Died on October 22

232 Pope Demetrius of Alexandria 12th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of Mark. Sextus Julius Africanus, who visited Alexandria in the time of Demetrius, places his accession as eleventh bishop after Mark in the tenth year of Roman Emperor Commodus; Eusebius of Caesarea's statement that it was in the tenth of Septimius Severus is a mistake
472 Olybrius Western Roman Emperor from April or May 472 to his death. He was in reality a puppet ruler, put on the throne by the Roman general of Germanic descent Ricimer, and was mainly interested in religion, while the actual power was held by Ricimer and his nephew Gundobad
1229 Gerard III Count of Guelders the Count of Guelders and Zutphen from 1207 until his death in 1229. He was a son of Count Otto I of Guelders, and is sometimes called Gerard IV or Gerard He married Margaretha of Brabant, the daughter of Duke Hendrik I of Brabant, in 1206
1246 Mieszko II the Fat a Duke of Opole-Racibórz from 1230 until his death, and Duke of Kalisz-Wieluń during 1234–1239.
1383 Ferdinand I of Portugal the King of Portugal and the Algarve from 1367 until his death.
1565 Jean Grolier de Servières Treasurer-General of France and a famous bibliophile. As a book collector, Grolier is known in particular for his patronage of the Aldine Press, and his love of richly decorated bookbindings
1583 Louis VI Elector Palatine an Elector from the Palatinate-Simmern branch of the house of Wittelsbach. He was the first-born son of Frederick III, Elector Palatine and Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
1605 Constantine I of Kakheti a king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia from March to October 1605.
1625 Kikkawa Hiroie a Japanese daimyo of the Azuchi-Momoyama period through early Edo period.
1657 Cassiano dal Pozzo an Italian scholar and patron of arts. The secretary of Cardinal Francesco Barberini, he was an antiquary in the classicizing circle of Rome, and a long-term friend and patron of Nicolas Poussin, whom he supported from his earliest arrival in Rome: Poussin in a letter declared that he was "a disciple of the house and the museum of cavaliere dal Pozzo." A doctor with interests in the proto-science of alchemy, a correspondent of major figures like Galileo, a collector of books and master drawings, dal Pozzo was a node in the network of European scientific figures
1690 Isabel Luísa Princess of Beira a Portuguese infanta and the sole daughter of King Peter II of Portugal and his first wife and former sister-in-law Maria Francisca of Savoy. As such she was styled Princess of Beira. She was the presumptive heir to the throne of Portugal between 1668 and 1689, the year her half-brother John was born
1708 Hermann Witsius a Dutch theologian.
1725 Alessandro Scarlatti an Italian Baroque composer, especially famous for his operas and chamber cantatas. He is considered the founder of the Neapolitan school of opera. He was the father of two other composers, Domenico Scarlatti and Pietro Filippo Scarlatti
1747 Raphael Zaborovsky a Russian Orthodox bishop of Pskov and Narva and metropolitan of Kiev.
1751 William IV Prince of Orange the first hereditary stadtholder of the Netherlands.
1763 Frans van Mieris the Younger a Dutch painter.
1764 Jean-Marie Leclair a Baroque violinist and composer. He is considered to have founded the French violin school. His brothers Jean-Marie Leclair the younger , Pierre Leclair and Jean-Benoît Leclair were also musicians
1767 Princess Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen the daughter of Ernst Ludwig I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Dorothea Marie of Saxe-Gotha. She was the wife off Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
1772 Franciszek Salezy Potocki a Polish nobleman. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on August 3, 1750 in Warsaw. The richest magnate of his time, owner of huge properties in the Dnipro Ukraine. Nicknamed "Litlle King of Ruthenia"
1775 Peyton Randolph a planter and public official from the Colony of Virginia. He served as speaker of the Virginia House of Burgesses, chairman of the Virginia Conventions, and the first President of the Continental Congress
1781 Johann August Nahl a German sculptor and stuccist.
1783 Gerhard Friedrich Müller a historian and pioneer ethnologist.
1791 Jacob Vernes a Swiss theologian and Protestant pastor in Geneva, famous for his correspondence with Voltaire and Rousseau.
