October 1 events in history

959 Edgar the Peaceful becomes king of all England
1553 Coronation of Queen Mary I of England
1787 Russians under Alexander Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn
1791 First session of the French Legislative Assembly
1795 Belgium is conquered by France
1800 Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso
1811 The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orleans
1814 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring
1827 Russo-Persian War: The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia
1829 South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; it will later separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools
1832 Texian political delegates convened at San Felipe de Austin to petition for changes in the governance of Mexican Texas
1843 The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London
1847 German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske
1854 The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American system of watch manufacturing
1880 John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Band
1880 First electric lamp factory is opened by Thomas Edison
1887 Balochistan is conquered by the British Empire
1890 Yosemite National Park is established by the U.S. Congress
1891 In California, Stanford University opens its doors
1898 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie
1903 Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series
1905 František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905
1908 Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825
1910 Los Angeles Times bombing: A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building in downtown Los Angeles, killing 21
1918 World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia", capture Damascus
1920 Sir Percy Cox lands in Basra to assume his responsibilities as High Commissioner in Iraq
1928 The Soviet Union introduces its First five-year plan
1931 The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens
1931 Spain adopted women's suffrage
1936 Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain
1937 The Japanese city Handa is founded in Aichi Prefecture
1938 Germany annexes the Sudetenland
1939 After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile Nazi forces enter the city
1940 The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic
1942 USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru not knowing she is carrying British PoWs from Hong Kong
1942 First flight of the Bell XP-59 "Aircomet"
1943 World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers
1946 Nazi leaders are sentenced at Nuremberg trials
1946 Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied occupied Korea
1946 Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom
1947 The North American F-86 Sabre flies for the first time
1949 The People's Republic of China is established and declared by Mao Zedong
1957 First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency
1958 NASA is created to replace NACA
1960 Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom
1961 The United States Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is formed, becoming the country's first centralized military espionage organization
1961 East and West Cameroon merge to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon
1962 First broadcast of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
1964 The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley
1964 Japanese Shinkansen ("bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka