November 1678 in history

Born in November 1678

Nov 26 Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan a French geophysicist, astronomer and most notably, chronobiologist, was born in the town of Béziers on 26 November 1678. De Mairan lost his father, François d'Ortous, at age four and his mother twelve years later at age sixteen. Over the course of his life, de Mairan was elected into numerous scientific societies and made key discoveries in a variety of fields including ancient texts and astronomy. His observations and experiments also inspired the beginning of what is now known as the study of biological circadian rhythms. At the age of 92, de Mairan died of pneumonia in Paris on 20 February 1771
Nov 26 Karl Leopold Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1713 to 1747.

Died in November 1678

Nov 1 William Coddington an early magistrate of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and later of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. He served as the Judge of Portsmouth, Judge of Newport, Governor of Portsmouth and Newport, Deputy Governor of the entire colony, and then Governor of the colony. Born and raised in Lincolnshire, England, he accompanied the Winthrop Fleet in its voyage to New England in 1630, becoming an early leader in Boston. Here he built the first brick house, and became heavily involved in the local government as an assistant , treasurer, and deputy
Nov 5 Giovan Battista Nani a Venetian ambassador, librarian, archivist, amateur botanist and historian, born into a patrician family.
Nov 18 Giovanni Maria Bononcini an Italian violinist and composer, the father of a musical dynasty.
Nov 20 Karel Dujardin a Dutch Golden Age painter. Although he did a few portraits and a few history paintings of religious subjects, most of his work is small Italianate landscape scenes with animals and peasants, and other genre scenes. Dujardin spent two extended periods, at the beginning and end of his career, in Italy, and most of his paintings and landscape etchings have an Italian or Italianate setting
Nov 29 George Ducas three times Prince of Moldavia and one time Prince of Wallachia.