October 2 events in history

829 Theophilos (813–842), succeeds his father as Byzantine Emperor
1187 Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule
1263 The battle of Largs is fought between Norwegians and Scots
1470 A rebellion organised by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands, restoring Henry VI to the throne
1535 Jacques Cartier discovers the area where Montreal is now located
1552 Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible
1780 John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War, is hanged as a spy by American forces
1789 George Washington sends proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification
1814 Battle of Rancagua: Spanish Royalists troops under Mariano Osorio defeats rebel Chilean forces of Bernardo O'Higgins and José Miguel Carrera
1835 The Texas Revolution begins with the Battle of Gonzales: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia
1864 American Civil War: Battle of Saltville – Union forces attack Saltville, Virginia, but are defeated by Confederate troops
1889 In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West
1919 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed
1925 John Logie Baird performs the first test of a working television system
1928 The "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", commonly known as Opus Dei, is founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá
1937 Dominican Republic strongman Rafael Trujillo orders the execution of the Haitian population living within the borderlands; approximately 20,000 are killed over the next five days
1941 World War II: In Operation Typhoon, Germany begins an all-out offensive against Moscow
1942 World War II: Ocean Liner RMS Queen Mary accidentally rams and sinks her own escort ship, HMS Curacoa, off the coast of Ireland
1944 World War II: German troops end the Warsaw Uprising
1950 Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz is first published
1958 Guinea declares its independence from France
1959 The anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres on CBS television
1967 Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of United States Supreme Court
1968 A peaceful student demonstration in Mexico City culminates in the Tlatelolco massacre by the order of the president, Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, to the soldiers of killing unarmed students, hiding the event from the public eye. The 1968 Summer Olympics, hosted in Mexico City, started ten days after the massacre
1970 A plane carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado killing 31 people
1979 Pope John Paul II denounces all forms of concentration camps and torture while speaking at the U.N. in New York City
1980 Michael Myers becomes the first member of either chamber of Congress to be expelled since the Civil War
1990 Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 is hijacked and lands at Guangzhou, where it crashes into two other airliners on the ground, killing 128
1992 The Carandiru massacre takes place after a riot in the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil
1996 The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton
1996 Aeroperú Flight 603, a Boeing 757, crashes into the Pacific Ocean shortly after takeoff from Lima, Peru, killing 70
1997 Amsterdam Treaty on European Union is signed
2001 NATO backs U.S. military strikes following 9/11
2002 The Beltway sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks
2005 Ethan Allen boating accident: The Ethan Allen tour boat capsizes on Lake George in Upstate New York, killing twenty people
2006 Five school girls are murdered by Charles Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania before Roberts commits suicide
2007 President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-il