1792 Guillaume Le Gentil a French astronomer.
1798 Joseph Sulkowski a Polish captain in the French Revolutionary Army and friend and aide de camp to Bonaparte. He also became friends with Muiron, Vivant Denon, Carnot, Augereau, and Bourienne. His name is engraved on the Arc de Triomphe, on the 28th column, as SULKOSKY
1802 Samuel Arnold (composer) an English composer and organist.
1818 Joachim Heinrich Campe a German writer, linguist, educator and publisher. He was a major representative of philanthropinism and the German Enlightenment
1836 Heinrich Schrader (botanist) a German botanist and mycologist. He studied medicine early in life. He named the Australian plant genus Hakea in 1797
1839 Alexander Odoevsky a Russian poet and playwright, and one of the leading figures of the 1825 Decembrist revolt. One of Odoevsky's lines, "One spark will start a flame" has come down in history as a long-lasting slogan of the Russian revolutionary movement. It was chosen as a motto for the Lenin-founded newspaper Iskra, also giving the magazine its title, which means "spark"
1843 Roman Sołtyk a Polish nobleman , political activist and general.
1847 Sahle Selassie a Meridazmach of Shewa , an important noble of Ethiopia. He was a younger son of Wossen Seged. Sahle Selassie was the father of numerous sons, among them Haile Melekot, Haile Mikael, Seyfe Sahle Selassie, and Darge Sahle Selassie; his daughters included Tenagnework, Ayahilush, Wossenyelesh, Birkinesh, and Tinfelesh
1847 Henriette Herz best known for the "salonnieres" or literary salons that she started with a group of emancipated Jews in Prussia.
1852 Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern born at Kleinniedesheim, near Worms. After studying law at the universities of Leipzig and Göttingen, he entered the service of the Prince of Nassau-Weilburg, whom in 1791 he represented at the imperial diet
1853 Juan Antonio Lavalleja an Uruguayan revolutionary and political figure. Today's Lavalleja Department is named after him
1854 Jeremias Gotthelf a Swiss novelist, best known by his pen name of Jeremias Gotthelf.
1854 José María Paz an Argentine military figure, notable in the Argentine War of Independence and the Argentine Civil War.
1859 Louis Spohr a German composer, violinist and conductor. Highly regarded during his lifetime, Spohr composed ten symphonies, ten operas, eighteen violin concerti, four clarinet concerti, four oratorios and various works for small ensemble, chamber music and art songs. Spohr was the inventor of both the violin chinrest and the orchestral rehearsal mark. His output occupies a pivotal position between Classicism and Romanticism, but fell into obscurity following his death, when his music was rarely heard. The late 20th century saw a revival of interest in his oeuvre, especially in Europe
1869 Vasily Botkin a Russian essayist, literary, art and music critic, translator and publicist.
1869 Michael Sars a Norwegian theologian and biologist.
1871 Roderick Murchison a Scottish geologist who first described and investigated the Silurian system.
1878 Benjamin Herschel Babbage an English engineer, scientist, explorer and politician, best known for his work in the colony of South Australia. He invariably signed his name "B. Herschel Babbage" and was frequently referred to as "Herschel Babbage"
1880 Alphonse Pénaud a 19th-century French pioneer of aviation design and engineering. He was the originator of the use of twisted rubber to power model aircraft, and his 1871 model airplane, which he called the Planophore, was the first truly successful automatically stable flying model. He went on to design a full sized aircraft with many advanced features, but was unable to get any support for the project, and eventually committed suicide in 1880, aged 30
1882 János Arany a Hungarian journalist, writer, poet, and translator. He is often said to be the "Shakespeare of ballads" – he wrote more than 40 ballads which have been translated into over 50 languages, as well as the Toldi trilogy, to mention his most famous works
1882 Ion Andreescu a Romanian painter of great renown.
1883 George Coulthard a star Australian rules footballer who played for Carlton. He was also a notable cricketer who played for the Melbourne Cricket Club and briefly for Australia. As a cricketer he played only six first-class matches, five for Victoria and a Test match for Australia. Coulthard played in the first match between Victoria and South Australia, taking 3 wickets for 29. He was also a prominent umpire of the time, standing in two Tests, and played an integral role in the Sydney Riot of 1879
1883 Thomas Mayne Reid a Scots-Irish American novelist. "Captain" Reid wrote many adventure novels akin to those written by Frederick Marryat and Robert Louis Stevenson. He was a great admirer of Lord Byron. These novels contain action that takes place primarily in untamed settings: the American West, Mexico, South Africa, the Himalayas, and Jamaica
1889 Philippe Ricord a French physician.
1891 Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow an Austrian physiologist and physician who became known for his important investigations on the electrical activity of nerves and the brain. He was also a creative inventor of new devices which were widely adopted in clinical medicine and physiological research
1893 Duleep Singh the last Maharaja of the Sikh Empire. He was Maharaja Ranjit Singh's youngest son, the only child of Maharani Jind Kaur
1894 Philipp Bertkau a German zoologist born in Cologne.