Born on October 2

1338 Ismail II Sultan of Granada the second son of Yusuf I and the ninth Nasrid ruler of the Moorish Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula. He reigned from August 1359 until June 1360
1452 Richard III of England King of England from 1483 until his death in 1485 in the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, marks the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the subject of the play Richard III by William Shakespeare
1470 Isabella of Aragon Duchess of Milan the daughter of King Alfonso II of Naples and Ippolita Maria Sforza. From 1489 to 1494, she was the Duchess consort of Milan, and from 1499 to 1524 the suo jure Duchess of Bari and Princess of Rossano. After her brother Ferdinand II's death, she was the heir of the Brienne claim to the title King of Jerusalem
1518 Otte Brahe a Danish nobleman and statesman, who served on the privy council. He was married to Beate Clausdatter Bille and was the father of astronomer Tycho Brahe
1538 Charles Borromeo the cardinal archbishop of Milan from 1564 to 1584. Among the great reformers of the troubled sixteenth century, Borromeo, with Ignatius of Loyola, Philip Neri, and others, led the movement to combat the inroads of the Protestant Reformation. He was a leading figure during the Counter-Reformation and was responsible for significant reforms in the Catholic Church, including the founding of seminaries for the education of priests. He is honoured as a saint in the Catholic Church and his feast day is 4 November
1547 Philipp Ludwig Count Palatine of Neuburg the Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1569 until 1614.
1568 Marin Getaldić a scientist from the Republic of Ragusa. A mathematician and physicist who studied in Italy, England and Belgium, his best results are mainly in physics, especially optics, and mathematics. He was one of the few students of François Viète
1591 Margherita Gonzaga Duchess of Lorraine Duchess of Lorraine from 1606 until her husband's death in 1624.
1623 Patriarch Adrian of Moscow the last pre-revolutionary Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
1644 François-Timoléon de Choisy a French author.
1658 Nicholas Roosevelt (1658–1742) an early member of the Roosevelt family and a prominent Dutch-American citizen of New Amsterdam , and was the 4th great-grand father to Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He was the first Roosevelt to hold an elected office in North America, as an alderman
1667 Louis Count of Vermandois the eldest surviving son of Louis XIV of France and his mistress Louise de La Vallière.
1704 František Tůma an important Czech composer of the Baroque era. Born in Kostelec nad Orlici, Bohemia, he lived the greater part of his life in Vienna, first as director of music for Count Franz Ferdinand Kinsky, later filling a similar office for the widow of Emperor Karl He was an important late-baroque composer, organist, gambist and theorbist
1715 Domenico Caracciolo diplomat and politician in the Kingdom of Naples.
1722 Leopold Widhalm an Austrian luthier.
1727 Ignaz Schiffermüller an Austrian naturalist mainly interested in Lepidoptera.
1737 Francis Hopkinson one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence as a delegate from New Jersey. He later served as a federal judge in Pennsylvania. He played a key role in the design of the first American flag
1741 Johann Christian von Mannlich a German painter and architect.
1749 Jacques Cambry a Breton writer and expert in Celtic France. An early proponent of what came to be called Celtomania, he was the founder of the Celtic Academy, the forerunner of the Societé des Antiquaires de France. In addition, he is still honored as the "inventor" of the Oise département and praised for his contributions to the regional Breton identity as well as the national identity of post-Revolutionary France
1754 Louis Gabriel Ambroise de Bonald a French counter-revolutionary philosopher and politician. Mainly, he is remembered for developing a set of social theories that exercised a powerful influence in shaping the ontological framework from which French sociology would emerged
1755 Hannah Adams a Christian author, born in Medfield, Massachusetts and died in Brookline. She was the first woman in the United States who worked professionally as a writer
1761 Pedro Caro 3rd Marquis of la Romana a Spanish general of the Peninsular War.
1768 William Beresford 1st Viscount Beresford General The Hon. William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, 1st Marquis of Campo Maior, GCB, GCH, GCTE, PC /ˈwɪlɪəm kɑː ˈberɪsfəd/ , was an Anglo-Irish soldier and politician. A general in the British Army and a Marshal in the Portuguese Army, he fought alongside Field Marshal The 1st Duke of Wellington in the Peninsular War and held the office of Master-General of the Ordnance in 1828 in Wellington's first ministry
