October 22 events in history

362 The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside Antioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire
451 The Council of Chalcedon adopts the Chalcedonian Creed regarding the divine and human nature of Jesus Christ
794 Emperor Kanmu relocates the Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto)
1383 The 1383–85 Crisis in Portugal: King Fernando dies without a male heir to the Portuguese throne, sparking a period of civil war and disorder
1575 Foundation of Aguascalientes
1633 Battle of Liaoluo Bay: The Ming dynasty defeats the Dutch East India Company
1707 Scilly naval disaster: four British Royal Navy ships run aground near the Isles of Scilly because of faulty navigation. Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell and thousands of sailors drown
1730 Construction of the Ladoga Canal is completed
1746 The College of New Jersey (later renamed Princeton University) receives its charter
1777 American Revolutionary War: American defenders of Fort Mercer on the Delaware River repulse repeated Hessian attacks in the Battle of Red Bank
1784 Russia founds a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
1790 Warriors of the Miami tribe under Chief Little Turtle defeat United States troops under General Josiah Harmar at the site of present-day Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the Northwest Indian War
1797 André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump from one thousand meters (3,200 feet) above Paris
1836 Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas
1844 The Great Anticipation: Millerites, followers of William Miller, anticipate the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ. The following day became known as the Great Disappointment
1859 Spain declares war on Morocco
1866 A plebiscite ratifies the annexion of Veneto and Mantua to Italy, occurred three days before, on October 19
1875 First telegraphic connection in Argentina
1877 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners
1878 The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton
1879 Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric incandescent light bulb (it lasted 13½ hours before burning out)
1883 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City opens with a performance of Gounod's Faust
1895 In Paris an express train derails after overrunning the buffer stop, crossing almost 30 metres (100 ft) of concourse before crashing through a wall and falling 10 metres (33 ft) to the road below
1907 Panic of 1907: A run on the stock of the Knickerbocker Trust Company sets events in motion that will lead to a depression
1910 Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and is subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London
1923 The royalist Leonardopoulos–Gargalidis coup d'état attempt fails in Greece, discrediting the monarchy and paving the way for the establishment of the Second Hellenic Republic
1924 Toastmasters International is founded
1926 J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal, precipitating his death
1927 Nikola Tesla introduces six new inventions including a motor with onephase electricity
1928 Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus
1934 In East Liverpool, Ohio, Federal Bureau of Investigation agents shoot and kill notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd
1941 World War II: French resistance member Guy Môquet and 29 other hostages are executed by the Germans in retaliation for the death of a German officer
1943 World War II: in the Second firestorm raid on Germany, the Royal Air Force conducts an air raid on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 homeless
1946 Soviet Operation Osoaviakhim takes place, recruiting of thousands of military-related technical specialists from the Soviet occupation zone of post-World-War-II Germany for employment in the Soviet Union
1957 Vietnam War: First United States casualties in Vietnam
1962 Cuban missile crisis: US President John F. Kennedy, after internal counsel from Dwight D. Eisenhower, announces that American reconnaissance planes have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he has ordered a naval "quarantine" of the Communist nation
1963 A BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes in UK with the loss of all on board
1964 Jean-Paul Sartre is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, but turns down the honor
1964 Canada: A Multi-Party Parliamentary Committee selects the design which becomes the new official flag of Canada
1966 The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain a No. 1 selling album (The Supremes A' Go-Go)
1966 The Soviet Union launches Luna 12
1968 Apollo program: Apollo 7 safely splashes down in the Atlantic Ocean after orbiting the Earth 163 times
1972 Vietnam War: In Saigon, Henry Kissinger and South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu meet to discuss a proposed cease-fire that had been worked out between Americans and North Vietnamese in Paris
1975 The Soviet unmanned space mission Venera 9 lands on Venus
1976 Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs. The dye is still used in Canada
1978 Papal inauguration of Pope John Paul II
1981 The United States Federal Labor Relations Authority votes to decertify the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization for its strike the previous August
1983 Two correctional officers are killed by inmates at the United States Penitentiary in Marion, Illinois. The incident inspires the Supermax model of prisons
1999 Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity
2005 Tropical Storm Alpha forms in the Atlantic Basin, making the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms