Born on November 5

1271 Ghazan the seventh ruler of the Mongol Empire's Ilkhanate division in modern-day Iran from 1295 to 1304. He was the son of Arghun and Quthluq Khatun, continuing a long line of rulers who were direct descendants of Genghis Khan. Considered the most prominent of the Ilkhans, he is best known for making a political conversion to Islam in 1295 when he took the throne, marking a turning point for the dominant religion of Mongols in Central Asia. His principal wife was Kokechin, a Mongol princess sent by Kublai Khan, and escorted from the Mongol capital to the Ilkhanate by Marco Polo
1402 Louis Lord of Monaco Lord of Monaco from 1395 until 1402.
1494 Hans Sachs a German meistersinger , poet, playwright, and shoemaker.
1516 Martin Helwig a German cartographer of and from Silesia and pedagogue. He was born in Neisse and died in Breslau, Holy Roman Empire
1549 Philippe de Mornay a French Protestant writer and member of the anti-monarchist Monarchomaques.
1592 Charles Chauncy an Anglo-American clergyman and educator.
1613 Isaac de Benserade a French poet.
1615 Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1640 until 1648. He was born in Istanbul the son of Ahmed I by Valide Kösem Sultan, an ethnic Greek originally named Anastasia. He was later called Ibrahim the Mad by twentieth century historians due to his reputed mental condition
1619 Philip de Koninck a Dutch landscape painter and younger brother of Jacob Koninck.
1666 Attilio Ariosti a Servite Friar and Italian composer in the Baroque style, born in Bologna. He produced more than 30 operas and oratorios, numerous cantatas and instrumental works
1667 Christoph Ludwig Agricola a German landscape painter. He was born and died at Regensburg
1701 Pietro Longhi a Venetian painter of contemporary genre scenes of life.
1702 Grégoire Orlyk a French military commander, special envoy and member of Louis XV's secret intelligence service. Grégoire Orlyk was born in Ukraine, the son of Ukrainian hetman in exile Pylyp Orlyk received good education in Sweden, served in Poland and Saxony, participated in secret efforts of France to restore on the Polish throne Stanisław Leszczyński. He later commanded the king's regiment of Royal suedois. For his intelligence work and military exploits was given the title of a comte and promoted to the general's rank of Maréchal de camp. Grégoire Orlyk was an acquaintance of French philosopher Voltaire, championed Ukrainian cause in France and other countries
1705 Louis-Gabriel Guillemain a French composer and violinist.
1715 John Brown (essayist) an English divine and author.
1715 Johann Georg Wille a notable German engraver active in Germany and France.
1722 William Byron 5th Baron Byron the poet George Gordon Byron's great uncle. He was the son of William Byron, 4th Baron Byron and his wife Hon. Frances Berkeley, a descendant of John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton
1728 Franz Xaver von Wulfen a botanist, zoologist, mineralogist, alpinist, and Jesuit priest. He is credited with discovering the flowering plants Wulfenia carinthiaca, Saxifraga moschata, and Stellaria bulbosa. In 1845 the lead molybdate mineral wulfenite was named in his honor by Wilhelm Karl von Haidinger
1733 Mikhail Kheraskov regarded as the most important Russian poet by Catherine the Great and her contemporaries.
1739 Hugh Montgomerie 12th Earl of Eglinton a Scottish peer, politician, and composer.
1742 Richard Cosway a leading English portrait painter of the Regency era, noted for his miniatures. He was a contemporary of John Smart, George Engleheart, William Wood, and Richard Crosse. His wife was the Italian-born painter Maria Cosway, a close friend of Thomas Jefferson
1754 Alessandro Malaspina an Italian nobleman who spent most of his life as a Spanish naval officer and explorer. Under a Spanish royal commission, he undertook a voyage around the world from 1786 to 1788, then, from 1789 to 1794, a scientific expedition throughout the Pacific Ocean, exploring and mapping much of the west coast of the Americas from Cape Horn to the Gulf of Alaska, crossing to Guam and the Philippines, and stopping in New Zealand, Australia, and Tonga
1755 Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
1758 Louis-Marie Aubert du Petit-Thouars an eminent French botanist known for his work collecting and describing orchids from the three islands of Madagascar, Mauritius and Réunion.