1791 Alexis Thérèse Petit a French physicist.
1798 Charles Albert of Sardinia the King of Piedmont-Sardinia from 1831 to 1849. His name is bound up with the first "Italian statute" and the First Italian War of Independence. He abdicated after his forces were defeated by the Imperial Austrian army at the Battle of Novara , and died in exile soon thereafter
1798 Théodore Guérin the foundress of the Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods, Indiana, a congregation of Catholic nuns. She was beatified by Pope John Paul II in October 1998 and finally canonized a saint of the Roman Catholic church on October 15, 2006, by Pope Benedict XVI. Her feast day is October 3
1800 Prince Felix of Schwarzenberg a Bohemian nobleman and an Austrian statesman who restored the Habsburg Empire as a European great power following the Revolutions of 1848. He served as Minister-President of the Austrian Empire and Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire from 1848 to 1852
1800 Nat Turner an African-American slave who led a slave rebellion of slaves and free blacks in Southampton County, Virginia on August 21, 1831 that resulted in 60 white deaths. Whites organized militias and called out regular troops to suppress the rising; in addition, mobs attacked blacks in the area, killing an estimated total of 100-200, many not involved at all with the revolt
1802 Édouard Ménétries a French entomologist, zoologist, and herpetologist.
1802 Princess Maria Luisa Carlota of Parma a Princess of Parma and member of the House of Bourbon. She married Maximilian, Crown Prince of Saxony but remained childless
1804 Grigol Orbeliani a Georgian Romanticist poet and soldier in the Imperial Russian service. One of the most colorful figures in the 19th-century Georgian culture, Orbeliani is noted for his patriotic poetry, lamenting Georgia's lost past and independent monarchy. At the same time, he spent decades in the Russian military service, rising through ranks to highest positions in the imperial administration in the Caucasus
1809 Louis Charles Delescluze a French journalist and military commander of the Paris Commune.
1816 Siegfried Saloman a Danish violinist and composer. A contemporary of Franz Liszt, he was a pupil of Johannes Frederik Fröhlich, Holger Simon Paulli, Frederik Thorkildsen Wexschall and Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann, from whom he received violin-playing lessons. He toured extensively throughout Europe with the Swedish opera singer Henriette Nissen, with whom he got married in 1850. In 1842 his nine booklets of romances and songs were published in Hamburg
1821 Nino Bixio an Italian soldier and politician, who fought for the Italian unification.
1824 Henry C. Lord the fourth president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. He was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, the son of Dartmouth College president Nathan Lord
1826 Gustav Heinrich Wiedemann a German physicist known mostly for his literary work.
1827 Edmund J. Davis an American lawyer, soldier, and politician. He was a Southern Unionist and a general in the Union Army in the American Civil War. He also served for one term from 1870 to 1874 as the 14th Governor of Texas
1828 Charles Floquet a French statesman.
1832 Julius von Sachs a German botanist from Breslau, Prussian Silesia.
1832 Edward Burnett Tylor an English anthropologist.
1833 William Corby an American priest of the Congregation of Holy Cross, and a Union Army chaplain in the American Civil War attached to the Irish Brigade. He later served twice as President of the University of Notre Dame
1833 Henri Rouart a French industrialist, impressionist painter, and art collector.
1835 Louis-Antoine Ranvier a French physician, pathologist, anatomist and histologist, who discovered nodes of Ranvier, regularly spaced discontinuities of the myelin sheath, occurring at varying intervals along the length of a nerve fiber.
1839 Hans Thoma a German painter.
1839 Oscar de Négrier one of the most charismatic French generals of the Third Republic, winning fame in Algeria in the Sud-Oranais campaign and in Tonkin during the Sino-French War.
1847 Paul von Hindenburg a Prussian-German field marshal, statesman, and politician, and served as the second President of Germany from 1925 to 1934.
1847 Sergey Nechayev a Russian revolutionary associated with the Nihilist movement and known for his single-minded pursuit of revolution by any means necessary, including political violence.
1851 Boghos Nubar a Chairman of the Armenian National Assembly, liberal, the son of Egyptian Prime Minister Nubar Pasha and the founder, alongside ten other Armenian national movement leaders, of the Armenian General Benevolent Union on April 15, 1906 and became its first ever president, a position he held from 1906 to 1928.
1851 Ferdinand Foch a French soldier, military theorist and the Allied Généralissime during the First World War.
1852 William Ramsay a Scottish chemist who discovered the noble gases and received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1904 "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air". After the two men identified argon, Ramsay investigated other atmospheric gases. His work in isolating argon, helium, neon, krypton and xenon led to the development of a new section of the periodic table