Died on October 14

1066 Harold Godwinson the last Anglo-Saxon King of England. Harold reigned from 6 January 1066 until his death at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October, fighting the Norman invaders led by William the Conqueror during the Norman conquest of England. His death marked the end of Anglo-Saxon rule over England
1066 Leofwine Godwinson a younger brother of Harold II of England, the fifth son of Earl Godwin.
1066 Gyrth Godwinson the fourth son of Earl Godwin, and thus a younger brother of Harold II of England. He went with his eldest brother Swegen into exile to Flanders in 1051, but unlike Swegen he was able to return with the rest of the clan the following year. Along with his brothers Harold and Tostig, Gyrth was present at his father's death-bed
1077 Andronikos Doukas (cousin of Michael VII) a protovestiarios and protoproedros of the Byzantine Empire.
1092 Nizam al-Mulk a Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuq Empire. He held near absolute power for 20 years after the assassination of Alp Arslan in 1072
1103 Humbert II Count of Savoy Count of Savoy from 1080 until his death in 1103. He was the son of Amadeus II of Savoy
1172 Louis II Landgrave of Thuringia Ludwig II, Landgrave of Thuringia, nicknamed Louis the Iron.
1184 Abu Yaqub Yusuf the second Almohad Amir or caliph. He reigned from 1163 until 1184 in Marrakech. He had the Giralda in Seville built as well as Koutoubia in Marrakech and Hassan Tower in Rabat
1205 Roman the Great a Rus’ prince, Grand Prince of Kiev.
1310 Blanche of Anjou also known as Blanche of Naples.
1318 Edward Bruce a younger brother of Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland, who supported his brother in the struggle for the Scottish crown, then pursued his own claim in Ireland. He was proclaimed High King of Ireland, but was eventually defeated and killed in battle by Sir John de Bermingham. He also held the Scottish title of Earl of Carrick
1326 Walter de Stapledon Bishop of Exeter 1308–1326 and twice Lord High Treasurer of England, in 1320 and 1322. He founded Exeter College, Oxford and contributed liberally to the rebuilding of Exeter Cathedral. His tomb and monument, of great architectural importance, survives in Exeter Cathedral
1416 Henry the Mild Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg prince of Lüneburg from 1388 to 1409 jointly with his brother Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, from 1400 to 1409 also of Wolfenbüttel, and from 1409 until his death sole prince of Lüneburg.
1536 Garcilaso de la Vega (poet) a Spanish soldier and poet. Although not the first or the only one to do so, he was the most influential poet to introduce Italian Renaissance verse forms, poetic techniques, and themes to Spain. He was well-known in poetic circles during his lifetime, and his poetry has continued to be popular without interruption until the present. His poetry was published posthumously by Juan Boscán in 1543, and it has been the subject of several annotated editions, the first and most famous of which appeared in 1574
1552 Oswald Myconius a follower of Huldrych Zwingli.
1565 Thomas Chaloner (statesman) an English statesman and poet.
1568 Jacques Arcadelt a Netherlandish composer of the Renaissance, active in both Italy and France, and principally known as a composer of secular vocal music. Although he also wrote sacred vocal music, he was one of the most famous of the early composers of madrigals; his first book of madrigals, published within a decade of the appearance of the earliest examples of the form, was the most widely printed collection of madrigals of the entire era. In addition to his work as a madrigalist, and distinguishing him from the other prominent early composers of madrigals – Philippe Verdelot and Costanzo Festa – he was equally prolific and adept at composing chansons, particularly late in his career when he lived in Paris
1570 Floris of Montmorency a noble and diplomat from the Spanish Netherlands.
1610 Amago Yoshihisa a daimyō of Izumo Province.
1619 Samuel Daniel an English poet and historian.
1628 Palma il Giovane an Italian Mannerist painter from Venice. After Tintoretto's death , Palma became Venice's dominant artist perpetuating his style. Outside Venice, he received numerous commissions in the area of Bergamo, then part of the Venetian Domini di Terraferma, and in Central Europe, most prominently from the connoisseur emperor Rudolph II in Prague
1631 Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow a German noble and Queen of Denmark and Norway. She was the mother of King Christian IV of Denmark. She was Regent of Schleswig-Holstein 1590–94
1632 Francis II Duke of Lorraine the son of Charles III, Duke of Lorraine and Claude of Valois. He was Duke of Lorraine briefly in 1624, quickly abdicating in favour of his son
