Born on November 7

15 Agrippina the Younger a Roman Empress and one of the more prominent women in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. She was a great-granddaughter of the Emperor Augustus, great-niece and adoptive granddaughter of the Emperor Tiberius, sister of the Emperor Caligula, niece and fourth wife of the Emperor Claudius, and mother of the Emperor Nero
630 Constans II Byzantine Emperor from 641 to 668. He was the last emperor to serve as consul, in 642. Constans is a diminutive nickname given to the Emperor, who had been baptized Herakleios and reigned officially as Constantine. The nickname established itself in Byzantine texts and has become standard in modern historiography
994 Ibn Hazm an Andalusian polymath born in Córdoba, present-day Spain. He was a leading proponent and codifier of the Zahiri school of Islamic thought, and produced a reported 400 works of which only 40 still survive, covering a range of topics such as Islamic jurisprudence, history, ethics, comparative religion, and theology, as well as The Ring of the Dove, on the art of love. The Encyclopaedia of Islam refers to him as having been one of the leading thinkers of the Muslim world, and he is widely acknowledged as the father of comparative religious studies
1316 Simeon of Moscow Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir. Simeon continued his father's policies of supporting the Golden Horde and acting as its leading enforcer in Russia. Simeon's rule was marked by regular military and political standoffs against Novgorod Republic and Lithuania. His relationships with neighboring Russian principalities remained peaceful if not passive: Simeon stayed aside from conflicts between subordinate princes. He had recourse to war only when war was unavoidable. A relatively quiet period for Moscow was ended by the Black Death that claimed the lives of Simeon and his sons in 1353
1344 Joanna of Aragon Countess of Ampurias the second child of Peter IV of Aragon and his first wife Maria of Navarre. She was an Infanta of Aragon by birth and Countess of Ampurias by her marriage. She was a member of the House of Aragon
1449 Konrad von Erlichshausen the 30th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1441 to 1449.
1474 Lorenzo Campeggio an Italian cardinal and politician. He was the last cardinal protector of England
1567 Margherita Farnese a daughter of Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma and Infanta Maria of Guimarães. She was named after her father's mother Margaret of Parma, natural daughter of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
1598 Francisco de Zurbarán a Spanish painter. He is known primarily for his religious paintings depicting monks, nuns, and martyrs, and for his still-lifes. Zurbarán gained the nickname Spanish Caravaggio, owing to the forceful, realistic use of chiaroscuro in which he excelled
1612 Pierre Mignard a French painter. He was born at Troyes, and came of a family of artists; he also needs to be distinguished from his nephew Pierre , often called "Pierre II" or "Le Chevalier"
1619 Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux a French writer known for his Historiettes, a collection of short biographies.
1650 John Robinson (bishop of London) an English diplomat and prelate.
1674 Christian III Count Palatine of Zweibrücken a German nobleman. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach. He was the son of Christian II of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Katharina Agathe, Countess of Rappoltstein. He was Duke and Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1717 to 1731. In 1731, he inherited the sovereign duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken and thus became Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. He was also Count of Rappoltstein from 1699 until his death
1677 Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg a margravine of Baden. She had a place in the regency during the minority of her grandson in 1738-42
1680 Christian III Maurice Duke of Saxe-Merseburg a duke of Saxe-Merseburg and member of the House of Wettin.
1680 John Ligonier 1st Earl Ligonier a French-born British soldier. He enjoyed a distinguished career as an active officer, and later became a leading official of the Pitt-Newcastle Ministry that led Britain during the Seven Years' War exercising extensive control over Britain's army as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces
1683 Anton thor Helle the translator of the first Bible in Estonian in 1739, and the first Estonian grammar. The New Testament was a North Estonian revision of the 1648 version by Johannes Gutslaff author of Observationes Grammaticae circa linguam Esthonicam, and Helle's version was revised many times, including by Malm in 1896
1687 William Stukeley an English antiquarian who pioneered the archaeological investigation of the prehistoric monuments of Stonehenge and Avebury, work for which he has been remembered as "probably... the most important of the early forerunners of the discipline of archaeology". Stukeley was also one of the first biographers of Isaac Newton, of whom he was a friend. He was an Anglican clergyman
1706 Carlo Cecere an Italian composer of operas, concertos and instrumental duets including, for example, some mandolin duets and a concerto for mandolin. Cecere worked in the transitional period between the Baroque and Classical eras
1720 Heraclius II of Georgia a Georgian monarch of the Bagrationi Dynasty, reigning as the king of Kakheti from 1744 to 1762, and of Kartli and Kakheti from 1762 until 1798. In the contemporary Persian sources he is referred to as Erekli Khan , while Russians knew him as Irakly. His name is frequently transliterated in a Latinized form Heraclius because both names Erekle and Irakli are Georgian versions of this Greek name
1728 James Cook a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand
1731 Robert Rogers (soldier) an American colonial frontiersman. Rogers served in the British army during both the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. During the French and Indian War Rogers raised and commanded the famous Rogers' Rangers
1737 Johann Eleazar Zeissig a German genre, portrait and porcelain painter, and engraver; director of the Royal Academy of Arts in Dresden.
