Died on October 18

31 Sejanus an ambitious soldier, friend and confidant of the Roman Emperor Tiberius. An equestrian by birth, Sejanus rose to power as prefect of the Roman imperial bodyguard, known as the Praetorian Guard, of which he was commander from AD 14 until his death in AD 31
325 Emperor Ming of Jin an emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. During his brief reign , he led the weakened Jin out of domination by the warlord Wang Dun, but at his early death, the empire was left to his young son Emperor Cheng, and the fragile balance of power that he created was soon broken, leading to the Su Jun Disturbance and weakening the Jin state even further
544 Saint Wenna a Cornish saint , the dedicatee of several churches.
707 Pope John VII Pope from 1 March 705 to his death in 707. The successor of John VI, he was of Greek ancestry. He is one of the popes of the Byzantine captivity
1012 Coloman of Stockerau a saint of the Catholic Church.
1035 Sancho III of Navarre Garcés , called the Great , succeeded as a minor to the Kingdom of Navarre in 1004, and through conquest and political maneuvering increased his power, until at the time of his death in 1035 he controlled the majority of Christian Iberia, bearing the title of rex Hispaniarum. Having gone further than any of his predecessors in uniting the divided kingdoms of Iberia, his life's work was undone when he divided his domains shortly before his death to provide for each of his sons. The Kingdom of Navarre existed for almost six centuries after his death, but was never as powerful again
1101 Hugh I Count of Vermandois a younger son of Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev and younger brother of Philip He was in effect Count of Vermandois, but an ineffectual leader and soldier, great only in his boasting. Indeed, Steven Runciman is certain that his nickname Magnus , applied to him by William of Tyre, is a copyist's error, and should be Minus , referring to Hugh as younger brother of the King of France
1141 Leopold Duke of Bavaria Margrave of Austria as Leopold IV from 1136, and Duke of Bavaria as Leopold I from 1139 until his death in 1141.
1166 Henry of Sandomierz a Duke of Sandomierz since 1138 or 1146 until his death.
1177 Oldřich of Olomouc Duke in Hradec Králové from 1152 till 1153 and between 1173–1177 ruled in Olomouc Appanage, one of three ducal regions in Moravia, then part of the Duchy of Bohemia.
1214 John de Gray a medieval English Bishop of Norwich, and the elected but unconfirmed Archbishop of Canterbury. He was employed in the service of John of England even before John's coronation as king, for which he was rewarded with a number of ecclesiastical offices, culminating in his pro forma election to Norwich in 1200. De Gray continued in royal service after his elevation to the episcopate, lending the king money and undertaking diplomatic missions on his behalf. In 1205 King John attempted to further reward de Gray with a translation to the archbishopric of Canterbury, but a disputed election process led to de Gray's selection being quashed by Pope Innocent III in 1206
1382 James Butler 2nd Earl of Ormond a noble in the Peerage of Ireland. He was Lord Justice of Ireland in 1359, 1364, and 1376, and a dominant political leader in Ireland in the 1360s and 1370s
1417 Pope Gregory XII Pope from 30 November 1406 to July 1415 when he was forced to resign to end the Western Schism. He succeeded Pope Innocent VII and in turn was succeeded by Pope Martin V
1442 John Constable of Portugal a Portuguese infante of the House of Aviz, Constable of Portugal and master of the Portuguese Order of James. In Portugal, he is commonly referred to as the O Infante Condestável
1470 John Tiptoft 1st Earl of Worcester an English nobleman and scholar, Lord High Treasurer, Lord High Constable and Deputy Governor of Ireland. He was known as the Butcher of England
1480 Uhwudong a Korean dancer, writer, artist, and poet from a noble family in the Joseon Dynasty of the 15th century. Most of her work has not been preserved