1638 Gabriello Chiabrera an Italian poet, sometimes called the Italian Pindar.
1658 Francesco I d'Este Duke of Modena Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1629 until his death. The eldest son of Alfonso III d'Este, he became reigning duke after his father's abdication
1669 Antonio Cesti also a singer , and organist. He was "the most celebrated Italian musician of his generation"
1677 Francis Glisson a British physician, anatomist, and writer on medical subjects. He did important work on the anatomy of the liver, and he wrote an early pediatric text on rickets. An experiment he performed helped debunk the balloonist theory of muscle contraction by showing that when a muscle contracted under water, the water level did not rise, and thus no air or fluid could be entering the muscle
1677 Józef Bartłomiej Zimorowic a Polish poet and historian of the Baroque era, most famous for his pastoral poems Sielanki nowe ruskie , first published in Kraków in 1663. He was born into a Lwów Armenian family, his father was of a stonemason, Stanisŀaw Ozimek, and educated at the cathedral school in the city. He began to work for the city chancellery and in 1624 changed his surname to Zimorowic in order to advance his career by distancing himself from his artisanal background. He married Katarzyna Duchnicówna, the daughter of a rich goldsmith. In 1640, he took over the running of the city chancellery, became a councillor and was several times mayor of Lwów, which allowed him to take part in the election of King Jan Kazimierz in 1648
1688 Joachim von Sandrart a German Baroque art-historian and painter, active in Amsterdam during the Dutch Golden Age.
1703 Thomas Kingo a Danish bishop, poet and hymn-writer born at Slangerup, near Copenhagen. His work marked the high point of Danish baroque poetry
1719 Arnold Houbraken a Dutch painter and writer from Dordrecht, now remembered mainly as a biographer of artists from the Dutch Golden Age. He had ten children. His son Jacobus Houbraken was an engraver of portraits and book illustrations, including books by his father. His daughter Antonina Houbraken also became an engraver for an Amsterdam publisher, and is known today for her embellishment of cityscapes and buildings with animals and people
1740 Domenico Alberti an Italian singer, harpsichordist, and composer.
1747 Amaro Rodríguez Felipe a famous Spanish pirate.
1758 Wilhelmine of Prussia Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth a princess of the German Kingdom of Prussia and composer. She was the eldest daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, and granddaughter of George I of Great Britain. In 1731, she married Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth. The baroque buildings and parks built during her reign shape much of the present appearance of the town of Bayreuth, Germany
1758 James Francis Edward Keith a Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal. As a Jacobite he took part in a failed attempt to restore the Stuart Monarchy to Britain, before joining the Spanish and Russian armies. He ultimately came to serve in the Prussian army under Frederick the Great where he distinguished himself. He died during the Seven Years' War at the Battle of Hochkirk
1770 Benning Wentworth the colonial governor of New Hampshire from 1741 to 1766.
1771 František Brixi a Czech classical composer of the 18th century. His first name is sometimes given, by reference works, in its Germanic form: Franz
1790 William Hooper an American lawyer, physician, politician, and a member of the Continental Congress representing North Carolina from 1774 through 1777. Hooper was also a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, along with fellow North Carolinians Joseph Hewes and John Penn
1792 Sophie Charlotte Ackermann a German actress from Berlin.
1803 Aimé Argand a Swiss physicist and chemist. He invented the Argand lamp, a great improvement on the traditional oil lamp
1803 Louis Claude de Saint-Martin a French philosopher, known as le philosophe inconnu, the name under which his works were published.
1817 Fyodor Ushakov the most illustrious Russian naval commander and admiral of the 18th century.
1827 Frederick North 5th Earl of Guilford a British politician and colonial administrator.
1831 Jean-Louis Pons a French astronomer. Despite humble beginnings and being self-taught, he went on to become the greatest visual comet discoverer of all time: between 1801 and 1827 Pons discovered thirty-seven comets, more than any other person in history
1832 Johann Heinrich Meyer a Swiss painter and art writer active in Weimar. A pupil of Henry Fuseli, he went to Rome in 1784, and befriended Goethe in 1787, becoming his right-hand-man in artistic matters. From 1791 he lived in Weimar, working from 1806 as director of its Fürstlichen freien Zeichenschule
1850 Wilhelm Hanstein a German chess player and writer.
1852 Jean Schneitzhoeffer a French composer.
1857 Johan Christian Dahl Claussen Dahl , often known as C. Dahl or C. Dahl, was a Norwegian artist who is considered the first great romantic painter in Norway, the founder of the "golden age" of Norwegian painting, and one of the great European artists of all time. He is often described as "the father of Norwegian landscape painting" and is regarded as the first Norwegian Painter ever to reach a level of artistic accomplishment comparable to that attained by the greatest European artists of his day. He was also the first acquire genuine fame and cultural renown abroad. As one critic has put it, "J.C. Dahl occupies a central position in Norwegian artistic life of the first half of the 19th century
1862 Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Pappe a German-born physician and botanist.
1872 Prince Albert of Prussia (1809–1872) a Prussian colonel general. Albert was the fifth son and youngest child of King Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. His parents had fled to East Prussia after the occupation of Berlin by Napoleon. Two of Albert's elder brothers were Frederick William IV, King of Prussia from 1840 till 1861, and William I, King of Prussia from 1861 to 1888 and German Emperor from 1871 until 1888