Died on October 11

965 Bruno the Great Archbishop of Cologne, Germany, from 953 until his death, and Duke of Lotharingia from 954. He was the brother of Otto I, king of Germany and later Holy Roman Emperor
1159 William I Count of Boulogne Count of Boulogne and Earl of Surrey jure uxoris. He was the third son of King Stephen of England and Countess Matilda I of Boulogne
1188 Robert I Count of Dreux the fifth son of Louis VI of France and Adélaide de Maurienne. Through his mother he was related to the Carolingians and to the Marquess William V of Montferrat
1303 Pope Boniface VIII Pope from 24 December 1294 to his death in 1303.
1304 Konrad II the Hunchback Duke of Ścinawa from 1278 to 1284, patriarch of Aquileia in 1299, and Duke of Żagań from 1284 until his death.
1307 Catherine of Courtenay Titular Empress of Constantinople from 1283 to her death in 1307. In 1301, she became the second wife of Charles of Valois, by whom she had one son and three daughters; the eldest of these, Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea succeeded her as titular empress
1347 Louis IV Holy Roman Emperor King of Germany from 1314, King of Italy from 1327, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1328.
1493 Eleanor of Naples Duchess of Ferrara was, by marriage, the first Duchess of Ferrara.
1505 Jean II Lord of Monaco Lord of Monaco from March 1494 until his death. He was the eldest son of Lambert Grimaldi and Claudine Grimaldi
1531 Huldrych Zwingli a leader of the Reformation in Switzerland. Born during a time of emerging Swiss patriotism and increasing criticism of the Swiss mercenary system, he attended the University of Vienna and the University of Basel, a scholarly centre of Renaissance humanism. He continued his studies while he served as a pastor in Glarus and later in Einsiedeln, where he was influenced by the writings of Erasmus
1542 Thomas Wyatt (poet) a 16th-century English ambassador and lyrical poet. He is credited with introducing the sonnet into English literature. He was born at Allington Castle, near Maidstone in Kent, though his family was originally from Yorkshire. His mother was Anne Skinner and his father, Henry Wyatt, had been one of Henry VII's Privy Councillors, and remained a trusted adviser when Henry VIII came to the throne in 1509. In his turn, Thomas Wyatt followed his father to court after his education at St John's College, Cambridge. None of Wyatt's poems were published during his lifetime—the first book to feature his verse, Tottel's Miscellany of 1557, was printed a full fifteen years after his death
1550 Georg Pencz a German engraver, painter and printmaker.
1579 Sokollu Mehmed Pasha an Ottoman statesman. Born in Ottoman Bosnia into a Serbian Orthodox family, Mehmed was taken away at an early age as part of the Ottoman devşirme system of collection of Christian boys to be raised to serve as a janissary. These boys were forcefully converted into Islam, raised and educated, but in turn were offered great opportunities to excel and to rise within the Ottoman imperial system; Sokollu Mehmed Pasha is one of many that made the best of their careers
1598 Joachim Camerarius the Younger a German physician, botanist, zoologist and humanist scholar.
1616 Aleksander Józef Lisowski a Polish-Lithuanian noble , commander of a mercenary group that after his death adopted the name "Lisowczycy." His coat of arms was Jeż. Little is known about his childhood, except that his family moved to Grand Duchy of Lithuania sometime mid-16th century. First references of Aleksander Józef Lisowski put him in 1601 involved with the Moldavian Magnate Wars, first as a supporter of Mihai Viteazul , later as a supporter of kanclerz Jan Zamoyski
1621 Dirk Hartog a 17th-century Dutch sailor and explorer. Dirk Hartog's expedition was the second European group to land on Australian soil, He was the first to leave behind an artifact to record his visit, the Hartog plate. His name is sometimes alternatively spelled Dirck Hartog or Dierick Hartochsz. Ernest Giles referred to him as Theodoric Hertoge. Born into a seafaring family, at the age of 30 he received his first ship's command, and spent several years engaged in successful trading ventures in the Baltic and Mediterranean seas
1621 Andrzej Sapieha a Polish–Lithuanian nobleman of the Sapieha family, who served as the Great Royal Deputy Cup-bearer of Lithuania , castellan of Minsk, and Voivode of Polotsk and Smolensk.
1648 George I Rákóczi an important Hungarian nobleman who was Prince of Transylvania from 1630 until his death in 1648. During his influence Transylvania grew politically and economically stronger
