Died on November 8

397 Martin of Tours Bishop of Tours, whose shrine in France became a famous stopping-point for pilgrims on the road to Santiago de Compostela in Spain. He has become one of the most familiar and recognisable Christian saints. As he was born in what is now Szombathely, Hungary, spent much of his childhood in Pavia, Italy, and lived most of his adult life in France, he is considered a spiritual bridge across Europe
618 Pope Adeodatus I Pope from 13 November 615 to his death in 618.
789 Willehad a Christian missionary and the Bishop of Bremen from 787.
955 Pope Agapetus II Pope from 10 May 946 to his death in 955. A nominee of the Princeps of Rome, Alberic II, his pontificate occurred during the period known as the Saeculum obscurum
1111 Otto II Count of Habsburg a Graf of Habsburg and one of the founding members of the Habsburg family. He was the son of Werner I, Count of Habsburg. In 1108, Otto accompanied Kaiser Heinrich V on a campaign against Hungary. On his return, in 1111, he was murdered. Otto was probably the first person to adopt the title "Graf von Habsburg"
1171 Baldwin IV Count of Hainaut count of Hainaut from 1120 to his death. He was the son of Baldwin III, Count of Hainaut, and Yolande de Wassenberg
1195 Conrad Count Palatine of the Rhine the first hereditary Count Palatine of the Rhine.
1226 Louis VIII of France a Capetian King of France who reigned from 1223 to 1226, he was also disputed King of England from 1216 to 1217. Louis VIII was born in Paris, the son of Philip II and Isabelle of Hainaut from whom he inherited the County of Artois
1234 Baha ad-Din ibn Shaddad a 12th-century Muslim jurist and scholar, a Kurdish historian of great note, notable for writing a biography of Saladin whom he knew well.
1240 Ibn Arabi an Arab Andalusian Sufi mystic and philosopher.
1246 Berengaria of Castile Queen of Castile in 1217 and Queen consort of León from 1197 to 1204.
1258 Grzymisława of Luck a Princess of Krakow, daughter of Ingvar of Kiev, Grand Prince of Kiev and Prince of Lutsk from the Rurikid Dynasty.
1308 Duns Scotus generally considered to be one of the three most important philosopher-theologians of the High Middle Ages. Scotus has had considerable influence on both Catholic and secular thought. The doctrines for which he is best known are the "univocity of being," that existence is the most abstract concept we have, applicable to everything that exists; the formal distinction, a way of distinguishing between different aspects of the same thing; and the idea of haecceity, the property supposed to be in each individual thing that makes it an individual. Scotus also developed a complex argument for the existence of God, and argued for the Immaculate Conception of Mary
1402 Joan of Brittany Baroness of Drayton the sister of John V, Duke of Brittany.
1471 Louis II Landgrave of Lower Hesse the Landgrave of Lower Hesse from 1458 - 1471.
1494 Melozzo da Forlì an Italian Renaissance painter and architect. His fresco paintings are notable for the use of foreshortening. He was the most important member of the Forlì painting school
1517 Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros O.F.M. known as Ximénes de Cisneros in his own lifetime, and commonly referred to today as simply Cisneros, was a Spanish cardinal, religious zealot, and statesman. Starting from humble beginnings he rose to the heights of power becoming a religious reformer, twice regent of Spain, Cardinal, Grand Inquisitor, forced converter of the Moors, promoter of the Crusades in North Africa, and founder of the Complutense University. Among his literary works, he is best known for funding the Complutensian Polyglot Bible, the first printed polyglot version of the entire Bible. He also edited and published the first printed editions of the missal and the breviary of the Mozarabic Rite and established a chapel with a college of thirteen priests to celebrate the Mozarabic divine office and mass each day in the Cathedral of Toledo
1527 Jerome Emser born of a good family at Ulm.
1599 Francisco Guerrero (composer) a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He was born and died in Seville
1600 Natsuka Masaie a daimyō in the Azuchi-Momoyama period and one of the Go-Bugyō, or five commissioners, appointed by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
1605 Robert Catesby the leader of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
1607 Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst a princess of Anhalt by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.
