Died on October 1

331 Orontes II the son of Orontes After Codomannus ascended the throne of Persia as Darius III in 336 BC Orontes was given the Satrapy of Armenia to rule.
686 Emperor Tenmu the 40th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
804 Richbod the Abbot of Lorsch from 784 and Abbot of Mettlach and Archbishop of Trier from around 792. He held the two abbacies and the bishopric concurrently until his death. He was the first archbishop of Trier
959 Eadwig King of England from 955 until his death four years later. The eldest son of King Edmund and Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury, Eadwig was chosen by the nobility to succeed his uncle Eadred as King. His short reign was marked by ongoing conflicts with his family, thegns, and especially the Church, under the leadership of Saint Dunstan and Archbishop Odo
1040 Alan III Duke of Brittany Count of Rennes and duke of Brittany, by right of succession from 1008 to his death.
1126 Morphia of Melitene the wife of Baldwin II, king of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1187 Yaroslav Osmomysl the most famous Prince of Halych from the first dynasty of its rulers, which descended from Yaroslav I's eldest son. His sobriquet, meaning "Eight-Minded" in Old East Slavic, was granted to him in recognition of his wisdom. Some scholars even assert that Yaroslav was fluent in eight foreign languages
1200 Frederick I Burgrave of Nuremberg the first Burgrave of Nuremberg from the House of Hohenzollern. He was the younger son of Count Friedrich II of Zollern, and became Count of Zollern as Friedrich III after the death of his other male relatives
1310 Beatrice of Burgundy Lady of Bourbon Lady of Bourbon and, through her mother, heiress of all Bourbon estates. She was the daughter of John of Burgundy and Agnes of Dampierre. In 1272 Beatrice married Robert, Count of Clermont and their eldest son Louis I, le Boiteux became the first Duke of Bourbon. It is through her that her distant male descendants of the French House of Bourbon get their name
1391 William I Marquis of Namur Count of Namur from 1337 until his death.
1404 Pope Boniface IX Pope from 2 November 1389 to his death in 1404. He was the second Roman Pope of the Western Schism. During this time the Antipopes Clement VII and Benedict XIII continued to hold court as pope in Avignon under the protection of the French monarchy
1416 Yaqub Spata a the last Lord of Arta, ruling from 1414/15 until 1416, with a brief interval when he was evicted by the local population. His rule ended after his capture and execution by Carlo I Tocco, who proceeded to incorporate Arta to his domains
1450 Leonello d'Este Marquis of Ferrara marquis of Ferrara and Duke of Modena and Reggio Emilia from 1441 to 1450.
1474 Juan Pacheco a Castilian noble who rose to power in the last years of the reign of Juan II of Castile and came to dominate the government of Castile during the reign of his son and successor Henry IV of Castile.
1499 Marsilio Ficino an Italian scholar and Catholic priest who was one of the most influential humanist philosophers of the early Italian Renaissance. He was also an astrologer and a reviver of Neoplatonism who was in touch with every major academic thinker and writer of his day, and became the first translator of Plato's complete extant works into Latin. His Florentine Academy, an attempt to revive Plato's school, had enormous influence on the direction and tenor of the Italian Renaissance and the development of European philosophy
1500 John Alcock (bishop) an English churchman.
1522 Matthäus Schiner a bishop of Sion, Cardinal, and diplomat. He was a military commander in several battles in northern Italy
1532 Jan Gossaert also known as Jan Mabuse or Jennyn van Hennegouwe , as he called himself when he matriculated in the guild of St Luke, at Antwerp, in 1503.
1567 Pietro Carnesecchi an Italian humanist.
1570 Frans Floris a Flemish painter, principally of history paintings. He was a leading figure in the movement in Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting referred to as Romanism. The Romanists had typically travelled to Italy where they had studied the works of leading Italian High Renaissance painters such as Michelangelo, Raphael and their followers. Their art assimilated these Italian influences into the Northern painting tradition
1574 Maarten van Heemskerck a Dutch portrait and religious painter, who spent most of his career in Haarlem. He was a pupil of Jan van Scorel, and adopted his teacher's Italian-influenced style. He spent the years 1532–6 in Italy. He produced many designs for engravers, and is especially known for his depictions of the Wonders of the World
1578 John of Austria
1580 John II Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev the only Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev. The predicate the Elder is sometimes used to distinguish him from his nephew John the Younger, who held Sønderborg from 1564 as a partitioned-off duke. As a co-ruler in the duchies of Holstein and of Schleswig John the Elder is numbered Duke John II, continuing counting John of Denmark as Duke John I of Holstein and of Schleswig
1602 Hernando de Cabezón a Spanish composer and organist, son of Antonio de Cabezón. Only a few of his works are extant today, and he is chiefly remembered for publishing the bulk of his father's work
1609 Giammateo Asola an Italian composer of the late Renaissance. He was a prolific composer of sacred music, mostly in a conservative style, although he may have been one of the first composers to write a part for basso continuo
