Born on November 6

1391 Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March heir presumptive to King Richard II of England. After the deposition of Richard II, because of Mortimer's claim to the crown, he was the focus of plots against King Henry IV and King Henry Mortimer was the last Earl of March to come from his family
1479 Joanna of Castile queen of Castile from 1504 and of Aragon from 1516. From the union of these two crowns modern Spain evolved. Joanna married Philip the Handsome, who was crowned King of Castile in 1506, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs in Spain. After Philip's death that same year, Joanna was deemed mentally ill and was confined to a nunnery for the rest of her life. Though she remained the legal queen of Castile throughout this time, her father, Ferdinand II of Aragon, was regent until his death, when she inherited his kingdom as well. From 1517, her son, Charles, ruled as king, while she nominally remained co-monarch
1494 Suleiman the Magnificent the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566.
1530 Josias Simmler a Swiss theologian and classicist, author of the first book relating solely to the Alps.
1534 Joachim Camerarius the Younger a German physician, botanist, zoologist and humanist scholar.
1550 Karin Månsdotter Queen of Sweden, first a mistress and then, for a few months in 1568, the consort of Eric XIV of Sweden. The asteroid 832 Karin is named in her honour
1568 Herman of Kazan and Svyazhsk an archbishop of Kazan and later candidate Metropolitan of Moscow.
1607 Sigmund Theophil Staden an important early German composer.
1617 Leopoldo de' Medici an Italian cardinal, scholar, patron of the arts and Governor of Siena. He was the brother of Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
1636 Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy the wife of the Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria. She had much political influence in her adopted country and with her husband did much to improve the welfare of the Electorate of Bavaria
1661 Charles II of Spain the last Habsburg ruler of Spain. His realm included Southern Netherlands and Spain's overseas empire, stretching from the Americas to the Spanish East Indies. Known as "the Bewitched" , he is noted for his extensive physical, intellectual, and emotional disabilities—along with his consequent ineffectual rule
1673 Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov a Russian statesman, whose official titles included Generalissimus, Prince of the Russian Empire and Duke of Izhora , Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Duke of Cosel. A highly appreciated associate and friend of Tsar Peter the Great, he was the de facto ruler of Russia for two years
1692 Louis Racine a French poet of the Age of the Enlightenment.
1702 Josias Weitbrecht a known German Professor of Medicine and Anatomy in Russia.
1706 William Tans'ur an English hymn-writer, composer of West gallery music, and teacher of music. His output includes approximately a hundred hymn tunes and psalm settings and a Te Deum. His manual A New Musical Grammar was still popular in the nineteenth century
1719 Louis-Antoine Caraccioli a prolific French writer, poet, historian, and biographer long time considered an "enemy of Philosophy" because of his broad apologetic production.
1730 Leonardo Antonelli an Italian Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church.
1753 Jean-Baptiste Bréval a French cellist and composer. He wrote mostly pieces for his own instrument, and performed many world premières of his own pieces
1753 Mikhail Kozlovsky a Russian Neoclassical sculptor active during the Age of Enlightenment.
1754 Frederick I of Württemberg the last Duke of Würtemberg, then briefly Elector of Württemberg, and was later elevated to the status of King of Württemberg, by Napoleon He was known for his size: at 2.11 m and about 200 kg.
1755 Stanisław Staszic a leading figure in the Polish Enlightenment: a Catholic priest, philosopher, geologist, writer, poet, translator and statesman. A physiocrat, monist, pan-Slavist and laissez-fairist, he supported many reforms in Poland. He is particularly remembered for his political writings during the "Great Sejm" and for his support of the Constitution of 3 May 1791, adopted by that Sejm
1757 Karl Ludwig von Phull a German general in the service of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Russian Empire. Phull served as Chief of the General Staff of King Frederick William III of Prussia in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt. While in Russian service, he successfully advocated for a scorched earth policy during Napoleon's invasion of Russia
1766 Carlo Giuseppe Guglielmo Botta an Italian historian.
1771 Alois Senefelder a German actor and playwright who invented the printing technique of lithography in 1796.
1773 Henry Hunt (politician) a British radical speaker and agitator remembered as a pioneer of working-class radicalism and an important influence on the later Chartist movement. He advocated parliamentary reform and the repeal of the Corn Laws
1781 Giovanni Antonio Amedeo Plana an Italian astronomer and mathematician.
1781 Lucy Aikin a historical writer.
1782 Maha Bandula commander-in-chief of the Royal Burmese Armed Forces from 1821 until his death in 1825 in the First Anglo-Burmese War. Bandula was a key figure in the Konbaung dynasty's policy of expansionism in Manipur and Assam that ultimately resulted in the war and the beginning of the downfall of the dynasty. Nonetheless, the general, who died in action, is celebrated as a national hero by the Burmese for his resistance to the British. Today, some of the most prominent places in the country are named after him
1784 Laure Junot Duchess of Abrantes a French writer. She was the spouse of French general Jean-Andoche Junot
1788 Giuseppe Donizetti was, from 1828, Instructor General of the Imperial Ottoman Music at the court of Sultan Mahmud II.
1793 Friedrich Günther Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt a sovereign prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.
1794 Aimable Pélissier a marshal of France.
1796 George Back a British naval officer, explorer of the Canadian Arctic, naturalist and artist.
1797 Gabriel Andral a distinguished French pathologist and a professor at the University of Paris.
1804 Benjamin Hall Kennedy an English scholar and schoolmaster, known for his work in the teaching of the Latin language.
1809 Rudolf Kohlrausch a German physicist.
1811 Markiyan Shashkevych a priest of the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church, a poet, a translator, and the leader of the literary revival in Right Bank Ukraine.
1814 Ábrahám Ganz a Swiss-born Hungarian iron manufacturer, machine and technical engineer, father of the Ganz companies.
1814 Adolphe Sax well known for having invented the saxophone. He also invented the saxotromba, saxhorn and saxtuba
1815 Max Lilienthal a German-born adviser for the reform of Jewish schools in Russia and later a rabbi and proponent of Reform Judaism in the United States.
1817 Gustav Karl Wilhelm Hermann Karsten a German botanist and geologist.
1818 Pavel Ivanovich Melnikov a Russian writer, known for his opera magna In the Forests and On the Hills, which describe the unique life of Transvolga and its dialects.
1825 Julian Klaczko a Polish author, proficient in Hebrew, Polish, French, and German.
1825 Emmanuel Domenech a French abbé, missionary and author.
1825 Charles Garnier (architect) a French architect, perhaps best known as the architect of the Palais Garnier and the Opéra de Monte-Carlo.
1828 Adolph Northen a German painter.
1833 Jonas Lie considered to have been one of the Four Greats of 19th century Norwegian literature, together with Henrik Ibsen, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson and Alexander Kielland.
1835 Cesare Lombroso an Italian criminologist, physician, and founder of the Italian School of Positivist Criminology. Lombroso rejected the established Classical School, which held that crime was a characteristic trait of human nature. Instead, using concepts drawn from physiognomy, early eugenics, psychiatry and Social Darwinism, Lombroso's theory of anthropological criminology essentially stated that criminality was inherited, and that someone "born criminal" could be identified by physical defects, which confirmed a criminal as savage, or atavistic
1836 Francis Ellingwood Abbot an American philosopher and theologian who sought to reconstruct theology in accord with scientific method.
1838 Ulrich Köhler a German archaeologist.