November 1888 in history

November 1888 events chronologically

Nov 9 Mary Jane Kelly is murdered in London, widely believed to be the fifth and final victim of the notorious unidentified serial killer Jack the Ripper

Top 7 most famous people born in November 1888

Nov 7 C. V. Raman an Indian physicist, born in the former Madras Province, whose ground breaking work in the field of light scattering earned him the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physics. He discovered that, when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect. In 1954, he was honoured with the highest civilian award in India, the Bharat Ratna
Nov 9 Jean Monnet a French political economist and diplomat. He is regarded by many as a chief architect of European unity and one of the founding fathers of the European Union. Never elected to public office, Monnet worked behind the scenes of American and European governments as a well-connected pragmatic internationalist. He was named patron of the 1980-1981 academic year at the College of Europe, in honour of his accomplishments
Nov 10 Andrei Tupolev a pioneering Soviet aircraft designer.
Nov 11 Abul Kalam Azad an Indian scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement. Following India's independence, he became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government. In 1992 he was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna. There is also a theory which suggests that earlier when he was offered Bharat Ratna he promptly declined it saying that it should not be given to those who have been on the selection committee. Later he was awarded posthumously in 1992. He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad; the word Maulana is an honorific meaning 'learned man', and he had adopted Azad as his pen name. His contribution to establishing the education foundation in India is recognised by celebrating his birthday as "National Education Day" across India
Nov 19 José Raúl Capablanca a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927. One of the greatest players of all time, he was renowned for his exceptional endgame skill and speed of play. Due to his achievements in the chess world, mastery over the board and his relatively simple style of play he was nicknamed the "Human Chess Machine"
Nov 23 Harpo Marx an American comedian, film star, mime artist and musician, and the second-oldest of the Marx Brothers. His comic style was influenced by clown and pantomime traditions. He wore a curly reddish blonde wig, and never spoke during performances. He frequently used props such as a horn cane, made up of a lead pipe, tape, and a bulbhorn, and he played the harp in most of his films
Nov 24 Dale Carnegie an American writer and lecturer and the developer of famous courses in self-improvement, salesmanship, corporate training, public speaking, and interpersonal skills. Born into poverty on a farm in Missouri, he was the author of How to Win Friends and Influence People , a massive bestseller that remains popular today. He also wrote How to Stop Worrying and Start Living , Lincoln the Unknown , and several other books

Top 7 most famous people died in November 1888

Nov 1 Nikolay Przhevalsky a Russian geographer and a renowned explorer of Central and East Asia. Although he never reached his ultimate goal, the holy city of Lhasa in Tibet, he traveled through regions then unknown to the West, such as northern Tibet , Amdo and Dzungaria. He contributed significantly to European knowledge of Central Asia and was the first known European to describe the only extant species of wild horse, which is named after him: Przewalski's horse
Nov 9 Mary Jane Kelly widely believed to be the fifth and final victim of the notorious unidentified serial killer Jack the Ripper, who killed and mutilated prostitutes in the Whitechapel area of London from late August to early November 1888. She was about 25 years old, and living in poverty at the time of her death. Reports of the time estimated her height at 5 feet and 7 inches. Her hair colour is somewhat uncertain as her various nicknames imply
Nov 10 George Bingham 3rd Earl of Lucan a British Army officer. He was hated by the Irish because of his intolerant behaviour as a land owner during the Great Famine in the late 1840s. He was responsible for giving the fateful order during the Battle of Balaclava in October 1854 which led to the Light division commander, the Earl of Cardigan, leading the fateful Charge of the Light Brigade. He also made an important contribution in Parliament when he came up with a solution which allowed Jews to sit there. He was subsequently promoted to field marshal despite the debacle at Balaclava
Nov 15 Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria a member of a junior branch of the House of Wittelsbach and a promoter of Bavarian folk-music. He is most famous today as the father of Empress Elisabeth of Austria
Nov 17 Dora d'Istria a Romanian Romantic writer and feminist of Albanian descent.
Nov 25 Josef Jireček a Czech scholar.
Nov 27 Wilhelm Hertenstein a Swiss politician.