1625 César Oudin a French Hispanist, translator, paremiologist, grammarian and lexicographer.
1633 Patriarch Philaret of Moscow a Russian boyar who after temporary disgrace rose to become patriarch of Moscow as Filaret , and became de facto ruler of Russia during the reign of his son, Mikhail Feodorovich.
1640 Claudio Achillini an Italian philosopher, theologian, mathematician, poet, and jurist.
1643 Solomon Stoddard the pastor of the Congregationalist Church in Northampton, He succeeded the Rev. Eleazer Mather, marrying his widow around 1670. Stoddard significantly liberalized church policy while promoting more power for the clergy, decrying drinking and extravagance, and urging the preaching of hellfire and the Judgment. The major religious leader of what was then the frontier, he was concerned with the lives of second-generation Puritans. The well-known theologian Jonathan Edwards was his grandson, because Solomon's daughter Esther Stoddard was Jonathan's mother
1684 Pierre Corneille a French tragedian, and one of the three great seventeenth-century French dramatists, along with Molière and Racine.
1693 Pedro Abarca a Jesuit theologian.
1708 John Blow an English Baroque composer and organist, appointed to Westminster Abbey in 1669. His pupils included William Croft, Jeremiah Clarke and Henry Purcell. In 1685 he was named a private musician to James His only stage composition, Venus and Adonis , was thought to influence Henry Purcell's later opera Dido and Aeneas. In 1687 he became choirmaster at St Paul's Cathedral, where many of his pieces were performed. In 1699 he was appointed to the newly created post of Composer to the Chapel Royal
1755 Louis Auguste Prince of Dombes a grandson of Louis XIV of France and of his maîtresse-en-titre Françoise-Athénaïs de Montespan. He was a member of the legitimised House of Bourbon-Maine
1768 Robert Simson a Scottish mathematician and professor of mathematics at the University of Glasgow. The pedal line of a triangle is sometimes called the "Simson line" after him
1770 Louis-Gabriel Guillemain a French composer and violinist.
1778 Washington Shirley 5th Earl Ferrers a British Royal Navy officer, peer, freemason and amateur astronomer.
1779 Jeremiah Dixon best known for his work with Charles Mason, from 1763 to 1767, in determining what was later called the Mason-Dixon line.
1807 Peter Muhlenberg an American clergyman, Continental Army soldier during the American Revolutionary War, and political figure in the newly independent United States. A Lutheran minister, he served in the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate from Pennsylvania
1808 Thomas Thorild a Swedish poet, critic, feminist and philosopher.
1808 Carl Gotthard Langhans a Prussian builder and architect. His works are among the earliest buildings in the German classicism movement. His best-known work is the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin
1814 Guillaume-Antoine Olivier a French entomologist.
1833 Luísa Todi a popular and successful Portuguese mezzo-soprano opera singer.
1834 Gamzat-bek the second imam of the Caucasian Imamate, who succeeded Ghazi Mollah upon his death in 1832.
1837 Ayub Shah Durrani a son of Timur Shah, ruled Afghanistan from 1819 to 1823. The loss of Kashmir during his reign opened a new chapter in Indian history. In 1823, he was deposed and imprisoned by the Barakzai, marking the end of the Durrani dynasty. He fled to Punjab after buying his freedom and died there in 1837
1837 Robert Clark (U.S. politician) a United States Representative from New York.
1838 Charles Tennant a Scottish chemist and industrialist. He discovered bleaching powder and founded an industrial dynasty
1842 Heinrich Emanuel Grabowski a German botanist and pharmacist of Polish heritage. He was a native of Leobschütz
1854 Martín Perfecto de Cos a 19th-century Mexican general. He was married to Lucinda López de Santa Anna, sister of Antonio López de Santa Anna
1856 Christian Samuel Weiss a German mineralogist born in Leipzig.
1863 Ebenezer Emmons a pioneering American geologist whose work includes the naming of the Adirondack Mountains in New York as well as a first ascent of Mount Marcy.