Born on October 22

1071 William IX Duke of Aquitaine the Duke of Aquitaine and Gascony and Count of Poitou between 1086 and his death. He was also one of the leaders of the Crusade of 1101. Though his political and military achievements have a certain historical importance, he is best known as the earliest troubadour — a vernacular lyric poet in the Occitan language — whose work survived
1197 Emperor Juntoku the 84th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1210 through 1221
1511 Erasmus Reinhold a German astronomer and mathematician, considered to be the most influential astronomical pedagogue of his generation. He was born and died in Saalfeld, Saxony
1583 Laurens Reael an employee of the Dutch East India Company , Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1616 to 1619 and an admiral of the Dutch navy from 1625 to 1627.
1587 Joachim Jungius a German mathematician, logician and philosopher of sciences.
1592 Gustav Horn Count of Pori a Swedish/Finnish soldier and politician. He was the youngest son of Field Marshal Carl Horn and Agneta von Dellwig, born while his father was imprisoned in Örbyhus Castle, after the defeat against the Russians
1605 Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne ruler of the independent principality of Sedan, and a general in the French royal army. Born in Sedan, Ardennes, he was the son of Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon, Prince of Sedan and Elisabeth of Orange-Nassau. His brother was the renowned Turenne, Marshal of France. Raised as a Protestant, he received a military education in Holland under his uncles, Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange and Frederick Henry of Nassau, Prince of Orange
1631 Gilles Boileau a French translator and member of the Académie française.
1659 Georg Ernst Stahl a German chemist, physician and philosopher. He was a supporter of vitalism, and until the late 18th century his works on phlogiston were accepted as an explanation for chemical processes. He died in Berlin
1687 Anton Ulrich Duke of Saxe-Meiningen Duke of Saxe-Meiningen from 1746 to 1763.
1689 John V of Portugal a Braganza monarch that ruled as King of Portugal and the Algarves during the first half of the 18th-century. João V raised the prestige of Portugal, which had been in a long decline amongst European courts, to a new and glorious level of prosperity and wealth
1701 Maria Amalia of Austria Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen of Bohemia, Electress and Duchess of Bavaria etc. as the spouse of Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor. By birth, she was an Archduchess of Austria as the daughter of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor and Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1708 Louis Günther II Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt the ruling prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1767 until his death.
1729 Johann Reinhold Forster a Reformed pastor and naturalist of partially Scottish descent who made contributions to the early ornithology of Europe and North America. He is best known as the naturalist on James Cook's second Pacific voyage, where he was accompanied by his son Georg Forster. These expeditions promoted the career of Johann Reinhold Forster and the findings became the bedrock of colonial professionalism and helped set the stage for the future development of anthropology and ethnology. They also laid the framework for general concern about the impact that alteration of the physical environment for European economic expansion would have on exotic societies
1737 Vincenzo Manfredini an Italian composer, harpsichordist and a music theorist.
1746 James Northcote an English painter.
1749 Cornelis van der Aa a bookseller in Haarlem when he was convicted in 1796 by the schepenen of the city to five years imprisonment and consecutive perpetual exile from the department Holland for political reasons as a follower of the stadtholders. At the end of 1799, he was released and settled in Utrecht as a bookseller. From then on until his death in 1816 in Amsterdam, where he moved to later on, he spent his time writing the following books:
1751 Nathanael Gottfried Leske a German natural scientist and geologist.
1752 Ambrogio Minoja a classical composer from Italy, born in Ospedaletto Lodigiano, in the territory of Lodi, in the region of Lombardy. He was professor of composition and writer on vocal music, having written Solfeggi, and Lettera sopra il canto
1756 Samuel Alken an English artist.
1759 Louise d'Aumont the only child and daughter of Louis Marie d'Aumont, duc d'Aumont , and his wife, Louise Jeanne de Durfort, duchesse Mazarin et de La Meilleraye.
1761 Antoine Barnave a French politician, and, together with Honoré Mirabeau, one of the most influential orators of the early part of the French Revolution. He is most notable for correspondence with Marie Antoinette in an attempt to set up a constitutional monarchy and for being one of the founding members of the Feuillants
1764 Jean-Marie Valhubert born on October 22, 1764, at Avranches in Normandy, and died December 3, 1805 at Brünn. He was a French General during the French Revolution
1765 Daniel Steibelt a German pianist and composer who died in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
1769 Codrington Edmund Carrington an English barrister, Chief justice of Ceylon, and a member of the UK Parliament.
1780 John Forsyth (Georgia) a 19th-century American politician from Georgia.
1781 Louis Joseph Dauphin of France the second child and elder son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was called the twenty-sixth Dauphin of France—the hereditary "crown prince" title of the Capetian and Bourbon Monarchies as well as of medieval and early-modern France
1783 Constantine Samuel Rafinesque known in Europe , was a nineteenth-century polymath who made notable contributions to botany, zoology, the study of prehistoric earthworks in North America and ancient Mesoamerican linguistics.
1800 Christian Lassen a Norwegian-German orientalist.
1809 Federico Ricci an Italian composer, particularly of operas. Born in Naples, he was the younger brother of Luigi Ricci, with whom he collaborated on several works
1809 Volney Howard an American lawyer, statesman, and jurist.
1811 Franz Liszt T.O.S.F. in modern use Liszt Ferenc ; from 1859 to 1867 officially Franz Ritter von Liszt, was a 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, teacher and Franciscan tertiary
1812 Luigi Carlo Farini an Italian physician, statesman and historian.
1816 George Colvocoresses a United States Navy officer who commanded the Saratoga during the American Civil War. From 1838 up until 1842, he served in the United States Exploring Expedition, better known as the Wilkes Expedition, which explored large regions of the Pacific Ocean. Three separate geographical features, two on the west coast of the United States and another in Antarctica, were named for Colvocoresses
1817 Alexander Wheelock Thayer a librarian and journalist who became the author of the first scholarly biography of Ludwig van Beethoven, still after many updatings regarded as a standard work of reference on the composer.
1818 Leconte de Lisle a French poet of the Parnassian movement. He is traditionally known by his surname only, Leconte de Lisle
1821 Collis Potter Huntington one of the Big Four of western railroading who built the Central Pacific Railroad as part of the first U.S. transcontinental railroad. Huntington then helped lead and develop other major interstate lines such as the Southern Pacific Railroad and the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway , which he was recruited to help complete. The C&O, completed in 1873, fulfilled a long-held dream of Virginians of a rail link from the James River at Richmond to the Ohio River Valley. The new railroad facilities adjacent to the river there resulted in expansion of the former small town of Guyandotte, West Virginia into part of a new city which was named Huntington in his honor
1825 Friedrich von Schmidt an architect who worked in late 19th century Vienna.
1832 Leopold Damrosch a German American orchestral conductor and composer.
1839 Louis Auguste Sabatier born at Vallon-Pont-d'Arc, Ardèche, in the Cévennes, and was educated at the Protestant theological faculty of Montauban and the universities of Tübingen and Heidelberg.
1840 Samuel de Lange a Dutch composer, music conservatory director, organist, pianist, conductor and music teacher. His father, Samuel de Lange Sr., and his one year younger brother Daniël de Lange were also well known musicians
1843 Anton von Saltza a Russian Imperial General in World War He participated in the Battle of Galicia where he commanded the Russian 4th Army. He was replaced by Alexei Evert during the battle as the commander of the 4th Army, and returned to his former position as commander of the Kazan Military District
1844 Louis Riel a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and a political and spiritual leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies. He led two resistance movements against the Canadian government and its first post-Confederation prime minister, Sir John Macdonald. Riel sought to preserve Métis rights and culture as their homelands in the Northwest came progressively under the Canadian sphere of influence. He is regarded by many today as a Canadian folk hero
1844 Sarah Bernhardt a French stage and early film actress, and was referred to as "the most famous actress the world has ever known." Bernhardt made her fame on the stages of France in the 1870s, at the beginning of the Belle Epoque period, and was soon in demand in Europe and the Americas. She developed a reputation as a serious dramatic actress, earning the nickname "The Divine Sarah."
1847 Koos de la Rey widely regarded as being one of the strongest military leaders during that conflict.
1850 Heinrich von Zügel a German painter who specialized in pictures of farm and domestic animals, often posed with a human in a dramatic or humorous situation.
1852 Adam Müller-Guttenbrunn an Austrian author.
1856 Eduard Schütt a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor.
1856 Dominique Gardères a French horse rider who competed in the 1900 Olympic Games.
1858 Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein the last German empress and queen of Prussia.