Died on October 2

534 Athalaric the King of the Ostrogoths in Italy. He was a son of Eutharic and Amalasuntha. His maternal grandfather was Theoderic the Great. He succeeded his grandfather as king in 526
829 Michael II surnamed the Amorian or the Stammerer , reigned as Byzantine Emperor from December 820 to his death on 2 October 829, the first ruler of the Phrygian or Amorian dynasty.
939 Gilbert Duke of Lorraine the duke of Lotharingia until 939.
1264 Pope Urban IV Pope from 29 August 1261 to his death in 1264. He was not a cardinal, one of only a few popes since his time that have not been Cardinals, including Urban V and Urban VI
1368 Anna of Kashin a Russian princess from the Rurik Dynasty, who was canonized in 1650.
1431 Thomas Beaufort Count of Perche a member of the Beaufort family and an English commander during the Hundred Years' War.
1559 Jacquet of Mantua a French composer of the Renaissance, who spent almost his entire life in Italy. He was an influential member of the generation between Josquin and Palestrina, and represents well the transitional polyphonic style between those two composers
1588 Bernardino Telesio an Italian philosopher and natural scientist. While his natural theories were later disproven, his emphasis on observation made him the "first of the moderns" who eventually developed the scientific method
1599 Hoca Sadeddin Efendi an Ottoman scholar, official, and historian, a teacher of Ottoman sultan Murad III. His name is transcribed differently: Sa'd ad-Din, Sa'd al-Din, Sa’adeddin, Sadeddin, etc. He was also called "Hoca Efendi", "Koca Hoca Efendi" and with the title of "Câmi'-ür Riyâseteyn"
1626 Diego Sarmiento de Acuña 1st Count of Gondomar a Spanish diplomat, the Spanish ambassador to England in 1613 to 1622 and afterwards, as a kind of ambassador emeritus, Spain's leading expert on English affairs until his death.
1629 Pierre de Bérulle Cong. Orat. , was a French Catholic priest, cardinal and statesman, one of the most important mystics of the 17th century in France, and founder of the French school of spirituality, who could count among his friends and disciples Vincent de Paul and Francis de Sales
1629 Antonio Cifra an Italian composer of the Roman School of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was one of the significant transitional figures between the Renaissance and Baroque styles, and produced music in both idioms
1678 Wu Sangui a Chinese military general who was instrumental in the fall of the Ming Dynasty and the establishment of the Qing Dynasty in 1644. Considered by traditional scholars as a traitor to both Ming, and ultimately, Qing, Wu in 1678 declared himself Emperor of China and ruler of the "Great Zhou", but his revolt was eventually quelled by the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty
1685 David Teniers III a Flemish painter who was born in Antwerp, the son of David Teniers the Younger.
1704 Carlo Barberini an Italian Catholic cardinal and member of the Barberini family. He was the grand-nephew of Maffeo Barberini and son of Taddeo Barberini
1708 Anne Jules de Noailles one of the chief generals of France towards the end of the reign of Louis XIV, and, after raising the regiment of Noailles in 1689, he commanded in Spain during both the War of the Grand Alliance and the War of the Spanish Succession, and was made marshal of France in 1693.
1709 Ivan Mazepa the Cossack Hetman of the Hetmanate in Left-bank Ukraine, from 1687–1708, and Prince of the Holy Roman Empire ad personam 1707-1709. He was famous as a patron of the arts, and also played an important role in the Battle of Poltava where after learning of Peter I's intent to relieve him as acting Hetman of Ukraine and replace him with Alexander Menshikov, he deserted his army and sided with Charles of Sweden. The politicization of this desertion has held a lasting legacy in both Russian and Ukrainian national history
1724 François-Timoléon de Choisy a French author.
1727 Johann Conrad Brunner a Swiss anatomist, especially cited for his work on the pancreas and duodenum.
1751 Pierre Dumage a French Baroque organist and composer. His first music teacher was most likely his father, organist of the Beauvais Cathedral. At some point during his youth Dumage moved to Paris and studied under Louis Marchand. He also befriended Nicolas Lebègue, who in 1703 procured for Dumage a position of organist of the Saint-Quentin collegiate church. In 1710 Dumage was appointed titular organist of the Laon Cathedral. Due to strained relations with his superiors in the cathedral chapter, Dumage left on 30 March 1719, at the age of 45, and became a civil servant. He apparently neither played nor composed music professionally until his death, 32 years later
1764 William Cavendish 4th Duke of Devonshire a British Whig statesman who was briefly nominal Prime Minister of Great Britain. He was the first son of William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire and Catherine Hoskins
1775 Fukuda Chiyo-ni a Japanese poet of the Edo period, widely regarded as one of the greatest female haiku poets.
1780 John André a British Army officer hanged as a spy by the Continental Army during the American War of Independence for assisting Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to the British.
1782 Charles Lee (general) served as a General of the Continental Army during the American War of Independence. Lee also served earlier in the British Army during the Seven Years War. After the war he sold his commission and served for a time in the Polish army of King Stanislaus In 1773 Lee, who had Whig views, moved to America and bought an estate in Virginia. When the fighting broke out in the American War of Independence in 1775 he volunteered to serve with rebel forces. Lee's ambitions to become Commander in Chief of the Continental Army were thwarted by the appointment of George Washington
1786 Augustus Keppel 1st Viscount Keppel an officer of the Royal Navy during the Seven Years' War and the War of American Independence. During the final years of the latter conflict he served as First Lord of the Admiralty
1802 Giuseppe Millico best remembered for his performances in the operas of Christoph Willibald Gluck.
1803 Samuel Adams an American statesman, political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. As a politician in colonial Massachusetts, Adams was a leader of the movement that became the American Revolution, and was one of the architects of the principles of American republicanism that shaped the political culture of the United States. He was a second cousin to President John Adams
1804 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot a French inventor. He is known to have built the first working self-propelled mechanical vehicle, the world's first automobile. This claim is disputed by some sources, however, which suggest that Ferdinand Verbiest, as a member of a Jesuit mission in China, may have been the first to build, around 1672, a steam-powered vehicle but that was too small to carry a driver or passengers
1814 Vera Vasilchikova a maid of honour, the first wife of General Hilarion Vasilyevich Vasilchikov and dame of the Order of Saint Catherine.
