Died on November 9

959 Constantine VII the fourth Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty of the Byzantine Empire, reigning from 913 to 959. He was the son of the emperor Leo VI and his fourth wife, Zoe Karbonopsina, and the nephew of his predecessor, the emperor Alexander
1187 Emperor Gaozong of Song the tenth emperor of the Song dynasty of China. He reigned from 1127 to 1162. Gaozong fled south after the Jurchens overran Kaifeng during the Jingkang Incident of the Jin–Song wars and became the first emperor of what is now known as the Southern Song dynasty after he reëstablished his seat of government at Lin'an
1208 Sancha of Castile Queen of Aragon the only surviving child of King Alfonso VII of Castile by his second wife, Richeza of Poland. On January 18, 1174, she married King Alfonso II of Aragon at Zaragoza; they had at least eight children who survived into adulthood
1261 Sanchia of Provence the third daughter of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy. Sanchia was described as "of incomparable beauty"
1301 Bolko I the Strict a Duke of Lwówek during 1278–81 and Jawor since 1278 , sole Duke of Lwówek since 1286, Duke of Świdnica-Ziębice since 1291.
1312 Otto III Duke of Bavaria Duke of Lower Bavaria from 1290 to 1312 and disputably King of Hungary and Croatia between 1305 and 1307 as Béla V.
1317 Manfred Duke of Athens the second son of Frederick III of Sicily and Eleanor of Anjou.
1328 Charles Duke of Calabria the son of King Robert of Naples and Yolanda of Aragon.
1456 Ulrich II Count of Celje the last Princely Count of Celje.
1504 Frederick of Naples the last King of Naples of the Neapolitan branch of the House of Trastámara, ruling from 1496 to 1501. He was the second son of Ferdinand I, younger brother of Alfonso II, and uncle of Ferdinand II, his predecessor
1572 Hrehory Chodkiewicz a nobleman and military officer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. He was a son of Aleksander, brother of Hieronim and Yurii, and uncle of Jan Hieronimowicz Chodkiewicz. He commanded the Lithuanian army during the later part of the Livonian War after he had become the Great Lithuanian Hetman in 1566
1596 George Peele most noted for his supposed but not universally accepted collaboration with William Shakespeare on the play Titus Andronicus.
1620 Louise de Coligny the daughter of Gaspard II de Coligny and Charlotte de Laval and the fourth and last spouse of William the Silent.
1623 William Camden an English antiquarian, historian, topographer, and officer of arms. He wrote the first chorographical survey of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland and the first detailed historical account of the reign of Elizabeth I of England
1638 Johann Heinrich Alsted a German Calvinist minister and academic, known for his varied interests: in Ramism and Lullism, pedagogy and encyclopedias, theology and millenarianism.
1641 Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church, Infante of Spain, Infante of Portugal , Archduke of Austria, Archbishop of Toledo , and military commander during the Thirty Years' War.
1655 Hansken a female elephant that became famous in early 17th-century Europe. She toured many countries, demonstrating circus tricks, and was sketched by Rembrandt and Stefano della Bella
1677 Aert van der Neer a landscape painter of the Dutch Golden Age, specializing in small night scenes lit only by moonlight and fires, and snowy winter landscapes, both often looking down a canal or river. He was a contemporary of Albert Cuyp and Meindert Hobbema, and like the latter he lived and died in comparative obscurity
1677 Gilbert Sheldon an English Archbishop of Canterbury.
1686 Leon Bazyli Sapieha a Polish-Lithuanian politician. He was the treasurer of the Lithuanian court and Lithuanian army general and member of the noble Sapieha family. He was the son of Paweł Jan Sapieha and brother to Jan Kazimierz Sapieha the Younger, amongst many other siblings
1699 Hortense Mancini the favourite niece of Cardinal Mazarin, chief minister of France, and a mistress of Charles II, King of England, Scotland and Ireland. She was the fourth of the five famous Mancini sisters, who along with two of their female Martinozzi cousins, were known at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes
1766 Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer a Dutch nobleman who was a diplomat, composer, and administrator. He reorganized the Bailiwick of Utrecht of the Teutonic Order. His most important surviving compositions are the Concerti Armonici, which until 1980 had been misattributed to the Italian composer Giovanni Battista Pergolesi and to Carlo Ricciotti
1770 John Campbell 4th Duke of Argyll a Scottish Whig politician in the 17th and 18th centuries.
1778 Giovanni Battista Piranesi an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric "prisons".
1794 Gregory Skovoroda a Ukrainian and Russian philosopher, poet, teacher and composer. Skovoroda was of a Cossack background in current day Ukraine, who lived in the Russian Empire and made important contributions to Russian philosophy and culture. He lived and worked in Sloboda Ukraine, which is today partly in modern Ukraine and partly in Russia. Skovoroda was so important for Russian culture and development of Russian philosophical thought, that he has been referred to as the "Russian Socrates."
1799 Landgravine Juliane of Hesse-Philippsthal a countess of Schaumburg-Lippe, married in 1780 to Count Philip II, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe. She served as the regent of Schaumburg-Lippe during the minority of her son from 1787 to 1799
1800 Domingos Caldas Barbosa a Colonial Brazilian Neoclassic poet and musician, famous for creating the modinha. He wrote under the pen name Lereno
1801 Carl Stamitz a German composer of partial Czech ancestry. He was the most prominent representative of the second generation of the Mannheim School
1802 Thomas Girtin an English painter and etcher. A friend and rival of M. Turner, Girtin played a key role in establishing watercolour as a reputable art form
1803 Georges-Louis Le Sage most known for his theory of gravitation, for his invention of an electric telegraph and his anticipation of the kinetic theory of gases. Furthermore he was a contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers
1809 Paul Sandby an English map-maker turned landscape painter in watercolours, who, along with his older brother Thomas, became one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768.
1815 Giuseppe Bossi an Italian painter, arts administrator and writer on art. He ranks among the foremost figures of Neoclassical culture in Lombardy, along with Ugo Foscolo, Giuseppe Parini, Andrea Appiani or Manzoni
1815 Samuel Alken an English artist.
1823 Vasily Kapnist a Russian and Ukrainian poet and playwright who wrote in somewhat rough Russian.
1829 Carl Gustaf af Leopold a Swedish poet.
1830 Jan Śniadecki a Polish mathematician, philosopher and astronomer at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries.
1841 Jean Victoire Audouin a French naturalist, an entomologist, herpetologist, ornithologist, and malacologist.
1848 Robert Blum a German democratic politician, publicist, poet, publisher, revolutionist and member of the National Assembly of 1848. In his fight for a strong, unified Germany he opposed ethnocentrism and it was his strong belief that no one people should rule over another. As such he was an opponent of the Prussian occupation of Poland and was in contact with the revolutionists there. Blum was a critic of antisemitism, supported the German Catholics and agitated for the equality of the sexes. In spite of his diplomatic immunity as a member of parliament he was illegally arrested during a stay at the hotel "Stadt London" in Vienna and murdered in a summary execution, making him a martyr of the German revolution
1850 Joseph Droz a French writer on ethics, political science and political economy.
1856 Étienne Cabet a French philosopher and utopian socialist. He was the founder of the Icarian movement His goal was to replace capitalist production with workers cooperatives. He became the most popular socialist advocate of his day, with a special appeal to artisans were being undercut by factories. Cabet led groups of emigrants to found utopian communities in Texas and Illinois. However his work was undercut by his many feuds with his own followers
1856 John M. Clayton an American lawyer and politician from Delaware. He was a member of the Whig Party who served in the Delaware General Assembly, and as U.S. Senator from Delaware and U.S. Secretary of State
1872 Alexandru Hâjdeu a writer of Romanian origin, who lived in Bessarabia. He was the father of Romanian writer and philologist Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu
1875 Karl Nikolas Fraas born at Rattelsdorf, near Bamberg. After receiving his preliminary education at the gymnasium of Bamberg, he in 1830 entered the University of Münich, where he took his doctor's degree in 1834. Having devoted great attention to the study of botany, he went to Athens in 1835 as inspector of the court garden; and in April 1836 he became professor of botany at the university. In 1842 he returned to Germany and became teacher at the central agricultural school at Schleißheim. In 1847 he was appointed professor of agriculture at Munich, and in 1851 director of the central veterinary college. For many years he was secretary of the Agricultural Society of Bavaria, but resigned in 1861. He died at his estate of Neufreimann, near Munich
1876 Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl a German scholar best known as a student of Plautus.
1880 Edwin Drake an American oil driller, popularly credited with being the first to drill for oil in the United States.
1882 Ottomar Gern a Russian fortification engineer. Gern was born to a Polish noble family of German origin in Vitebsk Governorate, Russia. He studied war engineering at school and later became a lecturer in the field of construction of fortifications
1888 Mary Jane Kelly widely believed to be the fifth and final victim of the notorious unidentified serial killer Jack the Ripper, who killed and mutilated prostitutes in the Whitechapel area of London from late August to early November 1888. She was about 25 years old, and living in poverty at the time of her death. Reports of the time estimated her height at 5 feet and 7 inches. Her hair colour is somewhat uncertain as her various nicknames imply
1893 Hermann August Hagen a German entomologist who specialised in Neuroptera and Odonata. In 1845 he began to collaborate with Edmond de Sélys Longchamps
1896 Napoleon Sarony an American lithographer and photographer. He was a highly popular and great portrait photographer, most known for his portraits of the stars of late-19th-century American theater. His son, Otto Sarony, was also an accomplished photographer
1896 Hugo Gyldén a Finland-Swedish astronomer primarily known for work in celestial mechanics.