1770 Dominique Vandamme a French military officer, who fought in the Napoleonic Wars.
1771 Sergei Kamensky a Russian infantry general who served in the Napoleonic wars.
1773 Prince Louis Charles of Prussia the second son and third child of Frederick William II of Prussia and Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt.
1777 Filippo Taglioni an Italian dancer and choreographer and personal teacher to his own daughter, the famous Romantic ballerina Marie Taglioni. He is the son of Carlo and father of both Marie and Paul. And, although August Bournonville's version is better known, it was Taglioni who was the original choreographer of La Sylphide, in 1832
1778 Giovanni Battista Belzoni a prolific Italian explorer and pioneer archaeologist of Egyptian antiquities.
1779 Washington Allston an American painter and poet, born in Waccamaw Parish, South Carolina. Allston pioneered America's Romantic movement of landscape painting. He was well known during his lifetime for his experiments with dramatic subject matter and his bold use of light and atmospheric color
1780 Heinrich Friedrich Theodor Kohlrausch a German educator and historian.
1787 John Richardson (naturalist) a Scottish naval surgeon, naturalist and arctic explorer.
1788 Dmitri Bantysh-Kamensky a Russian statesman and historian. He served as Governor of Tobolsk Province and then Governor of Vilna Province
1789 William Bland a transported convict, medical practitioner and surgeon, politician, farmer and inventor in colonial New South Wales, Australia.
1798 Marie-Caroline de Bourbon-Sicile duchess de Berry the daughter of the future King Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his first wife, Maria Clementina of Austria.
1809 Edmond Le Bœuf a marshal of France. He was born at Paris, passed through the École polytechnique and the school of Metz, and distinguished himself as an artillery officer in Algerian warfare, becoming colonel in 1852. He commanded the artillery of the 1st French corps at the siege of Sebastopol, and was promoted in 1854 to the rank of general of brigade, and in 1857 to that of general of division
1810 Alphonso Taft a jurist, diplomat, Attorney General and Secretary of War under President Ulysses Grant. He is also the founder of an American political dynasty, and father of President William Taft
1818 Benjamin Butler (politician) a Major General in the Union Army, a American lawyer and politician who represented Massachusetts in the United States House of Representatives and later served as the 33rd Governor of Massachusetts.
1820 Ernest August Hellmuth von Kiesenwetter a German entomologist who specialised in beetles, or Coleoptera.
1827 Nikolai Severtzov a Russian explorer and naturalist.
1831 Anna Leonowens an Anglo-Indian or Indian-born British travel writer, educator, and social activist.
1835 Moritz Szeps an Austrian journalist and newspaper owner.
1837 Arnold Janssen venerated as a saint. He founded the Society of the Divine Word, a Roman Catholic missionary religious congregation, also known as the Divine Word Missionaries, as well as two congregations for women. In 1889 he founded in Steyl, Netherlands the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit and in 1896 at the same place the Holy Spirit Adoration Sisters. He was canonized on October 5, 2003, by Pope John Paul II
1846 Edward S. Holden an American astronomer and the fifth president of the University of California.
1846 Duncan Gordon Boyes an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He won the award during the Shimonoseki Expedition, Japan in 1864
1848 James Whitbread Lee Glaisher a prolific English mathematician and astronomer.
1849 Rui Barbosa a Brazilian writer, jurist, and politician.
1850 Ella Wheeler Wilcox an American author and poet. Her best-known work was Poems of Passion. Her most enduring work was "Solitude", which contains the lines, "Laugh, and the world laughs with you; weep, and you weep alone". Her autobiography, The Worlds and I, was published in 1918, a year before her death
1851 Edward Robert Hughes an English painter who worked in a style influenced by Pre-Raphaelitism and Aestheticism. Some of his best known works are Midsummer Eve and Night With Her Train of Stars. Hughes was the nephew of Arthur Hughes and studio assistant to William Holman Hunt. He often used watercolour/gouache. He was elected ARWS in 1891, and chose as his diploma work for election to full membership a mystical piece inspired by a verse by Christina Rossetti's Amor Mundi. He experimented with ambitious techniques and was a perfectionist; he did numerous studies for many of his paintings, some of which turned out to be good enough for exhibition
1851 Charles Dupuy a French statesman, three times prime minister.