1503 Pope Pius III Pope from 22 September 1503 to his death on 18 October, 1503.
1511 Philippe de Commines a writer and diplomat in the courts of Burgundy and France. He has been called "the first truly modern writer" and "the first critical and philosophical historian since classical times". Neither a chronicler nor a historian in the usual sense of the word, his analyses of the contemporary political scene are what made him virtually unique in his own time
1541 Margaret Tudor the elder of the two surviving daughters of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, and the elder sister of Henry VIII. In 1503, she married James IV, King of Scots. James died in 1513, and their son became King James She married secondly Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus. Through her first and second marriages, respectively, Margaret was the grandmother of both Mary, Queen of Scots, and Mary's second husband, Lord Darnley. Margaret's marriage to James IV foreshadowed the Union of the Crowns - their great-grandson, King James VI of Scotland, the child of Mary and Darnley, also became the king of England and Ireland on the death of Margaret's fraternal niece, Elizabeth I of England in 1603
1545 John Taverner an English composer and organist, regarded as one of the most important English composers of his era.
1547 Jacopo Sadoleto Catholic Bishop and Cardinal, loyal to the Catholic Church.
1550 Margery Wentworth the wife of Sir John Seymour and the mother of Queen Jane Seymour, the third wife of Henry VIII of England. She was the grandmother of King Edward VI of England
1558 Mary of Hungary (governor of the Netherlands) queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia as the wife of King Louis II, and was later Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands.
1561 Yamamoto Kansuke (general) a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period. He was known as one of the "Twenty-Four Generals of Takeda Shingen". Also known by his formal name, Haruyuki. He was a brilliant strategist, and is particularly known for his plan which led to victory in the fourth battle of Kawanakajima against Uesugi Kenshin. However, Kansuke never lived to see his plan succeed; thinking it to have failed, he charged headlong into the enemy ranks, dying in battle
1562 Anne d'Alençon a French noblewoman and a Marquise of Montferrat as the wife of William IX, Marquis of Montferrat. She acted as Regent of the Marquisate of Montferrat for her son, Boniface from 1518 to his death in 1530
1562 Peter of Alcantara Saint Peter of Alcantara, O.F.M. was a Spanish Franciscan friar canonized in 1699
1564 Johannes Acronius Frisius a Dutch doctor and mathematician of the 16th century.
1570 Manuel da Nóbrega a Portuguese Jesuit priest and first Provincial of the Society of Jesus in colonial Brazil. Together with José de Anchieta, he was very influential in the early History of Brazil, and participated in the founding of several cities, such as Recife, Salvador, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, and many Jesuit Colleges and seminaries
1590 Philip Duke of Holstein-Gottorp the second son of Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and his wife, Christine of Hesse.
1595 Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira a Spanish navigator. Born in Congosto, in León, he was the nephew of Lope García de Castro, viceroy of Peru. He is best known for the two voyages of discovery he led into the Pacific in 1567 and 1595 in search of Terra Australis
1599 Daniel Adam z Veleslavína a Czech lexicographer, publisher, translator, and writer.
1604 Igram van Achelen a Dutch statesman.
1634 Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg an Austrian statesman, a son of Seyfried von Eggenberg, Lord of Erbersdorf and great-grandson of Balthasar Eggenberger of the House of Eggenberg.
