates secretly or unofficially
1578 Wolfgang Wilhelm Count Palatine of Neuburg a German Prince. He was Count palatine of Neuburg and Duke of Jülich and Berg
1590 Gerard van Honthorst a Dutch Golden Age painter. Early in his career he visited Rome, where he had great success painting in a style influenced by Caravaggio. Following his return to the Netherlands he became a leading portrait painter
1618 Aurangzeb the sixth Mughal Emperor and ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and during his reign, the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent. He was among the wealthiest of the Mughal rulers with an annual yearly tribute of £38,624,680. He was a pious Muslim, and his policies partly abandoned the legacy of Akbar's secularism, which remains a very controversial aspect of his reign. During his lifetime, victories in the south expanded the Mughal Empire to more than 3.2 million square kilometres and he ruled over a population estimated as being in the range of 100–150 million subjects. However, his wars led to the exhaustion of the imperial Mughal treasury and death of approximately 4.6 million people, mostly civilians. He was a strong and effective ruler, but with his death the great period of the Mughal Empire came to an end, and central control of the sub-continent declined rapidly
1631 Mary Princess Royal and Princess of Orange Princess of Orange and Countess of Nassau as the wife of Prince William She was the eldest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. Her only child later reigned as King William III of England and Ireland and II of Scotland
1640 Carlo Mannelli an Italian violinist, castrato and composer.
1650 William III of England a sovereign Prince of Orange of the House of Orange-Nassau by birth. From 1672, he governed as Stadtholder William III of Orange over Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, and Overijssel of the Dutch Republic. From 1689 he reigned as William III over England and Ireland; it is a coincidence that his regnal number was the same for both Orange and England. As King of Scotland, he is known as William He is informally known by sections of the population in Northern Ireland and Scotland as "King Billy". In what became known as the "Glorious Revolution", on 5 November 1688, William invaded England in an action that ultimately deposed King James II and won him the crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland. In the British Isles, William ruled jointly with his wife, Mary II, until her death on 28 December 1694. The period of their joint reign is often referred to as "William and Mary"
1652 Marc-René de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson (1652–1721) a French politician.
1658 Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani a Georgian writer.
1661 Charles III Philip Elector Palatine a ruler from the house of Wittelsbach. He was Elector Palatine, Count of Palatinate-Neuburg, and Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1716 to 1742. Until 1728 Charles III Philip was also Count of Megen
1705 Louis-Élisabeth de La Vergne de Tressan a French soldier, physician, scientist, medievalist and writer, best known for his adaptations of "romans chevaleresques" of the Middle Ages, which contributed to the rise of the Troubadour style in the French arts.
1720 Jean Baptiste Christophore Fusée Aublet a French pharmacist, botanist and explorer.
1731 Maria Josepha of Saxony Dauphine of France a Duchess of Saxony and the Dauphine of France. She became Dauphine at the age of fifteen through her marriage to Louis de France, the son and heir of Louis Marie Josèphe was the mother of three kings of France, including Louis XVI, who died under the guillotine during the French Revolution. Her youngest daughter, Madame Élisabeth, also was beheaded during the Revolution
1740 Augustus Toplady an Anglican cleric and hymn writer. He was a major Calvinist opponent of John Wesley. He is best remembered as the author of the hymn "Rock of Ages". Three of his other hymns – "A Debtor to Mercy Alone", "Deathless Principle, Arise" and "Object of My First Desire" – are still occasionally sung today, though all three are far less popular than "Rock of Ages"
1744 Johann III Bernoulli grandson of Johann Bernoulli, and son of Johann II Bernoulli. He was known around the world as a child prodigy. He studied at Basel and at Neuchâtel, and when thirteen years of age took the degree of doctor in philosophy. When he was fourteen, he got the degree of master of jurisprudence. At nineteen he was appointed astronomer royal of Berlin. A year later, he reorganized the astronomical observatory at the Berlin Academy. Some years after, he visited Germany, France and England, and subsequently Italy, Russia and Poland. His travel accounts were of great cultural and historical important. He wrote about Kashubians
1752 Jean-Gérard Lacuée count of Cessac a French general and politician, peer of France and Minister for War under Napoleon I of France. His name is inscribed on the south side of the Arc de Triomphe
1762 Philippe-François-Joseph Le Bas a French revolutionary.
1765 Pierre-Simon Girard a French mathematician and engineer, who worked on fluid mechanics.
1770 François Pouqueville a French diplomat, writer, explorer, physician and historian, member of the Institut de France.
