Born on November 9

1389 Isabella of Valois Queen consort of England as the second spouse of King Richard Her parents were King Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria.
1414 Albrecht III Achilles Elector of Brandenburg a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg. He received the nickname Achilles because of his knightly qualities. He also ruled the Principality of Ansbach
1467 Charles II Duke of Guelders Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutphen between 1492 and his death. He was the son of Adolf of Egmond and Catharine of Bourbon. He was a major protagonist in the Frisian peasant rebellion and the Guelderian Wars
1522 Martin Chemnitz an eminent second-generation Lutheran theologian, reformer, churchman, and confessor. In the Lutheran tradition he is known as Alter Martinus, the "Second Martin": Si Martinus non fuisset, Martinus vix stetisset goes a common saying concerning him. He is commemorated as a pastor and confessor in the Lutheran Service Book of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod on November 9
1535 Nanda Bayin king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1581 to 1599. He presided over the collapse of Toungoo Empire, the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia
1601 Frederick William Duke of Cieszyn a Duke of Cieszyn since 1617 until his death.
1606 Hermann Conring a German intellectual. He made significant contributions to the study of medicine, politics and law
1664 Henry Wharton an English writer and librarian.
1664 Johann Speth a German organist and composer. He was born in Speinshart, some 150 km from Nuremberg, but spent most of his life in Augsburg, where he worked as cathedral organist for two years. His only surviving music is a 1693 collection, Ars Magna Consoni et Dissoni, which includes toccatas, Magnificat versets and variations in south German style
1666 Carl Gustaf Armfeldt a Swedish officer, general and friherre who took part in the Great Northern War.
1697 Claudio Casciolini an Italian composer. His compositions include a three-part Missa pro defunctis, eight-part Zacchee festinans descende and a Missa brevissima. From April 1726 until his death he sang bass at the church of San Lorenzo in Damaso where he may also have been maestro di cappella
1697 August Aleksander Czartoryski a Polish-Lithuanian noble , magnate, and founder of the family fortune.
1717 Frederick II Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1756 until his death.
1719 Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani an 18th-century Italian law professor, priest, chess player, composer and theoretician. He is best known today for his chess writing
1721 Mark Akenside an English poet and physician.
1723 Anna Amalia Abbess of Quedlinburg Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg. She was one of ten surviving children of King Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
1730 Charles de Wailly a French architect and urbanist, and furniture designer, one of the principals in the Neoclassical revival of the Antique. His major work was the Théâtre de l'Odéon for the Comédie-Française. In his designs, de Wailly showed a predilection for the perfect figure, the circle
1731 Benjamin Banneker a free African American scientist, surveyor, almanac author and farmer. Born in Baltimore County, Maryland, to a free African American woman and a former slave, Banneker had little formal education and was largely self-taught. He is known for being part of a group led by Major Andrew Ellicott that surveyed the borders of the original District of Columbia, the federal capital district of the United States
1732 Jeanne Julie Éléonore de Lespinasse owned a prominent salon in France.
1741 Alessandro Verri an Italian author.
1744 Ferdinand von Hompesch zu Bolheim the 71st Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller, formally the Order of John of Jerusalem, by then better known as the Knights of Malta, being the first German to be elected to the office. It was under his rule that the Order lost their island home to France, after ruling there since 1530. This effectively marked the end of their sovereignty over an independent state, dating from the time of the Crusades
1781 Claude-Philibert Barthelot comte de Rambuteau a French senior official of the first half of the 19th century. He was Préfet of the former Départment of the Seine, which included Paris, from 1833 to 1848. He established the groundwork for the fundamental transformation of Paris that Haussmann carried out under the Second Empire
1787 Johann Natterer an Austrian naturalist and explorer.
1799 Gustav Prince of Vasa the son of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden and Queen Frederica. His Austrian title from 1829 was actually spelled Wasa
1801 Gail Borden most known as the developer of condensed milk in 1853. Borden co-plotted the cities of Houston and Galveston in 1836. Having returned to the New York area to market another product, he set up factories for condensed milk in Connecticut, and later in New York and Illinois. Demand was high for his product by the Union Army during the American Civil War. His New York Condensed Milk Company changed its name to Borden after his death
1802 Elijah Parish Lovejoy an American Presbyterian minister, journalist, newspaper editor and abolitionist. He was murdered by a pro-slavery mob in Alton, Illinois, during their attack on his warehouse to destroy his press and abolitionist materials
1810 Friedrich Bidder a Baltic German physiologist and anatomist from what was then the Governorate of Livonia in the Russian Empire.
