Died on November 5

1011 Mathilde Abbess of Essen Abbess of Essen Abbey from 973 to her death. As granddaughter of Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great she was a member of the Liudolfing dynasty and became one of the most important abbesses in the history of Essen. She was responsible for the abbey, for its buildings, its precious relics, liturgical vessels and manuscripts, its political contacts, and for commissioning translations and overseeing education. In the unreliable list of Essen Abbesses from 1672, she is listed as the second Abbess Mathilde and as a result, she is sometimes called "Mathilde II" to distinguish her from the earlier abbess of the same name, who is meant to have governed Essen Abbey from 907 to 910 but whose existence is disputed
1219 Hugh IX of Lusignan the grandson of Hugh VIII. His father, also Hugh , was the co-seigneur of Lusignan from 1164, marrying a woman named Orengarde before 1162 or about 1167 and dying in 1169. Hugh IX became seigneur of Lusignan in 1172, seigneur of Couhe and Chateau-Larcher in the 1190s, and Count of La Marche on his grandfather's death. Hugh IX died on the Fifth Crusade at Damietta on 5 November 1219
1235 Elisabeth of Swabia a German princess member of the House of Hohenstaufen and by marriage Queen consort of Castile and Leon.
1370 Casimir III the Great the last King of Poland from the Piast dynasty, the son of King Władysław I and Duchess Hedwig of Kalisz.
1450 John IV Count of Armagnac a Count of Armagnac, Fézensac, and Rodez from 1418 to 1450. He was the son of Bernard VII of Armagnac, Count d' Armagnac, of Fézensac, Pardiac, and Rodez; and the brother of Bernard of Armagnac, Count of Pardiac, of La Marche and Duke of Nemours. His mother was Bonne of Berry, niece of Charles V of France
1459 John Fastolf an English knight during the Hundred Years War, who has enjoyed a more lasting reputation as the prototype, in some part, of Shakespeare's Sir John Falstaff. Many historians consider, however, that he deserves to be famous in his own right, not only as a soldier, but as a patron of literature, a writer on strategy and perhaps as an early industrialist
1515 Mariotto Albertinelli a High Renaissance Italian painter of the Florentine school, closely involved with Fra Bartolomeo and influenced by Raphael.
1526 Scipione del Ferro an Italian mathematician who first discovered a method to solve the depressed cubic equation.
1556 Hemu a Hindu emperor of North India during the 16th century CE, a period when the Mughals and Afghans were vying for power in the region.
1585 Pontus De la Gardie a French nobleman and general in the service of Denmark and Sweden.
1605 Nyaungyan Min king of the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1599 to 1605. He is also referred to as the founder of the Restored Toungoo Dynasty or Nyaungyan Dynasty for starting the reunification process following the collapse of the Toungoo Empire
1642 Zygmunt Karol Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble, komorzy stolowicki from 1614, poznanski from 1625, krajczy of the queen from 1617, krajczy or Lithuania from 1633, podczaszy of Lithuania from 1638, voivode of Nowogródek from 1642, member of Knights Hospitaller , patron of Knight Hospitallers centers in Poznań and Stwołowce.
1660 Lucy Hay Countess of Carlisle an English courtier known for her beauty and wit. She was involved in many political intrigues during the English Civil War
1660 Alexandre de Rhodes a French Jesuit missionary and lexicographer who had a lasting impact on Christianity in Vietnam. He wrote the Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum, the first trilingual Vietnamese-Portuguese-Latin dictionary published in Rome in 1651
1675 Cort Adeler the name of honour given to Kurt Sivertsen, a Norwegian seaman, who rendered distinguished service to the Danish and Dutch navies, and also to the Republic of Venice against the Turks.
1678 Giovan Battista Nani a Venetian ambassador, librarian, archivist, amateur botanist and historian, born into a patrician family.
1687 Ioannis Kigalas a Greek scholar and professor of Philosophy and Logic who was largely active in Padova and Venice in the 17th-century Italian Renaissance.
1701 Charles Gerard 2nd Earl of Macclesfield an English peer, soldier and MP.
1714 Bernardino Ramazzini an Italian physician.
1736 Claude-Guy Hallé a French painter. He was the son of the painter Daniel Hallé
1746 John Louis II Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dornburg. After 1742 he became ruler over the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
1752 Carl Andreas Duker a German classical scholar and jurist.
1758 Hans Egede a Dano-Norwegian Lutheran missionary who launched mission efforts to Greenland, which led him to be styled the Apostle of Greenland. He established a successful mission among the Inuit and is credited with revitalizing Dano-Norwegian interest in the island after contact had been broken for hundreds of years. He founded Greenland's capital Godthåb, now known as Nuuk
1775 Christian IV Count Palatine of Zweibrücken Duke of Zweibrücken from 1735 to 1775. He was the son of Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