1772 François-Frédéric Lemot a French sculptor, working in the Neoclassical style.
1779 Jan Willem Pieneman a painter from the Northern Netherlands.
1780 Philippe Paul comte de Ségur a French general and an historian.
1784 Joseph Bové a Russian neoclassical architect with Italian roots who supervised reconstruction of Moscow after the Fire of 1812.
1785 Shah Shujah Durrani ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. Shuja Shah was of the Sadozai line of the Abdali group of Pashtuns. He became the fifth Emir of Afghanistan
1786 Stratford Canning 1st Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe a British diplomat and politician, best known as the longtime British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire. A descendant of the historic Stratford Family and cousin of George Canning, he was Envoy Extraordinary and Minister-Plenipotentiary to the United States between 1820 and 1824 and held his first appointment as Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire between 1825 and 1828. He intermittently represented several constituencies in parliament between 1828 and 1842. In 1841 he was once again appointed Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, a position he held for the next 17 years. Canning came to be seen as one of the leading figures in Istanbul, as British influence over the Porte increased and the Turks came to be seen more and more as British clients. In 1852 he was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, probably in reference to his supposed descent from the great 15th century merchant family of Canynges of Redcliffe near Bristol. However, despite his illustrious diplomatic career Canning's hopes of high political office were frequently dashed
1787 Johan Wilhelm Dalman a Swedish physician and a naturalist. He first studied at Christianfeld in Schleswig-Holstein then at the University of Lund and the University of Uppsala. He was mainly interested in entomology and botany. He received his degree in 1816 then his doctorate in 1817 from the University of Uppsala. Dalman became librarian of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, a member of the Academy in 1821, then director of the zoological garden, then demonstrator in botany at the Karolinska Institutet of Stockholm
1787 Edmund Kean celebrated Shakespearean stage actor born in England, who performed in London, Belfast, New York, Quebec, and Paris among other places. He was well known for his short stature, tumultuous personal life, and controversial divorce. He expired of dissipation at the age of 44
1792 Carlos Antonio López the leader of Paraguay from 1841 to 1862.
1793 Johann Ender an Austrian painter.
1797 Carlo Blasis an Italian dancer, choreographer and dance theoretician. He is well known for his very rigorous dance classes, sometimes lasting four hours long. Blasis insisted that his students learn theories and definitions of dance steps. He trained all of Enrico Cecchetti's teachers and it is thought that Blasis's influence in his training is what led Cecchetti to create the Cecchetti method of ballet
1802 Jakob Götzenberger a German mural painter and portraitist, a pupil of Peter Cornelius. He spent much of the later part of his career in England
1804 Peder Balke a Norwegian painter. He was known for portraying the nature of Norway in a positive manner and influenced a dramatic and romantic view of the Norwegian landscape
1809 Benjamin Robbins Curtis an American attorney and United States Supreme Court Justice.
1811 Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain a royal of the 19th century, progenitor of the ducal lines of Hernani, Ansola, Dúrcal and Marchena, and Carlist army commander in the First Carlist War.
1812 Nino Chavchavadze a daughter of the famous Georgian knyaz and poet Alexander Chavchavadze and wife of Russian diplomat and playwright Alexandr Griboyedov.
1816 William Bernhardt Tegetmeier an English naturalist , a founder of the Savage Club, and a writer and journalist of domestic science.
1816 Francisco Bolognesi a Peruvian military hero. He is considered national hero in Peru and was declared patron of the Army of Peru by the government of Peru on January 2 of 1951
1816 François Bazin a well-known French opera composer during the nineteenth century. His works are not widely performed today
1816 Stephen Johnson Field an American jurist. He was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from March 10, 1863, to December 1, 1897. Prior to this, he was the 5th Chief Justice of California
1818 Konstantin Kavelin a Russian historian, jurist, and sociologist, sometimes called the chief architect of early Russian liberalism.
1818 Alexander Lawton a lawyer, politician, diplomat, and brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
1821 Martin Hattala a Slovak pedagogue, Roman Catholic theologian and linguist. He is best known for his reform of the Štúr's Slovak language, so-called Hodža-Hattala reform, in which he introduced the etymological principle to the Slovak language
1821 Thomas Keefer a Canadian civil engineer.
1822 Alexander Apukthin a Russian government official, and the superintendent of Congress Poland.