Born on November 8

30 Nerva Roman Emperor from 96 to 98. Nerva became Emperor at the age of sixty-five, after a lifetime of imperial service under Nero and the rulers of the Flavian dynasty. Under Nero, he was a member of the imperial entourage and played a vital part in exposing the Pisonian conspiracy of 65. Later, as a loyalist to the Flavians, he attained consulships in 71 and 90 during the reigns of Vespasian and Domitian respectively
1050 Sviatopolk II of Kiev supreme ruler of the Kievan Rus for 20 years, from 1093 to 1113. He was not a popular prince, and his reign was marked by incessant rivalry with his cousin Vladimir Monomakh. Upon his death the Kievan citizens raised a rebellion against the Jewish merchants and Varangian officials who speculated in grain and salt
1342 Julian of Norwich regarded as one of the most important Christian mystics. She is venerated in the Anglican and Lutheran churches, but has never been canonised or beatified. Written around 1395, her work, Revelations of Divine Love, is the first book in the English language known to have been written by a woman
1344 Robert Duke of Bar Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson and Count and then Duke of Bar. He succeeded his elder brother Edward II of Bar as count in 1352, and the county was promoted to a duchy in 1354. Their parents were Henry IV of Bar and Yolande, granddaughter of Robert III, Count of Flanders
1491 Teofilo Folengo one of the principal Italian macaronic poets.
1543 Lettice Knollys an English noblewoman and mother to the courtiers Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and Lady Penelope Rich, although via her marriage to Elizabeth I's favourite, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, she incurred the Queen's unrelenting displeasure.
1555 Nyaungyan Min king of the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1599 to 1605. He is also referred to as the founder of the Restored Toungoo Dynasty or Nyaungyan Dynasty for starting the reunification process following the collapse of the Toungoo Empire
1563 Henry II Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1608 until his death. Leaving no sons, both of his daughters became Duchesses of Lorraine by marriage. He was a brother-in-law of Henry IV of France
1572 John Sigismund Elector of Brandenburg a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from the House of Hohenzollern. He also served as a Duke of Prussia
1622 Charles X Gustav of Sweden King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. He was the son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Catherine of Sweden. After his father's death he also succeeded him as Pfalzgraf. He was married to Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, who bore his son and successor, Charles Charles X Gustav was the second Wittelsbach king of Sweden after the childless king Christopher of Bavaria and he was the first king of the Swedish Caroline era, which had its peak during the end of the reign of his son, Charles He led Sweden during the Second Northern War, enlarging the Swedish Empire. By his predecessor Christina, he was considered de facto Duke of Eyland before ascending to the Swedish throne
1626 César-Pierre Richelet a French grammarian and lexicographer, and the editor of the first dictionary of the French language.
1656 Edmond Halley best known for computing the orbit of the eponymous Halley's Comet. He was the second Astronomer Royal in Britain, succeeding John Flamsteed
1680 Constanzo Beschi an Italian Jesuit priest, Missionary in South India, and renowned poet in the Tamil language.
1698 Alberico Archinto an Italian cardinal and papal diplomat.
1706 Johann Ulrich von Cramer an eminent German judge, legal scholar, and Enlightenment philosopher.
1710 Sarah Fielding a British author and sister of the novelist Henry Fielding. She was the author of The Governess, or The Little Female Academy , which was the first novel in English written especially for children , and had earlier achieved success with her novel The Adventures of David Simple
1715 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern Queen of Prussia from 1740 to 1786 as the spouse of Frederick the Great. By birth, she was a Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. She was also the longest serving queen of Prussia
1718 Joseph Aloys Schmittbaur a German composer, Kapellmeister, instrument maker and music teacher.
1723 John Byron Vice Admiral The Hon. John Byron, RN was a Royal Navy officer. He was known as Foul-weather Jack because of his frequent encounters with bad weather at sea
1725 Johann George Tromlitz a flautist, flute maker and composer.
1737 Antoine Bruni d'Entrecasteaux a French naval officer, explorer and colonial governor. He is perhaps best known for his exploration of the Australian coast in 1792, while searching for the La Pérouse expedition. Antoine Bruni d'Entrecasteaux is commonly referred to simply as Bruni d'Entrecasteaux or Bruny d'Entrecasteaux, which is a compound surname
1746 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Crown Princess of Prussia the first wife of Prince Frederick William, her cousin and the future king Frederick William II of Prussia.