1633 Xu Guangqi a Chinese scholar-bureaucrat, agricultural scientist, astronomer, and mathematician in the Ming Dynasty. Xu was a colleague and collaborator of the Italian Jesuits Matteo Ricci and Sabatino de Ursis and they translated several classic Western texts into Chinese, including part of Euclid's Elements. He was also the author of the Nong Zheng Quan Shu, one of the first comprehensive treatises on the subject of agriculture. He was one of the "Three Pillars of Chinese Catholicism". His current title is Servant of God
1658 Witte Corneliszoon de With a famous Dutch naval officer of the 17th century.
1670 Emmanuel Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Plötzkau. From 1665, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen
1674 John Milton an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and a civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost , written in blank verse
1675 Allaert van Everdingen a Dutch Golden Age painter and printmaker in etching and mezzotint.
1719 Michel Rolle a French mathematician. He is best known for Rolle's theorem. He is also the co-inventor in Europe of Gaussian elimination
1739 Vasily Lukich Dolgorukov a Russian diplomat and minister who was the most powerful man in the country in the later years of Peter II's reign.
1778 Princess Casimire of Anhalt-Dessau a princess of Anhalt-Dessau by birth and Countess of Lippe-Detmold by marriage.
1789 Giovanni Antonio Battarra an Italian priest, naturalist, and mycologist. In 1755, he published Fungorum Agri Ariminensis Historia, consisting of 80 pages and illustrated with 40 copper plates drawn and engraved by himself, in which he described 248 species of fungi
1793 Madame Roland Marie-Jeanne Phlippon Roland, better known simply as Madame Roland and born Marie-Jeanne Phlippon , was, together with her husband Jean-Marie Roland de la Platière, a supporter of the French Revolution and influential member of the Girondist faction. She fell out of favour during the Reign of Terror and died on the guillotine
1805 François-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud a French writer and dramatist.
1807 Pierre-Alexandre-Laurent Forfait a French engineer, hydrographer and politician, and Minister of the Navy.
1813 Johannes Scherbius a German physician and botanist.
1817 Andrea Appiani an Italian neoclassical painter.
1821 Jean Rapp a French Army general during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
1828 Thomas Bewick an English engraver and natural history author. Early in his career he took on all kinds of work such as engraving cutlery, making the wood blocks for advertisements, and illustrating children's books. Gradually he turned to illustrating, writing and publishing his own books, gaining an adult audience for the fine illustrations in A History of Quadrupeds
1830 Sylvester Shchedrin a Russian landscape painter.
1830 Francis I of the Two Sicilies King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830.
1864 Juan Van Halen a Spanish military officer. After fighting for the losing side in the Peninsular War, he was forced to flee to Spain. Van Halen became a military adventurer throughout Europe and went on an 18-month tenure as a colonel in the Russian Caucasus Dragoon Regiment until his removal by Tsar Alexander I of Russia
1865 André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin a French advocate, president of the chamber of deputies and of the Legislative Assembly.
1868 John Mercer Johnson a politician in the Province of New Brunswick, Canada and a Father of Confederation. He represented Northumberland in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 1868 as a Liberal member
1873 Manuel Bretón de los Herreros a Spanish dramatist, educated at Madrid. Enlisting on 24 May 1812, he served against the French in Valencia and Catalonia, and retired with the rank of corporal on 8 March 1822. He obtained a minor post in the civil service under the liberal government, and on his discharge determined to earn his living by writing for the stage
1876 Antonio Tamburini an Italian operatic baritone.
1876 Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo an Italian noblewoman and was the Princess della Cisterna in her own right. Married to the Amedeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta, a son of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy she was later the queen of Spain from 1870 until her husband's abdication in 1873. She is an ancestress of the present Duke of Apulia, a claimant to the throne of Italy
1877 Karel Sabina a Czech writer and journalist.
1877 Amalie Auguste of Bavaria a Princess of Bavaria and Queen of Saxony.
1882 Richard Arnold (general) a career U.S. Army officer who served as a brigadier general in the Union forces during the American Civil War. His artillery helped force the surrender of two important Confederate towns, including Mobile, Alabama
1886 Fred Archer (jockey) an English flat race jockey of the Victorian era, described as "the best all-round jockey that the turf has ever seen".