October 17 events in history

456 Battle of Placentia: Ricimer, supported by Majorian (comes domesticorum), defeats the Roman usurper Avitus near Piacenza (Northern Italy)
1091 London tornado of 1091: A tornado thought to be of strength T8/F4 strikes the heart of London
1346 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by the English near Durham, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years
1448 Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi is defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II
1456 The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
1558 Poczta Polska, the Polish postal service, is founded
1604 Kepler's Supernova: German astronomer Johannes Kepler observes a supernova in the constellation Ophiuchus
1610 French king Louis XIII is crowned in Reims Cathedral
1660 Nine regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered
1662 Charles II of England sells Dunkirk to France for 40,000 pounds
1771 Premiere in Milan of the opera Ascanio in Alba, composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, age 15
1777 American Revolutionary War: British General John Burgoyne surrenders his army at Saratoga, New York
1781 American Revolutionary War: British General Lord Charles Cornwallis surrenders at the Siege of Yorktown
1800 Britain takes control of the Dutch colony of Curaçao
1806 Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti is assassinated after an oppressive rule
1814 London Beer Flood occurs in London, killing eight
1860 First The Open Championship (referred to in North America as the British Open)
1861 Nineteen people are killed in the Cullin-La-Ringo massacre, the deadliest massacre of Europeans by aborigines in Australian history
1888 Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie)
1905 The October Manifesto issued by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia
1907 Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland
1912 Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, joining Montenegro in the First Balkan War
1917 First British bombing of Germany in World War I
1919 RCA is incorporated as the Radio Corporation of America
1931 Al Capone convicted of income tax evasion
1933 Albert Einstein flees Nazi Germany and moves to the United States
1941 For the first time in World War II, a German submarine attacks an American ship
1941 German troops execute the male population of the villages Kerdyllia in Serres, Greece
1943 Burma Railway (Burma–Thailand Railway) is completed
1943 The Holocaust: Sobibór extermination camp is closed
1945 A massive number of people, headed by CGT, gather in the Plaza de Mayo in Argentina to demand Juan Perón's release. It calls "el día de la lealtad peronista" (peronista loyalty day)
1945 Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens becomes Prime Minister of Greece between the pull-out of the German occupation force in 1944 and the return of King Georgios II to Greece
1956 The first commercial nuclear power station is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II in Sellafield,in Cumbria, England
1956 Donald Byrne and Bobby Fischer play a famous chess game called The Game of the Century. Fischer beat Byrne and wins a Brilliancy prize
1961 Scores of Algerian protesters (some claim up to 400) are massacred by the Paris police at the instigation of former Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Prefecture of Police
1964 Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies opens the artificial Lake Burley Griffin in the middle of the capital Canberra
1965 The 1964–65 New York World's Fair closes after a two-year run. More than 51 million people had attended the event
1966 A fire at a building in New York City kills 12 firefighters, the fire department's deadliest day until the September 11, 2001 attacks
1966 Botswana and Lesotho join the United Nations
1970 Montreal: Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte murdered by members of the FLQ terrorist group
1973 OPEC starts an oil embargo against a number of western countries, considered to have helped Israel in its war against Syria
1977 German Autumn: Four days after it is hijacked, Lufthansa Flight 181 lands in Mogadishu, Somalia, where a team of German GSG 9 commandos later rescues all remaining hostages on board
1979 Mother Teresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
1979 The Department of Education Organization Act is signed into law creating the US Department of Education and US Department of Health and Human Services
1980 As part of the Holy See–United Kingdom relations a British monarch makes the first state visit to the Vatican
1989 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake (7.1 on the Richter scale) hits the San Francisco Bay Area and causes 57 deaths directly (and 6 indirectly)
1992 Having gone to the wrong house for a Halloween party, Japanese exchange student Yoshihiro Hattori is shot and killed by the homeowner in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
1994 Russian journalist Dmitry Kholodov is assassinated while investigating corruption in the armed forces
2000 Train crash at Hatfield, north of London, leading to collapse of Railtrack
2001 Israeli tourism minister Rehavam Ze'evi became the first Israeli minister to be assassinated in a terrorist attack