1755 Dorothea Viehmann a German storyteller. Her stories were an important source for the fairy tales collected by the Brothers Grimm. Most of Dorothea Viehmann's tales were published in the second volume of Grimms' Fairy Tales
1761 Akiva Eger an outstanding Talmudic scholar, influential halakhic decisor and foremost leader of European Jewry during the early 19th century. He was also a mohel
1763 Otto Wilhelm Masing an early Baltic German Estophile and a major advocate of peasant rights, especially regarding education.
1768 Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom the second daughter of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
1768 Sir Michael Seymour 1st Baronet an officer of the Royal Navy. He served during the French Revolutionary and the Napoleonic Wars, eventually rising to the rank of Rear-Admiral
1772 William Wirt (Attorney General) credited with turning the position of United States Attorney General into one of influence. Wirt County, West Virginia is named in his honor
1775 Jacob Peter Mynster a Danish theologian and Bishop of Zealand, Denmark from 1834 until his death.
1777 Anna Lopukhina a royal mistress to Emperor Paul of Russia. In 1798, She replaced Catherine Nelidova as the chief mistress
1777 Désirée Clary Queen of Sweden and Norway as the consort of King Charles XIV John, a former French General and founder of the House of Bernadotte, and one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte. She officially changed her name there to Desideria, a Latin name which she did not use herself
1784 Teodor Narbutt a Polonophone writer of Lithuanian descent, Romantic historian and military engineer in service of Russian Empire. He is best remembered as the author of a ten-volume Polish-language history of Lithuania from the early Middle Ages to the Union of Lublin
1788 Mihály Bertalanits a Slovene cantor, teacher, and poet in Hungary.
1794 Sergei Grigoriyevich Stroganov a Russian statesman, art historian, archaeologist, collector, and philanthropist. He was a member of the highly successful and prominent Stroganov family
1795 Albert Gottfried Dietrich a German botanist born in Danzig.
1802 Benjamin Hall 1st Baron Llanover a British civil engineer and politician.
1803 Yevfimy Putyatin a Russian admiral noted for his diplomatic missions to Japan and China which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Shimoda in 1855.
1810 Pierre Bosquet a French Army general. He served during the conquest of Algeria and the Crimean War; returning from Crimea he was made Marshal of France and senator
1814 Gustav Hartlaub a German physician and ornithologist.
1817 Charles Cavendish-Bentinck (priest) a great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. His significance lies in his position as a royal ancestor, and in his own connections by birth to three powerful British ducal families
1817 Davorin Trstenjak a Slovene writer, historian and Roman Catholic priest.
1821 Joseph Sembratovych the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from 1870 until his resignation in 1882.
1823 Joseph Monier a French gardener and one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete.
1825 Ludwig Carl Christian Koch a German entomologist and arachnologist.
1830 Oliver O. Howard a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. As a brigade commander in the Army of the Potomac, Howard lost his right arm while leading his men against Confederate forces at Fair Oaks in June 1862, an action which later earned him the Medal of Honor. As a corps commander, he suffered two humiliating defeats at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg in May and July 1863, but recovered from the setbacks as a successful corps and later army commander in the Western Theater
1830 Raphael Patkanian one of the most popular Armenian poets.
1831 Robert Bulwer-Lytton 1st Earl of Lytton an English statesman and poet. He served as Viceroy of India between 1876 and 1880, including during the Second Anglo-Afghan War, 1878–1880 and the Great Famine of 1876–78
1834 David P. Thompson an American businessman and politician in the Pacific Northwest. He was governor of the Idaho Territory from 1875 to 1876. A native of Ohio, he immigrated to the Oregon Territory in 1853. In Oregon, Thompson would become a wealthy business man, and served in the Oregon Legislative Assembly, as both a Republican and a Democrat, both before and after his time in Idaho, with election to both chambers of the legislature
1835 Peter von Glehn a Russian botanist.
1836 Milton Bradley an American game pioneer, credited by many with launching the board game industry in North America with Milton Bradley Company.