1810 Bernhard von Langenbeck a German surgeon known as the developer of Langenbeck's amputation and founder of Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery.
1812 Charles Duclerc a French journalist and politician of the Third Republic. He was a member of the editorial board of the National newspaper. Duclerc served as Minister of Finance from May through June in the Provisional government of France. Later served as prime minister from 1882 to 1883 in the third Republic
1812 Paul Abadie a French architect and building restorer. He is considered a central representative of French historicism. He was the son of architect Paul Abadie Sr
1817 Edward Canby a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War, Reconstruction era, and the Indian Wars. He was assassinated at a peace talk with the Modoc in Northern California. He was the only United States general to be killed during the later wars
1818 Ivan Turgenev a Russian novelist, short story writer, and playwright. His first major publication, a short story collection entitled A Sportsman's Sketches , was a milestone of Russian Realism, and his novel Fathers and Sons is regarded as one of the major works of 19th-century fiction
1819 Annibale de Gasparis an Italian astronomer. From 1864 to 1889 he was the director of the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte in Naples
1825 A. P. Hill a career U.S. Army officer in the Mexican–American War and Seminole Wars and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. He gained early fame as the commander of the "Light Division" in the Seven Days Battles and became one of Stonewall Jackson's ablest subordinates, distinguishing himself in the 1862 battles of Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg
1828 Dragan Tsankov a Bulgarian politician and the first Liberal Party Prime Minister of the country.
1829 Peter Lumsden a British military officer who served in India. Born in Belhelvie, Aberdeenshire, he was the fourth son of Colonel Thomas Lumsden He studied at Addiscombe Military Seminary, before officially joining military service as an ensign in the 60th Bengal Native Infantry in 1847. From 1852 to 1857 he served on the North-West Frontier, where, among other activities, he participated in the suppression of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the capture of Tantya Tope in 1859
1830 Ernst Leopold 4th Prince of Leiningen a German nobleman.
1831 Henry Labouchère an English politician, writer, publisher and theatre owner in the Victorian and Edwardian eras. He lived with the actress Henrietta Hodson from 1868, and they married in 1887
1832 Émile Gaboriau a French writer, novelist, and journalist, and a pioneer of detective fiction.
1833 Joaquín Riascos a Colombian General and politician who became acting President in rebellion of the United States of Colombia in 1867 for 45 days.
1834 Kondō Isami a Japanese swordsman and official of the late Edo Period, famed for his role as commander of the Shinsengumi.
1835 Davorin Jenko a Slovene and Serbian composer. He is sometimes considered the father of Slovenian national Romantic music. Among other songs, he composed the melody for the Serbian national anthem Bože pravde , the former Slovenian national anthem Naprej, zastava Slave , and the popular Serbian and Montenegrin anthem Onamo, 'namo!
1840 Prince Robert Duke of Chartres the son of Prince Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans and thus grandson of King Louis-Philippe of France. He fought for the Union in the American Civil War, and then for France in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War. In 1863 he married his cousin Princess Françoise of Orléans in Kingston upon Thames - she was the daughter of François, Prince of Joinville. In 1886 he was exiled from France
1840 Kuroda Kiyotaka a Japanese politician of the Meiji era. He was the second Prime Minister of Japan from April 30, 1888 to October 25, 1889
1840 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau a French-Canadian lawyer and politician.
1841 Edward VII King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death.
1845 Józef Kościelski a Polish poet, politician and parliamentarian, co-founder of the Straż society.
1853 Stanford White an American architect and partner in the architectural firm of McKim, Mead & White, the frontrunner among Beaux-Arts firms. He designed a long series of houses for the rich, and numerous public, institutional, and religious buildings. His design principles embodied the "American Renaissance"
1854 Maud Howe Elliott an American writer, most notable for her Pulitzer prize-winning collaboration with her sister, Laura Richards, on their mother's biography The Life of Julia Ward Howe. Her other works included A Newport Aquarelle ; Phillida ; Mammon, later published as Honor: A Novel ; Roma Beata, Letters from the Eternal City ; The Eleventh Hour in the Life of Julia Ward Howe ; Three Generations ; John Elliott, The Story of an Artist ; My Cousin, Marion Crawford ; and This Was My Newport
1855 Alexandros Zaimis a Greek Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior, Minister of Justice, and High Commissioner of Crete. He served as Prime Minister six times