1652 Léon Bouthillier comte de Chavigny a Foreign Minister of France to Louis XIII.
1665 César Duke of Vendôme the son of Henry IV of France and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées, and founder of the House of Bourbon-Vendome. He held the titles of 1st Duke of Vendôme, 2nd Duke of Beaufort and 2nd Duke of Étampes, but is also simply known as César de Vendôme. Through his daughter, Élisabeth de Bourbon, César was a great-great-great-grandfather of Louis XV of France, merging thereafter to the French royal line. César de Bourbon is also an ancestor of Juan Carlos I of Spain, of Albert II, King of the Belgians, of Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and of Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples, a pretender to the Italian throne
1667 Mattias de' Medici the third son of Grand Duke Cosimo II de' Medici of Tuscany and Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria. He was governor of Siena, with interruptions, from 1629. He never married
1670 Louis Le Vau a French Classical architect who worked for Louis XIV of France. He was born and died in Paris
1691 Israel Silvestre a prolific French draftsman, etcher and print dealer who specialized in topographical views and perspectives of famous buildings. Orphaned at an early age, he was taken in by his uncle in Paris, Israel Henriet, an etcher and print-seller, and friend of Jacques Callot. Between 1630 and 1650 Silvestre travelled widely in France, Spain and Italy, which he visited three times, and later worked up his sketches as etchings, which were sold singly and in series. His work, especially of Venetian subjects published in the 1660s, influenced eighteenth-century painters of vedute such as Luca Carlevaris and Canaletto, who adapted his compositions
1705 Guillaume Amontons a French scientific instrument inventor and physicist. He was one of the pioneers in tribology
1708 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus a German mathematician, physicist, physician, and philosopher. He is considered by some to have been the inventor of European porcelain, an invention long accredited to Johann Friedrich Böttger but others claim porcelain had been made by English manufacturers at an even earlier date
1721 Edward Colston a Bristol-born English merchant and Member of Parliament. Much of his wealth, although used often for philanthropic purposes, was acquired through the trade and exploitation of slaves. He endowed schools and almshouses and his name is commemorated in several Bristol landmarks, streets, three schools and the Colston bun
1721 Anton Florian Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein between 1718 and 1721.
1725 Hans Herr born in Zürich, Switzerland, a descendant of the Knight, Hugo Herr. He joined the Swiss Brethren and became a bishop. He was the first Mennonite bishop to emigrate to America
1731 John Craig (mathematician) a Scottish mathematician and theologian.
1740 Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst was, by birth, a Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst and, by marriage, a Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. She was the maternal grandmother of George III of the United Kingdom
1779 Casimir Pulaski a Polish noblemanb, soldier and military commander who has been called "the father of the American cavalry".
1790 Marmaduke Tunstall an English ornithologist and collector. He was the author of Ornithologica Britannica , probably the first British work to use binomial nomenclature
1791 Giovanni Salvemini an Italian mathematician and astronomer.
1802 André Michaux a French botanist and explorer. He is most noted for his study of North American flora. In addition Michaux collected specimens in England, Spain, France, and even Persia. His work was part of a larger European effort to gather knowledge about the natural world. Michaux's contributions included Histoire des chênes de l'Amérique and Flora Boreali-Americana which continued to be botanical references well into the 19th century. His son, Francois André Michaux, also became an authoritative botanist
1803 Alexander Dmitriev-Mamonov a lover of Catherine II of Russia from 1786 to 1789.
1809 Meriwether Lewis an American explorer, soldier, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark. Their mission was to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase, establish trade and sovereignty over the natives near the Missouri River, and claim the Pacific Northwest and Oregon Country for the United States before European nations. They also collected scientific data, and information on indigenous nations. President Thomas Jefferson appointed him Governor of Upper Louisiana in 1806. He died of gunshot wounds in what was either a murder or suicide, in 1809
1811 Johann Conrad Amman (1724-1811) a Swiss physician, naturalist, and collector.
1813 Robert Kerr (writer) a scientific writer and translator from Scotland.
1816 Tobias Lear best known as the personal secretary to President George Washington. Lear served Washington from 1784 until the former-President's death in 1799. Through Lear's journal, we receive the account of Washington's final moments and his last words: 'Tis well
1821 John Ross Key a lawyer, a commissioned officer in the Continental Army, a judge, and the father of writer Francis Scott Key.
1824 Maria Anna of Savoy Duchess of Chablais a Princess of Savoy by birth, and Duchess of Chablais by marriage.
1830 José de la Mar a Peruvian military leader, politician and the third President of Peru.
1842 Ana Gruzinsky Galitzine a Georgian royal princess of the Bagrationi dynasty.
1842 Wilibald Swibert Joseph Gottlieb von Besser an Austrian-born botanist who worked most of his life within the territory of western Ukraine.
1850 Louise of Orléans an ancestor of the present King of Belgium, Italian Royal Pretender , the Grand Duke of Luxembourg and the present Prince Napoléon - head of the Imperial House of France.
1852 Gotthold Eisenstein a German mathematician. He specialized in number theory and analysis, and proved several results that eluded even Gauss. Like Galois and Abel before him, Eisenstein died before the age of 30. He was born and died in Berlin, Prussia
1862 Dietrich Georg von Kieser a German physician born in Harburg.
1871 Eugen Kvaternik a Croatian nationalist politician and one of the founders of the Party of Rights, alongside Ante Starčević. Kvaternik was the leader of the 1871 Rakovica Revolt which was an attempt to create an independent Croatian state, at the time when it was part of Austria-Hungary. In order to get foreign support for his cause Kvaternik visited the Russian Empire, France and the Kingdom of Sardinia. He was also very known for anti-Austro-Hungarian speeches that he made as member of Croatian Parliament
1878 Satanta (chief) This article refers to the Kiowa chief Satanta. For the Irish hero Sétanta, please see Cú Chulainn
1878 Félix Dupanloup Mgr. Félix Antoine Philibert Dupanloup was a French ecclesiastic