November 9 events in history

694 At the Seventeenth Council of Toledo, Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims, sentencing all Jews to slavery
1282 Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon
1313 Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gammelsdorf
1330 At the Battle of Posada, Basarab I of Wallachia defeats the Hungarian army of Charles I Robert
1456 Ulrich II, Count of Celje , last ruler of the County of Cilli, is assassinated in Belgrade
1494 The Family de' Medici are expelled from Florence
1520 More than 50 people are sentenced and executed in the Stockholm Bloodbath
1620 Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts
1688 Glorious Revolution: William of Orange captures Exeter
1697 Pope Innocent XII founds the city of Cervia
1720 The synagogue of Judah HeHasid is burned down by Arab creditors, leading to the expulsion of the Ashkenazim from Jerusalem
1729 Spain, France and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Seville
1764 Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet
1780 American Revolutionary War: In the Battle of Fishdam Ford a force of British and Loyalist troops fail in a surprise attack against the South Carolina Patriot militia under Brigadier General Thomas Sumter
1791 Foundation of the Dublin Society of United Irishmen
1793 William Carey reaches the Hooghly River
1799 Napoleon Bonaparte leads the Coup of 18 Brumaire ending the Directory government, and becoming one of its three Consuls (Consulate Government)
1822 The Action of 9 November 1822 between USS Alligator and a squadron of pirate schooners off the coast of Cuba
1848 Robert Blum, a German revolutionary, is executed in Vienna
1851 Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape
1857 The Atlantic is founded in Boston, Massachusetts
1861 The first documented football match in Canada is played at University College, Toronto
1862 American Civil War: Union General Ambrose Burnside assumes command of the Army of the Potomac, after George B. McClellan is removed
1867 Tokugawa shogunate hands power back to the Emperor of Japan, starting the Meiji Restoration
1872 The Great Boston Fire of 1872
1880 A large earthquake strikes Zagreb and causes many casualties. One of them is the Zagreb Cathedral
1883 The Royal Winnipeg Rifles of the Canadian Armed Forces (known then as the "90th Winnipeg Battalion of Rifles") is founded
1887 The United States receives rights to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
1888 Mary Jane Kelly is murdered in London, widely believed to be the fifth and final victim of the notorious unidentified serial killer Jack the Ripper
1906 Theodore Roosevelt is the first sitting President of the United States to make an official trip outside the country. He did so to inspect progress on the Panama Canal
1907 The Cullinan Diamond is presented to King Edward VII on his birthday
1913 The Great Lakes Storm of 1913, the most destructive natural disaster ever to hit the lakes, destroys 19 ships and kills more than 250 people
1914 SMS Emden is sunk by HMAS Sydney in the Battle of Cocos
1917 Joseph Stalin enters the provisional government of Bolshevik Russia
1918 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates after the German Revolution, and Germany is proclaimed a Republic
1921 The Italian National Fascist Party comes into existence
1923 In Munich, Germany, police and government troops crush the Beer Hall Putsch in Bavaria. The failed coup is the work of the Nazis
1935 The Congress of Industrial Organizations is founded in Atlantic City, New Jersey, by eight trade unions belonging to the American Federation of Labor
1937 Japanese troops take control of Shanghai, China
1938 The Nazi German diplomat Ernst vom Rath dies from the fatal gunshot wounds of Jewish resistance fighter Herschel Grynszpan, an act which the Nazis used as an excuse to instigate the 1938 national pogrom, also known as Kristallnacht (Crystal Night)
1940 Warsaw is awarded the Virtuti Militari
1953 Cambodia gains independence from France
1960 Robert McNamara is named president of Ford Motor Co., the first non-Ford to serve in that post. A month later, he resigned to join the administration of newly elected John F. Kennedy
1963 At Miike coal mine, Miike, Japan, an explosion kills 458, and hospitalises 839 with carbon monoxide poisoning
1965 Several U.S. states and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13 hours in the Northeast blackout of 1965
1965 The Catholic Worker Movement member Roger Allen LaPorte, protesting against the Vietnam War, sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building
1967 Apollo program: NASA launches the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft atop the first Saturn V rocket from Cape Kennedy, Florida
1967 The first issue of Rolling Stone magazine is published
1970 Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6 to 3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war
1979 Nuclear false alarm: the NORAD computers and the Alternate National Military Command Center in Fort Ritchie, Maryland detected purported massive Soviet nuclear strike. After reviewing the raw data from satellites and checking the early-warning radars, the alert is cancelled