1646 Isaac Jogues a Jesuit priest, missionary and martyr who traveled and worked among the native populations in North America. He gave the original European name to Lake George, calling it Lac du Saint Sacrement, Lake of the Blessed Sacrament. In 1646, Jogues was martyred by the Mohawk at their village of Ossernenon, a site near present-day Auriesville, New York
1667 Fasilides emperor of Ethiopia from 1632 to 18 October 1667, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. His throne name was ʿAlam Sagad , meaning "to whom the world bows". He was the son of Emperor Susenyos I and Empress Sultana Mogassa, born at Magazaz in Shewa before 10 November 1603. His paternal grandfather's name was also Fasilides
1678 Jacob Jordaens one of three Flemish Baroque painters, along with Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck, to bring prestige to the Antwerp school of painting. Unlike those contemporaries he never traveled abroad to study Italian painting, and his career is marked by an indifference to their intellectual and courtly aspirations. In fact, except for a few short trips to locations in the Low Countries, he remained in Antwerp his entire life. As well as being a successful painter, he was a prominent designer of tapestries. Like Rubens, Jordaens painted altarpieces, mythological, and allegorical scenes, and after 1640—the year Rubens died—he was the most important painter in Antwerp for large-scale commissions and the status of his patrons increased in general. However, he is best known today for his numerous large genre scenes based on proverbs in the manner of his contemporary Jan Brueghel the Elder, depicting The King Drinks and As the Old Sing, So Pipe the Young. Jordaens's main artistic influences, besides Rubens and the Brueghel family, were northern Italian painters such as Jacopo Bassano, Paolo Veronese, and Caravaggio
1687 Pietro Liberi an Italian painter of the Baroque era, active mainly in Venice and the Veneto.
1691 Christian I Duke of Saxe-Merseburg the first duke of Saxe-Merseburg and a member of the House of Wettin.
1708 Friedrich von Hessen-Darmstadt (1677–1708) a prince of Hesse-Darmstadt and Russian General.
1713 Tripo Kokolja a Venetian painter from the Bay of Kotor. He is chiefly remembered today for introducing the still life and landscape painting into the art of the eastern Adriatic
1744 Sarah Churchill Duchess of Marlborough Duchess of Marlborough rose to be one of the most influential women of her time through her close friendship with Queen Anne of Great Britain. Sarah's friendship and influence with Princess Anne was widely known, and leading public figures often turned their attentions to her in the hope that she would influence Anne to comply with requests. As a result, by the time Anne became queen, Sarah’s knowledge of government, and intimacy with the Queen, had made her a powerful friend and a dangerous enemy
1770 John Manners Marquess of Granby the eldest son of the 3rd Duke of Rutland. As he did not outlive his father, he was known by his father's subsidiary title, Marquess of Granby. Granby served in the Seven Years' War as overall commander of the British troops on the battlefield and was subsequently rewarded with the post of Commander-in-Chief of the Forces. He was popular with his troops and many public houses are still named after him today
1775 Paul of the Cross an Italian mystic, and founder of the Passionists.
1775 Christian August Crusius a German philosopher and Protestant theologian.
1779 Patrick d'Arcy born in the west of Ireland. His family, who were Catholics, suffered under the penal laws. In 1739 d'Arcy was sent abroad by his parents to an uncle in Paris. He was tutored in mathematics by Jean-Baptiste Clairaut, and became a friend of Jean-Baptiste's son, Alexis-Claude Clairaut, , who was a brilliant young mathematician. d'Arcy made original contributions to dynamics. He is best known for his part in the discovery of the principle of angular momentum, in a form which was known as "the principle of areas," which he announced in 1746. See the article on areal velocity. d'Arcy also had an illustrious military career in the French army. He obtained the title of "Count" in the French nobility. He was a generous patron of Irish refugees in France. In addition to his contributions to dynamics, he performed research on artillery and on electricity. An experiment of his, reported in 1765, on visual perception is often referred to: it involved a rotating disk on which a burning coal was placed; when the disk was spun at an angular velocity exceeding seven revolutions per second, a full circle of light was perceived. d'Arcy was elected to the Academie Royale des Sciences in 1749. He died from cholera in Paris in October 1779
1793 Charles de Bonchamps a French politician and leader of the Vendéan insurrection of Royalists against the Republic during the French Revolution.
1802 Sophie Arnould a French operatic soprano.
1812 Pierre César Dery a French general.
1812 Karl Gustav von Baggovut a lieutenant general of the Russian Empire who took part both in Napoleonic Wars and Finnish War. His family was originally Norwegian, but had moved to Sweden in the 16th century, then to Estonia in the 17th century
1817 Étienne Méhul a French composer, "the most important opera composer in France during the Revolution." He was also the first composer to be called a "Romantic".