1750 Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg a German poet, lawyer and translator born at Bramstedt in Holstein.
1760 Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau a general from the Southern Netherlands, in the service of France and the Netherlands.
1763 Friedrich August von Staegemann a Prussian politician and diplomat.
1776 James Abercromby 1st Baron Dunfermline a British barrister and Whig politician. He served as Speaker of the House of Commons between 1835 and 1839
1787 Vuk Stefanović Karadžić a Serbian philologist and linguist who was the major reformer of the Serbian language. He deserves, perhaps, for his collections of songs, fairy tales, and riddles to be called the father of the study of Serbian folklore. He was also the author of the first Serbian dictionary in his new reformed language
1790 Luigi Legnani an Italian guitarist, singer, composer and luthier.
1790 Karol Podczaszyński a Polish architect, a representative of the neoclassical architecture and a professor of the Imperial University of Vilna, as well as one of the pioneers of industrial design.
1793 Antoine Clot a French physician known as Clot Bey while practicing in Egypt.
1799 Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges born and died in Paris. He was one of the most prolific librettists of the 19th century, often working in collaboration with others
1800 Platt Rogers Spencer the originator of Spencerian penmanship, a popular system of cursive handwriting.
1803 Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets a Russian mining engineer and the chief of Russian Mining Engineering Corps between 1845 and 1861. The mineral samarskite , and chemical element samarium are named after him. He was the first person whose name was given to a chemical element
1805 Thomas Brassey an English civil engineering contractor and manufacturer of building materials who was responsible for building much of the world's railways in the 19th century. By 1847, he had built about one-third of the railways in Britain, and by time of his death in 1870 he had built one in every twenty miles of railway in the world. This included three-quarters of the lines in France, major lines in many other European countries and in Canada, Australia, South America and India. He also built the structures associated with those railways, including docks, bridges, viaducts, stations, tunnels and drainage works
1810 Ferenc Erkel a Hungarian composer, conductor and pianist. He was the father of Hungarian grand opera, written mainly on historical themes, which are still often performed in Hungary. He also composed the music of "Himnusz", the national anthem of Hungary, which was adopted in 1844. He died in Budapest
1811 William Colenso a Cornish Christian missionary to New Zealand, and also a printer, botanist, explorer and politician.
1811 Karel Jaromír Erben a Czech historian, poet and writer of the mid-19th century, best known for his collection Kytice , which contains poems based on traditional and folkloric themes.
1818 Emil du Bois-Reymond a German physician and physiologist, the discoverer of nerve action potential, and the father of experimental electrophysiology.
1828 Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry a French painter.
1832 Andrew Dickson White a U.S. diplomat, historian, and educator, who was the co-founder of Cornell University.
1834 Ernest Gagnon a Canadian folklorist, composer, and organist. He is best known for compiling a large amount of French Canadian folk music which he published as Chansons populaires du Canada in 1865–1867. He was greatly admired for his virtuoso performances on the organ and was also considered an expert at plainsong accompaniment
1837 George Alexander Forsyth a United States military officer most notable for his service in the cavalry.
1837 Stanisław Tarnowski a Polish nobleman , historian, literary critic, publicist.
1838 Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam a French symbolist writer.
1839 Hermann Levi a German Jewish orchestral conductor.
1840 Alexander Kovalevsky a Russian embryologist of Polish descent, who studied medicine at the University of Heidelberg and became professor at St Petersburg. He showed that all animals go through a period of gastrulation
1843 Heinrich Friedrich Weber a physicist born in the town of Magdala, near Weimar. Around 1861 he entered the University of Jena, where Ernst Abbe became the first of two physicists who decisively influenced his career. Weber soon discovered, however, that he lacked sufficient mathematical talent, and so he abandoned mathematics entirely
1844 Albert Dastre a French physiologist born in Paris.
1845 Ottavio Cagiano de Azevedo an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Religious from 1913 to 1915, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1905