1822 Evan Nepean a British politician and colonial administrator. He was the first of the Nepean Baronets
1823 Daniel Steibelt a German pianist and composer who died in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
1832 Chrétien Géofroy Nestler an Alsatian botanist and pharmacist.
1841 Honoré V Prince of Monaco Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois. He was born Honoré Gabriel Grimaldi, the first son of Honoré IV of Monaco and Louise d'Aumont. He died unmarried; his younger brother, Prince Florestan, succeeded him
1847 Vasil Aprilov a Bulgarian educator. He studied in Moscow, graduated from a high school in Braşov and then pursued a medical degree in Vienna. After 1811 he was a merchant in Odessa. He initially participated in the Greek revolutionary movement, but later devoted himself to the Bulgarian Renaissance. He gathered Bulgarian folk songs. In his will he left a large amount of money for building the Aprilovska High School in Gabrovo. This was to be the first Bulgarian secular school using the Bell-Lancaster method. The emergence of this school gave a boost to Bulgarian education and soon other schools were opened all over the Bulgarian-populated regions of the Ottoman empire
1848 Georg August Goldfuss a German palaeontologist, zoologist and botanist.
1850 Sarah Biffen a Victorian English painter born with no arms. She was 94 cm tall
1852 Carl Borivoj Presl a Bohemian botanist.
1853 François Arago a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.
1860 Louis Hersent a French painter.
1872 Francis Lieber a German-American jurist, gymnast and political philosopher. He edited an Encyclopaedia Americana. He was the author of the Lieber Code during the American Civil War, also known as Code for the Government of Armies in the Field , which laid the foundation for conventions governing the conduct of troops during wartime
1875 Solomon Meredith a prominent Indiana farmer, politician, and lawman who was a controversial Union Army general in the American Civil War. He gained fame as one of the commanders of the Iron Brigade of the Army of the Potomac, leading the brigade in the Battle of Gettysburg
1876 Louis-Ovide Brunet considered one of the founding fathers of Canadian botany.
1876 Alfonso Giacomo Gaspare Corti born at Gambarana, near Pavia in 1822. A famous friend of Corti's father, Antonio Scarpa, may have kindled his boyhood interest in anatomy and medicine. As a medical student he enrolled first at the University of Pavia. Corti's favorite study there was microanatomy with Bartolomeo Panizza and Mario Rusconi. In 1845, against paternal wishes, Corti moved to Vienna to complete his medical studies and to work in the anatomical institute of Joseph Hirtl. There he received the degree in medicine in 1847 under the supervision of professor Hyrtl, with a thesis on the bloodstream system of a reptile. He was then appointed by Hyrtl to be his Second Prosector. With the outbreak of the 1848 Revolution he left Vienna, and after brief military service in Italy made visits to eminent scientists in Bern, London and Paris. At the beginning of 1850 Corti had received the invitation of the anatomist Albert Kölliker and had moved to Würzburg, where he made friends with Virchow. At the Kölliker Laboratory he began to work on the mammalian auditory system. Corti spent a short time in Utrecht, where he visited Professors Jacobus Schroeder van der Kolk and Pieter Harting. During his stay he learned to use methods to preserve several preparations of the cochlea. From Utrecht he returned to Würzburg to complete his study of at least 200 cochleas of man and different animals. His famous paper, "Recherches sur l'organe de l'ouïe des mammiferes", appeared in 1851 in Kölliker's journal "Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie". In the same year, after the death of his father, he inherited his father's estate and the title "Marchese de San Stefano Belbo" and moved back to Italy. In 1855 Corti married the daughter from a neighboring estate, Maria Bettinzoli. His young wife presented him with a daughter Bianca, and a son Gaspare, but in 1861 she died, leaving him with the responsibility of rearing the children. Unfortunately he was gradually developing arthritis deformans. Corti's last 15 years were further darkened by the inexorable progress of his crippling illness. In 1876, on the second of October, he died at Corvino San Quirico
1877 Ludwig Karl Georg Pfeiffer a German physician, botanist and conchologist.
1890 Philip Francis Thomas an American lawyer and politician.
1892 Ernest Renan a French expert of Middle East ancient languages and civilizations, philosopher and writer, devoted to his native province of Brittany. He is best known for his influential historical works on early Christianity and his political theories, especially concerning nationalism and national identity. Renan is credited as being among the first scholars to advance the Khazar theory, which held that Ashkenazi Jews were descendants of Turkic peoples who had adopted Jewish religion and migrated to Western Europe following the collapse of their khanate
1893 Elizabeth Eastlake a British author, art critic and art historian who was the first woman to write regularly for the Quarterly Review. She is known not only for her writing, but also for her significant role in the London art world while her husband, Sir Charles Eastlake, was director of the National Gallery there
1897 Khurshidbanu Natavan considered one of the best lyrical poets of Azerbaijan whose poems are in Persian and Azerbaijani. Daughter of Mehdigulu Khan, the last ruler of the Karabakh khanate , Natavan was most notable for her lyrical ghazals
1899 Percy Pilcher a British inventor and pioneer aviator who was his country's foremost experimenter in unpowered flight at the end of the nineteenth century.
1901 Rudolph Koenig a German physicist, chiefly concerned with acoustic phenomena.