1800 Jesse Ramsden an English mathematician, astronomical and scientific instrument maker.
1801 Humphry Marshall an American botanist and plant dealer.
1801 Motoori Norinaga a Japanese scholar of Kokugaku active during the Edo period. He is probably the best known and most prominent of all scholars in this tradition
1804 Maria Anna Adamberger an Austrian actress. She was known for her roles in various comedies, while her sister Katharina Adamberger preferred tragic roles. Heinrich von Collin and other poets have composed pieces about her
1805 Giovanni Andrea Archetti an Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal.
1806 Georg Melchior Kraus a German painter. A student of Johann Heinrich Tischbein, he was also a teacher himself , as well as an entrepreneur and friend of Goethe. He was a co-founder of the Fürstliche freie Zeichenschule Weimar with Friedrich Justin Bertuch in 1776
1807 Angelica Kauffman a Swiss-born Austrian Neoclassical painter who had a successful career in London and Rome. Though born as "Kauffmann", Kauffman is the preferred spelling of her name in English; it is the form she herself used most in signing her correspondence, documents and paintings
1807 Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst a German naturalist and entomologist from Petershagen, Minden-Ravensberg. He served as a chaplain in the Prussian army. His marriage in Berlin, 1770, with Euphrosyne Luise Sophie , daughter of the Prussian Hofrat Libert Waldschmidt seems to have been childless
1818 Heinrich Füger a German portrait and historical painter.
1828 Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg) the second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia and mother of Tsar Alexander I and Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.
1841 Martin-Michel-Charles Gaudin a French statesman, Napoleon I Bonaparte's Minister of Finances from November 1799 to March 1814, including the Cent Jours following Napoleon's return from Elba.
1846 Fyodor Ivanovich Tolstoy a Russian nobleman from the well-known Tolstoy family. Possessed of an unusual temper, he became famous for his gambling, his passion for duels, and his voyage to North America, where he earned his nickname. He was acquainted with many famous authors of his period and served as a prototype for some of the characters in their works
1850 Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este the third son of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and of his wife Princess Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este, last member and heiress of the House of Este. For much of the Napoleonic Wars he was in command of the Austrian army
1853 János Garay a Hungarian poet and author, was born in Szekszárd, Tolna County. From 1823 to 1828 he studied at Pécs, and subsequently, in 1829, at the University of Pest. In 1834 he brought out an heroic poem, in hexameters, under the title Csatár. Garay was an energetic journalist, and in 1838 he moved to Bratislava, where he edited the political journal Hírnök. He returned to Pest in 1839, when he was elected a corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. In 1842 he was admitted into the Kisfaludy Society, of which he became second secretary
1854 George Cathcart a British general and diplomat.
1857 Edmund Davy a professor of Chemistry at the Royal Cork Institution from 1813 and professor of chemistry at the Royal Dublin Society from 1826. He discovered acetylene, as it was later named by Marcellin Berthelot. He was also an original member of the Chemical Society, and a member of the Royal Irish Academy
1860 Johann Friedrich Klotzsch a German pharmacist and botanist.
1867 Leopoldo O'Donnell 1st Duke of Tetuan a Spanish general and statesman. He was of Irish paternal descent, a descendant of Calvagh O'Donnell, Rí of Tyrconnell
1867 Tanneguy Duchâtel a French politician. He was Minister of the Interior in the Cabinet of François-Pierre Guizot , losing office in the February Revolution
1867 Santiago Derqui president of Argentina from March 5, 1860 to November 5, 1861. He was featured on the 10 Australes note, which is now obsolete
1872 Thomas Sully an American painter, mostly of portraits.
1873 Richard Delafield Chief of Engineers, and was a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
1873 Mary Anna Custis Lee a third cousin and the wife of Robert Lee, the prominent career military officer who subsequently commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the American Civil War. They married at her parents' home, Arlington House, in Virginia in 1831, and had seven children together; she survived him by three years
1876 Theodor von Heuglin a German explorer and ornithologist.
1879 James Clerk Maxwell a Scottish mathematical physicist. His most notable achievement was to formulate the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation, bringing together for the first time electricity, magnetism, and light as manifestations of the same phenomenon. Maxwell's equations for electromagnetism have been called the "second great unification in physics" after the first one realised by Isaac Newton. James was also a dedicated Christian from his childhood and saw his science as a natural extension of his faith
1884 Erminia Frezzolini an Italian operatic soprano. Along with Henriette Sontag, she was one of the leading operatic sopranos of her generation. She excelled in the coloratura soprano repertoire, drawing particular acclaim in the bel canto operas of Gaetano Donizetti and Vincenzo Bellini. She was married to tenor Antonio Poggi from 1841-1846